Two Costly Wars, and a Legacy of Shame

The troop withdrawals in Iraq and Afghanistan planned by the Trump administration amount to a painful admission: We lost.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #iraq-war-2003-11, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-marine-corps

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Where the Pomegranate Harvest Is Life, the Taliban Brought Ruin

An incursion that devastated a prized crop shows the loss and uncertainty that many Afghans endure.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #agriculture-and-farming, #arghandab-district-afghanistan, #civilian-casualties, #mines-explosive, #pomegranates, #taliban, #terrorism

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Trump Using Last Days to Lock in Policies and Make Biden’s Task More Difficult

At a wide range of departments and agencies, Mr. Trump’s political appointees are going to extraordinary lengths to try to prevent Mr. Biden from rolling back the president’s legacy.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #appointments-and-executive-changes, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #politics-and-government, #presidential-election-of-2020, #presidential-transition-us, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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Rockets Strike Kabul as Mike Pompeo Plans to Meet with Taliban

The strikes on the Afghan capital, which killed at least five people, comes on the heels of an already bloody month for the city.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #doha-qatar, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #kabul-afghanistan, #kabul-university, #politics-and-government

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Australian Troops Unlawfully Killed 39 Afghans, Report Finds

The findings of a long-awaited inquiry painted a scathing picture of the culture inside the Australian special forces.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #australia, #civilian-casualties, #deaths-fatalities, #defense-and-military-forces

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The Rise, Fall and Resurrection of the Taliban

A Times correspondent reflects on what he’s learned from growing up with and reporting on the extremists in Afghanistan for some 25 years.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #kabul-afghanistan, #taliban

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U.S. Troops Are Packing Up, Ready or Not

The Pentagon has announced a reduction down to 2,500 U.S. troops in Afghanistan before President-elect Biden takes office. Afghan officials fear the cuts will encourage the Taliban to keep fighting.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #iraq, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations

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Trump Is Said to Be Preparing to Withdraw Troops From Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia

Facing the end of his time in power, the president is pushing to accelerate withdrawals from counterterrorism conflicts. He campaigned on ending the longstanding wars.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-qaeda, #defense-department, #iraq, #iraq-war-2003-11, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #obama-barack, #shabab, #somalia, #taliban, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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Trump Pentagon Purge Could Accelerate His Goal to Pull Troops From Afghanistan

President Trump’s supporters hope he is the president to end America’s longest war.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #concerned-veterans-for-america, #defense-department, #esper-mark-t, #koch-charles-g, #miller-austin-scott-1961, #miller-christopher-c-1965, #national-counterterrorism-center, #obrien-robert-c-1952, #presidential-election-of-2020, #taliban, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #veterans, #votevets-political-action-committee

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U.S. Troops Are Still Leaving, but Afghans Hope Biden Will Help

Afghans fear the Taliban are subverting the peace process, and hope a Biden administration will bring more accountability.

#afghan-national-army, #afghanistan-war-2001, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #harris-kamala-d, #new-york-times, #presidential-election-of-2020, #taliban, #terrorism

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Trump Stacks the Pentagon and Intel Agencies With Loyalists. To What End?

So far, there is no evidence the appointees harbor a secret agenda or arrived with an action plan. But their sudden appearance amounts to a purge of the Pentagon’s top civilian hierarchy without recent precedent.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #appointments-and-executive-changes, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #central-intelligence-agency, #classified-information-and-state-secrets, #cohen-watnick-ezra, #defense-department, #esper-mark-t, #haspel-gina, #iran, #joint-chiefs-of-staff, #miller-christopher-c-1965, #milley-mark-a, #national-counterterrorism-center, #national-security-agency, #pompeo-mike, #presidential-election-of-2020, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-interference-in-2016-us-elections-and-ties-to-trump-associates, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Trump Still Has 70 Days to Wreak Havoc Around the World

Biden wants to undo the chaos Trump has inflicted from the Middle East to China and beyond. It won’t be easy.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #communist-party-of-china, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #executive-orders-and-memorandums, #international-trade-and-world-market, #muslim-brotherhood-egypt, #presidential-election-of-2020, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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The End of ‘America First’: How Biden Says He Will Re-engage With the World

Those who have known President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. for decades say they expect him to move carefully, providing reassurance with a few big symbolic acts.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #arms-control-and-limitation-and-disarmament, #arms-trade, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #blinken-antony-j, #china, #cyberwarfare-and-defense, #iran, #nuclear-weapons, #obama-barack, #presidential-election-of-2020, #presidents-and-presidency-us, #russia, #russian-interference-in-2016-us-elections-and-ties-to-trump-associates, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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String of Attacks Have People in Kabul Pointing a Finger, at the Government

The assaults not only highlight a city under siege, they have exposed a growing, and very public, discontent with an Afghan government unable to protect its people.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-independent-human-rights-commission, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #doha-qatar, #ghani-ashraf, #saleh-amrullah, #terrorism

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An Afghan Mayor Expected to Die. Instead, She Lost Her Father.

Zarifa Ghafari, one of the few female mayors in Afghanistan, has been subjected to death threats and assassination attempts, and believes her father was gunned down because of her.

#afghan-national-security-forces, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #ghani-ashraf, #kabul-university, #taliban, #targeted-killings, #terrorism

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Deadly School Assault Catapults Kabul into Even More Despair

With the Americans scheduled to leave Afghanistan under a deal with the Taliban, the carnage at Kabul University seemed to erase the nation’s hope.

#afghan-national-security-forces, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #politics-and-government, #school-shootings-and-armed-attacks, #terrorism

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On Afghan Highways, Even the Police Fear the Taliban’s Toll Collectors

As the U.S. retreats and peace talks stall, the Taliban have increasingly taken over Afghanistan’s highways, raising millions in unofficial taxes and strengthening their hand at the negotiating table.

#afghan-national-police, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #bribery-and-kickbacks, #extortion-and-blackmail, #helmand-province-afghanistan, #kabul-afghanistan, #roads-and-traffic, #taliban

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An Ancient Hill and Forgotten Dead: Afghanistan’s Haunted Outpost

Its name was Observation Post Rock. The outpost is the backdrop for a ghost story, and is known for strange voices, radio static and the creeping fear of being watched.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #helmand-province-afghanistan, #politics-and-government, #poppies, #taliban, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-marine-corps

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What Will Trump Do After Election Day?

Current and former Trump administration officials are worried about what might happen on Nov. 4.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #barr-william-p, #cyberwarfare-and-defense, #espionage-and-intelligence-services, #immigration-and-emigration, #johnson-ron-1955, #kelly-john-f-1950, #kurds, #mattis-james-n, #presidential-election-of-2020, #right-wing-extremism-and-alt-right, #russian-interference-in-2016-us-elections-and-ties-to-trump-associates, #syria, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government, #voter-fraud-election-fraud, #wray-christopher-a

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After 12 Years, Arrest in Abduction of Former Times Journalist David Rohde

A former Taliban commander was arrested in the November 2008 kidnapping of Mr. Rohde and two others in Afghanistan. He was brought to the United States to face charges.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #pakistan, #rohde-david, #terrorism

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Al Qaeda Feels Losses in Syria and Afghanistan but Stays Resilient

American drones and U.S. allies killed several Qaeda leaders and operatives in the past week. But the organization has “ingrained itself in local communities and conflicts,” according to the U.N.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-nusra-front, #al-qaeda, #bin-laden-osama, #central-intelligence-agency, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #hurras-al-din, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #khorasan, #national-counterterrorism-center, #national-directorate-of-security-afghanistan, #shabab, #somalia, #syria, #taliban, #targeted-killings, #united-nations, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-special-operations-command, #zawahri-ayman-al

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How an Afghan Political Crisis Derailed Payments to War Victims

Sometimes money is the only form of justice for those who lost loved ones in Afghanistan’s unending war.

#abdullah-abdullah, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #ghani-ashraf, #kunduz-afghanistan, #taliban, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Deadly Explosion Hits Kabul Tutoring Center

At least 10 people were killed and 20 wounded in latest attack, which happened as peace talks are at an impasse and as violence rises across Afghanistan.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #kabul-afghanistan, #taliban, #terrorism

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A Radical Cleric Ignites an Islamist Resistance in Afghanistan

The cleric’s supporters in Herat are enforcing harsh Shariah law reminiscent of the Taliban’s. Women are alarmed, and the government has been able to do little.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #clergy, #herat-afghanistan, #muslims-and-islam, #shariah-islamic-law, #womens-rights

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Afghanistan Stampede Leaves at Least 12 Dead

At least 12 people died as thousands crowded a soccer stadium. Many were seeking medical care in Pakistan, which recently eased its pandemic border restrictions.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #deaths-fatalities, #immigration-and-emigration, #pakistan, #stampedes, #visas

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Refugees Who Assisted U.S. Military Denied Entry Into U.S.

President Trump has reduced the flow of refugees into the country to a trickle, and even Iraqis and Afghans who risked their lives for American service members have been cut off.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #immigration-and-emigration, #international-refugee-assistance-project, #iraq-war-2003-11, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #state-department, #translation-and-interpreters, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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A Storied Female Warlord Surrenders, Taliban Say, Exposing Afghan Weakness

She was undefeated in decades of war, but her decision was an act of survival. A government that has come to depend on unreliable militias finds itself vulnerable.

#afghan-national-police, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #ghani-ashraf, #kabul-afghanistan, #kunduz-afghanistan

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Trump’s Sanctions on International Court May Do Little Beyond Alienating Allies

Critics say the administration has targeted a human rights lawyer with economic penalties meant for warlords, dictators and authoritarian governments.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #assad-bashar-al, #bensouda-fatou, #bolton-john-r, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #european-union, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #international-criminal-court, #khashoggi-jamal, #mohammed-bin-salman-1985, #national-security-council, #netanyahu-benjamin, #palestinian-authority, #pompeo-mike, #trump-donald-j, #united-nations, #united-states-international-relations, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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Trump Aide Insists U.S. Will Reduce Forces in Afghanistan to 2,500 Troops

The national security adviser, Robert C. O’Brien, reiterated a plan to draw down troops to 2,500 by early 2021, sidestepping President Trump’s call for a Christmas exit.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #bolton-john-r, #defense-department, #esper-mark-t, #joint-chiefs-of-staff, #milley-mark-a, #national-public-radio, #obrien-robert-c-1952, #taliban, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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This Ex-Taliban Commander Is Now the Face of Afghan Security

Rahmatullah Andar once fought the government and then turned against the Taliban. Now he is a prominent spokesman, and his story is an example of the long war’s many plot twists.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #muslims-and-islam, #politics-and-government, #taliban, #terrorism, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Top General Declines to Endorse Trump’s Afghan Withdrawal Timeline

The comments from Gen. Mark A. Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, came after the White House tripped over itself on the issue of Afghanistan troop levels in recent days.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #defense-department, #joint-chiefs-of-staff, #mattis-james-n, #presidential-election-of-2020, #taliban, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Taliban Test Afghan and U.S. Resolve in Talks by Attacking a City

The insurgents have opened an offensive against the capital of Helmand Province even as their negotiators remain at the table in Qatar.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #helmand-province-afghanistan, #lashkar-gah-afghanistan, #qatar, #taliban, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Trump’s Campaign Talk of Troop Withdrawals Doesn’t Match Military Reality

President Trump has brought home few American combat troops over all even as his pressure campaign against Iran risks a new Middle East conflict.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #al-qaeda, #iran, #iraq-war-2003-11, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #presidential-election-of-2020, #syria, #taliban, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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An Afghan Boy’s Rape and Death Prompt a Rare Response: Arrests

Villagers confronted officials, and seven police officers are now in jail, in a rare official action to investigate child sexual abuse accusations in Afghanistan.

#afghan-national-security-forces, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-independent-human-rights-commission, #afghanistan-war-2001, #child-abuse-and-neglect, #defense-and-military-forces, #ghani-ashraf, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #kandahar-afghanistan, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #sex-crimes, #special-inspector-general-for-afghanistan-reconstruction, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Data Shows Fewer Afghan Women Than Men Get Covid. That’s Bad News.

The number of women reported to have tested positive for the virus is so far below the male average that experts believe it is likely the result of gender inequalities that shut women out of the health care system.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #medicine-and-health, #taliban, #women-and-girls

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Whose Islam? The New Battle for Afghanistan

Finding common ground on the role of Islam is the most decisive task in the peace talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #constitutions, #doha-qatar, #ghani-ashraf, #muslims-and-islam, #taliban, #womens-rights

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Stanley McChrystal, a Top General Fired Over Insults to Biden, Says He’ll Vote for Him

Fired after an article portrayed him and senior aides as disrespectful of Obama administration officials, General McChrystal added a coda to the story: He endorsed Joe Biden to be the next commander in chief.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #defense-department, #mcchrystal-stanley-a, #obama-barack, #presidential-election-of-2020, #rolling-stone, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

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In Proud Corners of Afghanistan, New Calls for Autonomy

In Panjshir, one of the last holdout regions against the Soviets and the Taliban, some would prefer to go their own way rather than support a government negotiating peace with the insurgency.

#afghan-national-security-forces, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #fahim-muhammad-qasim, #ghani-ashraf, #northern-alliance, #politics-and-government, #taliban

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Fake Guns, Fictional Battles, Real Uniforms: Inside the Immersive World of MilSim

Veterans, gamers, history buffs and gun enthusiasts are shelling out to take part in military simulations.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #firearms, #iraq-war-2003-11, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #veterans

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Killing of 2 Marines in 2011 Almost Derailed Afghan Peace Talks

Even as they pushed for the release of other Afghan prisoners as part of a deal with the Taliban, U.S. officials privately dug in over freeing a man who had killed Americans.

#afghan-national-police, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #prisons-and-prisoners, #taliban, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-marine-corps

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Violent Attacks Plague Afghanistan as Peace Talks in Doha Slow

More than a dozen civilians are feared dead in an airstrike, as talks go on to finalize rules for negotiations.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #civilian-casualties, #doha-qatar, #taliban

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To Get to Afghan Talks, Lots of Last-Minute Deals — and Nose Swabs

Months of delays over issues as big as prisoner swaps and as small as haircuts, with extra coronavirus complications, made the Afghan flight to meet the Taliban no sure bet.

#abdullah-abdullah, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #doha-qatar, #taliban

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Afghanistan Peace Talks to Open in Qatar, Seeking End to Decades of War

The Afghan government and the Taliban are finally coming to the table, after repeated delays. But the violence continues, and the challenges are vast.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #doha-qatar, #ghani-ashraf, #khalilzad-zalmay, #taliban, #united-states-international-relations

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The Other Way Covid Will Kill: Hunger

Worldwide, the population facing life-threatening levels of food insecurity is expected to double, to more than a quarter of a billion people.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #food, #food-insecurity, #shortages, #south-africa, #south-sudan

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Afghan Peace Talks Begin This Week. Here’s What to Know.

The Afghan government and the Taliban are to meet on Saturday to open negotiations about power sharing after years of relentless war. The differences on major issues are vast.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #doha-qatar, #international-relations, #politics-and-government, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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Afghan Vice President, Staunch Opponent of Taliban, Survives Blast

At least 10 bystanders were killed in the attack in Kabul, the second in just over a year aimed at the senior vice president, Amrullah Saleh.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #amrullah-saleh, #ghani-ashraf, #politics-and-government, #taliban, #terrorism, #united-states-international-relations

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At Least 37 Million People Have Been Displaced by America’s War on Terror

A new report calculates the number of people who fled because of wars fought by the United States since Sept. 11, 2001.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #defense-and-military-forces, #internal-displacement-monitoring-center, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #september-11-2001, #shabab, #somalia

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Fighting Patriarchy, and Fearing Worse From the Taliban

A new generation of career-minded women in Afghanistan fear that all they have fought for will be swept away if the Taliban negotiate a return.

#afghan-national-police, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #discrimination, #kabul-afghanistan, #taliban, #women-and-girls, #womens-rights

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Afghan Peace Talks Set to Begin as Prisoner Swap Is Nearly Done

Afghan officials say that the last of thousands of Taliban prisoners are set to be freed, and that talks with the insurgents in Qatar will start soon.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #prisons-and-prisoners, #taliban

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Taliban Violated Afghan Deal With Shelling of American Bases, U.S. Officials Say

Rockets that U.S. officials say were fired by the insurgent group have landed around two bases used by American forces. A Taliban commander denied involvement.

#afghan-national-security-forces, #afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-qaeda, #taliban, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

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