How The mRNA Vaccines Were Made: Halting Progress and Happy Accidents

The stunning Covid vaccines manufactured by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna drew upon long-buried discoveries made in the hopes of ending past epidemics.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #clinical-trials, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #fauci-anthony-s, #graham-barney-s-1953, #kariko-katalin-1955, #mers-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome, #national-institutes-of-health, #vaccination-and-immunization, #weissman-drew-1961, #your-feed-science

In South Africa, Success Against H.I.V. Offers Hope

A former Africa correspondent, who covered the height of the AIDS epidemic there 15 years ago, finds lessons in the remarkable progress against that virus for our current fight.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #africa, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #south-africa, #two-thousands-decade, #zambia

In Southern Africa, Success Against H.I.V. Offers Hope for Beating Back Another Virus

A former Africa correspondent, who covered the height of the AIDS epidemic there 15 years ago, finds lessons in the remarkable progress against that virus for our current fight.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #africa, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #south-africa, #two-thousands-decade, #zambia

The Pandemic Brought Seismic Changes. They Changed With It.

From new forms of medicine to less wasteful business practices, many have adapted to Covid-19 in ways that have improved them, and society.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #bonanno-george-a, #books-and-literature, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disabilities, #fauci-anthony-s, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #resilience, #shutdowns-institutional, #telemedicine

In Chicago, a New Approach to Gay and Bisexual Men With Prostate Cancer

A new clinic focuses on patients left grappling with the aftermath of treatment in ways that are rarely appreciated by doctors.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #cancer, #chicago-ill, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #northwestern-memorial-hospital-chicago-ill, #prostate-cancer, #prostate-gland, #sex, #united-states

The Variant Hunters: Inside South Africa’s Effort to Stanch Dangerous Mutations

Scientists in a cutting-edge laboratory do part of the work. Local health workers on foot do the rest.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-omicron-variant, #immune-system, #laboratories-and-scientific-equipment, #research, #south-africa, #vaccination-and-immunization

Dear People of 2021: What Can We Learn From Hindsight?

For the first series from the Headway initiative, we followed up on forecasts from decades past to ask what the passage of time has revealed.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #democracy-theory-and-philosophy, #europe, #european-union, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #internal-open-access, #new-york-city, #poverty, #united-nations, #united-states, #water

What Can One Life Tell Us About the Battle Against H.I.V.?

In 2001, U.N. estimates suggested 150 million people would be infected with H.I.V. by 2021. That preceded an ambitious global campaign to curb the virus. How well did it work?

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria, #internal-open-access, #presidents-emergency-plan-for-aids-relief, #unaids

Zena Stein, 99, Dies; Researcher Championed Women’s Health

She studied the impact of AIDS on women and explored the effects of famine and poverty on health with an “unwavering commitment to social justice.”

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #african-national-congress, #apartheid-policy, #columbia-university, #deaths-obituaries, #famine, #medicine-and-health, #research, #south-africa, #stein-zena, #susser-mervyn-1921-2014, #women-and-girls

Pope Francis Sent Me a Letter. It Gives Me Hope as a Gay Catholic.

Dialogue may be possible between L.G.B.T. Catholics and church leaders, even at the highest levels.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #francis, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #nuns, #priests, #roman-catholic-church, #transgender-and-transsexuals

Stephen Karpiak, Pathbreaking H.I.V. Researcher, Dies at 74

His work helped change people’s attitude toward older people living with the virus that causes AIDS.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #deaths-obituaries, #elderly, #gay-mens-health-crisis, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #karpiak-stephen-1947-2021, #research

John Nkengasong, of the Africa C.D.C., Will Lead PEPFAR

Dr. Nkengasong will be the first person of African origin to oversee the U.S. government program combating H.I.V., which has ravaged the continent.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #africa, #appointments-and-executive-changes, #nkengasong-john, #presidents-emergency-plan-for-aids-relief, #your-feed-science

Carl Bean, Gay Singer Who Turned to Preaching, Dies at 77

After recording “I Was Born This Way,” a club favorite, he entered the ministry and founded a church for the L.G.B.T.Q. community.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #bean-carl-1944-2021, #black-people, #christians-and-christianity, #deaths-obituaries, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #i-was-born-this-way-song, #los-angeles-calif, #pop-and-rock-music, #unity-fellowship-church

The Pandemic Has Set Back the Fight Against H.I.V., TB and Malaria

Prevention and treatment fell in poor countries last year as access to health care declined, according to a new report.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria, #malaria, #tests-medical, #third-world-and-developing-countries, #tuberculosis, #your-feed-science

An Experimental H.I.V. Vaccine Fails in Africa

Researchers ended a large trial in South Africa after finding that an experimental vaccine offered little protection.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #africa, #clinical-trials, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #johnsonjohnson, #south-africa, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-science

The Lesbian Avengers Will Not Be Commodified

At least, not by the Gap.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #act-up, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #gap-inc, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #new-york-city, #t-shirts-apparel, #women-and-girls

Sarah Schulman’s Radical Approach to Conflict, Communication and Change

The writer and activist discusses ACT UP, Israel-Palestine and the dangers of consensus in political movements.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #act-up, #let-the-record-show-a-political-history-of-act-up-new-york-1987-1993-book, #politics-and-government, #schulman-sarah

A U.N. Declaration on Ending AIDS Should Have Been Easy. It Wasn’t.

Even with U.N.’s previous goals unmet, delegates tried to water down provisions regarding protections for vulnerable populations and patents for essential drugs.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #belarus, #china, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #discrimination, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #european-union, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #intellectual-property, #inventions-and-patents, #iran, #prostitution, #russia, #sex-education, #switzerland, #united-nations, #united-states, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-science

Ganga Stone, Who Gave Sustenance to AIDS Patients, Dies at 79

At the height of the AIDS epidemic, she started God’s Love We Deliver, a charity that brought hot meals to people who were too ill to cook.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #deaths-obituaries, #food-banks-and-pantries, #gods-love-we-deliver, #new-york-metropolitan-area, #stone-ganga

The Forgotten Queer Legacy of Billy West and Zuni Café

The restaurant is a culinary landmark in San Francisco, but its history as a space for gay visibility is little known.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #content-type-personal-profile, #cooking-and-cookbooks, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #restaurants, #san-francisco-calif, #west-billy-1948-94, #zuni-cafe-san-francisco-calif-restaurant

In ‘Let the Record Show,’ Sarah Schulman Erects a Monument to the AIDS Movement

A political history of ACT UP New York in the late 1980s and early ’90s is part oral history, part call to arms.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #act-up, #books-and-literature, #let-the-record-show-a-political-history-of-act-up-new-york-1987-1993-book, #schulman-sarah

Billy Porter Reveals He Has Been H.I.V. Positive for 14 Years

The actor told The Hollywood Reporter that he had feared disclosing it would give “another way for people to discriminate against me in an already discriminatory profession.”

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #hollywood-reporter, #porter-billy, #pose-tv-program, #television, #theater

A New Testament to the Fury and Beauty of Activism During the AIDS Crisis

Sarah Schulman’s “Let the Record Show” is a history of ACT UP, the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, based on 17 years of interviews with nearly 200 members of the organization.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #act-up, #books-and-literature, #let-the-record-show-a-political-history-of-act-up-new-york-1987-1993-book, #schulman-sarah

John C. Martin, 69, Dies; Led Drugmaker in Breakthroughs

A chemist by training, he turned Gilead Sciences into a leading, and lucrative, innovator with single-pill treatments for H.I.V. and hepatitis C.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #deaths-obituaries, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #gilead-sciences-inc, #h-i-v, #hepatitis, #martin-john-c-1951-2021, #sovaldi-drug, #tamiflu-drug, #truvada-drug

The City Losing Its Children to H.I.V.

A pediatric outbreak in a remote Pakistan city shows the urgency of global health after Covid.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #children-and-childhood, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #pakistan, #tests-medical

How America’s Vaccine System Makes People With Health Problems Fight for a Place in Line

At least 37 states allow people with certain health conditions to receive the Covid-19 vaccine, according to a New York Times survey. But a new skirmish has emerged over who will go first.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #cystic-fibrosis, #diabetes, #obesity, #united-states, #vaccination-and-immunization

TV Taught Me About AIDS. ‘It’s a Sin’ Reminded Me How Far We’ve Come.

The new HBO Max series, set amid the first decade of the AIDS crisis in London, prompts a writer’s memories and regrets to come flooding back.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #davies-russell-t, #gay-bar-why-we-went-out-book, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #its-a-sin-tv-program, #sex

How Britain Is Reacting to ‘It’s a Sin’

The show, which aired last month in the U.K., has broken a viewing record and revived conversations about how the country handled the AIDS crisis in the 1980s.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #alexander-olly, #davies-russell-t, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #howells-callum-scott, #its-a-sin-tv-program, #london-england, #television

‘It’s a Sin’: Sex, Adventure and Loss in 1980s London

The acclaimed screenwriter Russell T. Davies came of age during London’s AIDS crisis, but this HBO Max mini-series is his first attempt to dramatize it.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #alexander-olly, #content-type-personal-profile, #davies-russell-t, #great-britain, #harris-neil-patrick, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #its-a-sin-tv-program, #queer-as-folk-tv-program, #television

Joseph Sonnabend, Early Force in Fight Against AIDS, Dies at 88

At the epicenter of the epidemic in New York City, he was a pioneer researcher who, as a clinician, also made house calls.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #amfar-the-foundation-for-aids-research, #deaths-obituaries, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #medicine-and-health, #research, #sonnabend-joseph-a

F.D.A. Approves Monthly Shots to Treat H.I.V.

A combination of two injectable drugs will provide an alternative to daily pills for people with H.I.V.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #food-and-drug-administration, #united-states, #your-feed-science

Louise Hay Believed Self-Love Was the Antidote to AIDS

Louise Hay’s controversial brand of self-love drew in thousands during the AIDS crisis.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #california, #deaths-fatalities, #hay-louise, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #men-and-boys, #united-states

Biden Should Boost Covid Vaccine Supply With New Manufacturing Plan

Two decades ago, the U.S. launched a program to help supply the world with H.I.V. medication. It should take a similar approach to Covid.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #factories-and-manufacturing, #shortages, #vaccination-and-immunization

New York Has a Cameo in ‘The Crown.’ Here’s What Really Happened.

Princess Diana visited the city in 1989, a trip featured on the Netflix series and remembered fondly by the people she met.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #brooklyn-academy-of-music, #charles-prince-of-wales, #diana-princess-of-wales, #harlem-hospital-center, #henry-street-settlement, #lower-east-side-manhattan-ny, #netflix-inc, #new-york-city, #royal-families, #the-crown-tv-program

Berry-Flavored H.I.V. Medication Is Ready for Babies

For the 80,000 children who die of H.I.V. each year, drugs are often bitter or hard to swallow. Dolutegravir will soon come in a tasty dissolving tablet.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #africa, #babies-and-infants, #clinton-health-access-initiative, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #food-and-drug-administration, #inventions-and-patents, #macleods-pharmaceuticals-ltd, #mylan-inc, #presidents-emergency-plan-for-aids-relief, #third-world-and-developing-countries, #unitaid, #viiv-healthcare-ltd, #your-feed-health

Black Voguers Populate Billboards in a Times Square ‘Midnight Moment’

The opportunity to stage “Black Magic” in Times Square “was a great proposition to do something transgressive,” said the artist Rashaad Newsome.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #art, #black-magic-dance, #black-people, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #dancing, #leslie-lohman-museum-of-art, #midnight-moment-exhibit, #newsome-rashaad, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #times-square-alliance, #times-square-and-42nd-street-manhattan-ny, #world-aids-day

Frederick Weston, Outsider Artist Who Was Finally Let In, Dies at 73

For decades he made his art in dingy Manhattan hotel rooms, living hand-to-mouth, hoping for his big break. It finally arrived, just a few years before his death.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #art, #black-people, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #manhattan, #outsider-art-fair, #single-room-occupancy, #weston-frederick-artist

‘Funeral Diva,’ a Mix of Memoir and Poetry, Stirs the Body and Mind

Pamela Sneed’s book powerfully recalls the contributions and leadership of lesbians during the height of the AIDS crisis.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #books-and-literature, #content-type-personal-profile, #funeral-diva-book, #poetry-and-poets, #sneed-pamela

Shot to Prevent H.I.V. Works Better Than Daily Pill in Women

Researchers ended a clinical trial of the drug early because the results were so convincing. The more effective drug would be given in six injections a year instead of as 365 daily pills.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #clinical-trials, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #gilead-sciences-inc, #truvada-drug, #viiv-healthcare-ltd, #women-and-girls, #your-feed-science

Marguerite Littman, the Inspiration for Holly Golightly, Dies at 90

She knew everyone, Truman Capote said. And she drew on her friends to contribute to her efforts in the fight against AIDS.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #aids-charitable-trust, #avedon-richard, #capote-truman, #deaths-obituaries, #diana-princess-of-wales, #john-elton-aids-foundation, #littman-marguerite, #philanthropy

People Are Still Having Sex. So Why Are S.T.D. Rates Dropping?

Public health officials believe many cases are going undetected as clinics close during the pandemic and testing supplies are diverted to coronavirus screening.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention, #chlamydia, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disease-rates, #gonorrhea, #medicine-and-health, #rationing-and-allocation-of-resources, #sex, #sexually-transmitted-diseases, #shortages, #shutdowns-institutional, #syphilis, #tests-medical, #your-feed-healthcare

Dating During the Coronavirus Pandemic Means Fear. Again.

I never imagined I’d live to witness another viral threat.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #dating-and-relationships, #kissing, #sex

Timothy Ray Brown, First Patient Cured of H.I.V., Dies at 54

Known initially as the “Berlin Patient,” he underwent an experimental stem cell transplant 13 years ago that rid his body of the virus. He died of leukemia.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #bone-marrow, #brown-timothy-ray, #deaths-obituaries, #stem-cells, #transplants

The Pandemic, from the Coronavirus’s Perspective

The career of the coronavirus so far is, in Darwinian terms, a great success story.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #aristotle, #bats, #caves-and-caverns, #cell-journal, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #evolution-biology, #fauci-anthony-s, #hahn-beatrice-h, #monkeys-and-apes, #plague, #rats, #sars-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome, #worobey-michael-g-1970

Bill Gates Sr., Who Guided Billionaire Son’s Philanthropy, Dies at 94

He channeled support for campaigns to eradicate polio, reduce infant mortality, build schools and help find an AIDS vaccine — among other causes.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #deaths-obituaries, #gates-bill, #gates-bill-and-melinda-foundation, #gates-bill-sr, #gates-melinda, #legal-profession, #microsoft-corp, #philanthropy

Bill Gates on Coronavirus, Vaccines and Global Health

The Covid-19 pandemic has set back public health efforts by years. But in an interview, the tech philanthropist expressed hope about new avenues for foreign aid

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #epidemics, #federal-budget-us, #foreign-aid, #gates-bill, #gates-bill-and-melinda-foundation, #humanitarian-aid, #philanthropy, #stimulus-economic, #third-world-and-developing-countries, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government, #vaccination-and-immunization, #world-health-organization, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

If You See Someone Not Wearing a Mask, Do You Say Something?

I considered whether to put on a mask at the party and, as a doctor, did so. People glanced at me hesitantly, noticing. I felt awkward.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #condoms, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #masks, #medicine-and-health, #youth

A Woman May Have Been Cured of H.I.V. Without Medical Treatment

In dozens of other patients who suppress the virus without drugs, it seems to have been cornered in parts of the genome where it cannot reproduce, scientists reported.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #bone-marrow, #genetics-and-heredity, #harvard-university, #immune-system, #nature-journal, #transplants, #your-feed-science

AIDS Quilts for an Artist and His Partner, Sewn During a New Pandemic

Tom Rauffenbart had resolved to create a tribute to his partner, the artist David Wojnarowicz. A sewing circle of women took up the cause for both men, stitching through lockdown.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #art, #carr-cynthia, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #foos-jean, #glantzman-judy, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #hourigan-virginia, #mansion-gracie-gallery-owner, #quilts, #rauffenbart-tom, #sewing, #vitale-anita-1947, #washington-heights-manhattan-ny, #whitney-museum-of-american-art, #wojnarowicz-david

‘The Biggest Monster’ Is Spreading. And It’s Not the Coronavirus.

Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people each year. Lockdowns and supply-chain disruptions threaten progress against the disease as well as H.I.V. and malaria.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #africa, #brazil, #cepheid, #chloroquine-drug, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #deaths-fatalities, #disease-rates, #drug-resistance-microbial, #eastern-europe, #global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria, #harare-zimbabwe, #india, #kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa, #malaria, #manaus-brazil, #medicine-and-health, #mexico, #nairobi-kenya, #shutdowns-institutional, #south-africa, #tests-medical, #tuberculosis, #unaids, #world-health-organization