Black Death: A Clue to Where the Plague Originated

By fishing shards of bacterial DNA from the teeth of bodies in a cemetery, researchers found the starting point for the plague that devastated Eurasia, they say.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bubonic-plague, #cemeteries, #epidemics, #history-academic-subject, #kyrgyzstan, #nature-journal, #research, #teeth-and-dentistry

Before Chickens Were Nuggets, They Were Revered

The origin of the domestic fowl is more recent than previously thought, but it may have taken them thousands of years to become food.

#animal-behavior, #antiquity-journal, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #carbon-dating, #chickens, #fossils, #proceedings-of-the-national-academy-of-sciences, #research, #thailand, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

Italy Says Ancient Statue in U.S. Museum Was Stolen, Not Lost at Sea

A court near Pompeii has ordered the return of a treasured classical antiquity that was purchased by the Minneapolis Institute of Art almost four decades ago.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #art, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #conforti-michael, #italy, #minneapolis-minn, #minneapolis-institute-of-arts, #museums, #osanna-massimo, #zuchtriegel-gabriel

While Building a House, They Dug Up a Chamber for Ancient Gods

The discovery in Turkey led to a looting charge against the homebuilders and captured a time when the Neo-Assyrian Empire was the region’s dominant power.

#antiquity-journal, #aramaic-language, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #assyrian-civilization, #research, #turkey, #your-feed-science

Things to Do in Rome 2022: Restaurants, Attractions and More

The Eternal City continues to live up to its name, thanks to some long-awaited reopenings and a crop of new restaurants and cultural spots all over town.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #colosseum-rome, #cooking-and-cookbooks, #culture-arts, #hotels-and-travel-lodgings, #italian-food-cuisine, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #restaurants, #roman-civilization, #rome-italy, #summer-season, #travel-and-vacations

In Alabama’s ‘19th Unnamed Cave,’ a Trove of Ancient Dark-Zone Art

Researchers using 3-D technology brought to light an array of art in an Alabama cave, including a serpent, flying creatures and humanoid figures in regalia.

#3-d-devices-and-effects, #alabama, #antiquity-journal, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #caves-and-caverns, #native-americans, #united-states-geological-survey, #university-of-tennessee

They Thought the Skulls Were Murder Victims’. They Were Off by Centuries.

Originally thought to be the remnants of gang killings, dozens of skulls found in a cave in southern Mexico are now believed to be from sacrificial killings more than 1,000 years ago.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bones, #caves-and-caverns, #chiapas-mexico, #mesoamerica, #skull-body-part, #smithsonian-institution

Mi’ilya, Christian Village in Israel, Digs Into Crusader Past

The residents of Mi’ilya long wondered what archaeological treasures lay beneath a crumbling castle. Now, some are excavating their homes to find out.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #byzantine-civilization, #crusades-christianity, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #israel, #khamisy-rabei, #miilya-israel

New DNA Analysis Supports an Unrecognized Tribe’s Ancient Roots in California

A collaboration between researchers and the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe offers new evidence that their ancestors have lived in the Bay Area for thousands of years.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #genetics-and-heredity, #muwekma-ohlone, #native-americans, #proceedings-of-the-national-academy-of-sciences, #research, #san-francisco-bay-area-calif, #stanford-university, #university-of-illinois-urbana-champaign, #your-feed-science

The Site Called ‘Machu Picchu’ Had Another Name First, Researchers Say

For decades, the ancient Incan ruins in Peru have been called Machu Picchu. But the original name was Picchu or Huayna Picchu, according to two researchers.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #huayna-picchu, #incas, #machu-picchu-peru, #names-personal, #peru, #university-of-chicago

The Wreck of an 1830s Whaler Offers a Glimpse of America’s Racial History

A shipwreck in the Gulf of Mexico is identified and the mystery of its multiracial crew’s fate unraveled.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #black-people, #gulf-of-mexico, #maritime-accidents-and-safety, #national-oceanic-and-atmospheric-administration, #native-americans, #race-and-ethnicity, #shipwrecks-historic, #whales-and-whaling

Human Migration Brought Maize to Maya Region, Study Finds

A new analysis of the DNA of the remains of ancient people in the jungles of Belize reveals that farming technology arrived from the south.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #belize, #mayans, #nature-communications-journal, #research, #your-feed-science

Pompeii Moves With the Times

The new leader of this 2,000-year-old archaeological treasure is examining gender, race and class while using technology to try and save the site from the ravages of climate change.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #global-warming, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #museums, #osanna-massimo, #pompeii-italy, #roman-civilization, #zuchtriegel-gabriel

Does This Amazon Rock Art Depict Extinct Ice Age Mammals?

The animals painted in ocher in Colombia may include giant ground sloths and other creatures that vanished from the Americas. But some researchers say the art has a more recent origin.

#amazon-jungle, #animals, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #art, #colombia, #endangered-and-extinct-species, #ice-age, #paleontology, #philosophical-transactions-of-the-royal-society-b-journal, #research, #sloths-animals, #your-feed-science

Roman Mosaics Point to Rowdy London District’s High-End Side

The discovery of the two mosaics in Southwark, across the Thames from the City of London, has been greeted by archaeologists as “exceptional.”

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #great-britain, #london-england, #museum-of-london, #roman-civilization

What Was Stonehenge For? The Answer Might Be Simpler Than You Thought.

Astronomical calculator? Spaceship landing pad? Shrine to the Earth Mother? An exhibition at the British Museum uses the latest research to look past outlandish theories.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #british-museum, #durrington-walls-england, #england, #museums, #stonehenge-england

A 2,700-Year-Old Figurine Revives a Weighty Mystery

A bronze statuette recovered from a river in Germany may have been part of an early Scandinavian weight system, some archaeologists believe.

#antiquity-journal, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #baltic-sea, #bronze-age, #germany, #praehistorische-zeitschrift-journal, #scandinavia, #sculpture, #weight, #your-feed-science

Europe Returns Ancestral Remains to Hawaii From Museums

A delegation from Hawaii is on a five-city tour to bring human remains home, some of thousands of such remnants in Europe taken from around the world.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #europe, #hawaii, #museums, #parzinger-hermann, #prussian-cultural-heritage-foundation

A Lawsuit Accuses Harvard of Ignoring Sexual Harassment by a Professor

The controversy surrounding John Comaroff, an anthropologist, has divided the faculty, with scholars like Jill Lepore and Henry Louis Gates Jr. supporting their colleague.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #colleges-and-universities, #farmer-paul-e, #gates-henry-louis-jr, #graduate-schools-and-students, #greenblatt-stephen, #halley-janet, #harvard-university, #john-comaroff, #kennedy-randall, #lepore-jill, #sexual-harassment, #suits-and-litigation-civil, #title-ix-gender-discrimination-legislation, #women-and-girls

Did the First Americans Arrive via Land Bridge? This Geneticist Says No.

In “Origin: A Genetic History of the Americas,” Jennifer Raff combines archaeology, genetics, linguistics and more to argue against a longstanding theory.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bones, #books-and-literature, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #indigenous-people, #origin-a-genetic-history-of-the-americas-book, #paleontology, #race-and-ethnicity, #raff-jennifer, #science-and-technology

New Research Tracks Ancient Artifacts Looted by the Nazis

Scholars are increasingly focusing attention on the seizure and excavation of antiquities from Greece and other countries by German forces during World War II.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #crete-greece, #evans-arthur-1851-1941, #greek-civilization, #himmler-heinrich, #hitler-adolf, #museums, #national-archaeological-museum-athens, #rosenberg-alfred-ernst-1893-1946, #world-war-ii-1939-45

The Kunga Was a Status Symbol Long Before the Thoroughbred

A new study finds the first known instance of a human-engineered hybrid, bred from a donkey and a Syrian wild ass 4,500 years ago.

#animals, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #biotechnology-and-bioengineering, #breeding-of-animals, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #donkeys, #horses, #research, #science-advances-journal, #your-feed-science

Prehistoric Rock Art ‘Irreparably Damaged’ by Vandals, Officials Say

Geometric rock carvings that are believed to be at least 3,000 years old were scratched with names and dates at Big Bend National Park in Texas.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #big-bend-national-park-tex, #graffiti, #national-parks-monuments-and-seashores, #parks-and-other-recreation-areas, #vandalism

‘Expedition Content’ Review: Anthropological Maneuvers in the Dark

An engrossing documentary looks back at a 1961 expedition to New Guinea and the creation of the landmark ethnographic film that resulted.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #dead-birds-movie, #documentary-films-and-programs, #expedition-content-movie, #gardner-robert-1925-2014, #indigenous-people, #indonesia, #karel-ernst, #kusumaryati-veronika, #new-guinea, #rockefeller-michael-c

Richard Leakey, Kenyan Fossil Hunter and Conservationist, Dies at 77

His discoveries of ancient human skulls and skeletons, including the famed “Turkana Boy,” helped cement Africa’s standing as the cradle of humanity.

#africa, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #deaths-obituaries, #endangered-and-extinct-species, #fossils, #kenya, #kenyatta-uhuru-muigai, #lake-turkana-kenya, #leakey-meave-g, #nairobi-kenya, #paleontology, #richard-leakey, #skull-body-part, #state-university-of-new-york-at-stony-brook, #turkana-basin-institute

Is That a Burning Bush? Is This Mt. Sinai? Solstice Bolsters a Claim

On the year’s shortest day, hundreds of Israelis ventured deep into the desert to witness a strange natural phenomenon atop an ancient pilgrimage site that some argue is where God spoke to Moses.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bible, #finkelstein-israel, #israel, #moses-prophet, #religion-and-belief, #sinai-peninsula-egypt

Helping to Reveal a Still-Shuttered World

Our weekly photo essay series offered readers a glimpse of distant places and cultures that, for a second straight year, remained largely inaccessible.

#alaska, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #brazil, #england, #glaciers, #global-warming, #greece, #greenland, #hebrides-islands-great-britain, #immigration-and-emigration, #india, #los-angeles-calif, #mongolia, #oaxaca-mexico, #papua-new-guinea, #photography, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #road-trips, #st-kilda-scotland, #travel-and-vacations, #ussr-former-soviet-union

Last Known Slave Ship, Clotilda, Is Remarkably Well Preserved, Researchers Say

DNA may be extracted from the Clotilda, which was sunk in the Mobile River in Alabama in 1860 after it arrived from West Africa carrying 110 enslaved people, researchers said.

#africatown-ala, #alabama, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #clotilda, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #mobile-ala, #national-register-of-historic-places, #raines-ben-h, #research, #shipwrecks-historic, #slavery-historical

3,000 Years Ago, Britain Got Half Its Genes From France, DNA Study Suggests

An extensive study of ancient DNA suggests that a wave of newcomers — and perhaps the first Celtic languages — crossed the English Channel three millenniums ago.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bronze-age, #dairy-products, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #england, #france, #genetics-and-heredity, #immigration-and-emigration, #kent-england, #language-and-languages, #nature-journal, #reich-david-e-1974, #your-feed-science

English Teenager Finds Bronze Age Ax Using a Metal Detector

On her third day out with a metal detector, Milly Hardwick, 13, found a hoard of items from more than 3,000 years ago. “We were just laughing our heads off,” she said.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bronze-age, #england, #hertfordshire-england, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #milly-hardwick, #museums, #tools

Prints Long Thought to Be Bear Tracks May Have Been Made by Human Ancestor

New research published in the journal Nature suggests that the prints, discovered in Tanzania in 1976, were left by an unidentified hominin, or early human ancestor, more than 3.6 million years ago.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #australopithecines, #evolution-biology, #nature-journal, #paleontology, #research

Vesuvius Victim May Shed Light on Ancient Rome

Archaeologists found the remains of a person buried at Herculaneum in the eruption of 79 A.D., and hope that with modern technology it will yield fresh insights.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #herculaneum-italy, #herculaneum-conservation-project, #italy, #mount-vesuvius-italy, #petrone-pier-paolo, #roman-civilization

A Thanksgiving History Lesson, in a Handful of Corn

The cornmeal that has become a staple of the holiday table reflects millenniums of work by Native Americans — a legacy that Indigenous people are trying to keep alive.

#agriculture-and-farming, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #corn, #indigenous-people, #native-americans, #pilgrims-plymouth-mass, #thanksgiving-day, #united-states

He Sold Away His People’s Heritage. He’s in the Jungle to Get It Back.

A Cambodian temple looter, who says more than 100 artifacts he stole are in museums around the world, is working to help reclaim them.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #cambodia, #content-type-personal-profile, #khmer-rouge, #latchford-douglas-a-j, #metropolitan-museum-of-art, #museums, #prasat-thom, #sleeping-giant, #thailand, #toek-tik

You Should See Her in a Crown. Now You Can See Her Face.

New research is solving mysteries linked to the La Almoloya burial site and revealing a genetic history of an ancient European people.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bronze-age, #face, #genetics-and-heredity, #men-and-boys, #research, #software, #spain, #women-and-girls, #your-feed-science

What Jared Diamond and Yuval Noah Harari Get Wrong About History

New research on humanity’s deep past holds lessons for the future.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #history-academic-subject, #politics-and-government

As Earth Warms, Human History Is Melting Away

Climate change is revealing long-frozen artifacts and animals to archaeologists. But the window for study is slender and shrinking.

#alaska, #alps-mountains, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #arctic-regions, #audio-neutral-immersive, #audio-neutral-informative, #austria, #chile, #endangered-and-extinct-species, #europe, #glaciers, #global-warming, #ice, #indigenous-people, #mammoths-animals, #mongolia, #norway, #paleontology, #siberia, #university-of-aberdeen, #yakutia-russia, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

‘The Dawn of Everything’ Aims to Rewrite the Story of our Shared Past

In “The Dawn of Everything,” the anthropologist David Graeber and the archaeologist David Wengrow aim to rewrite the story of our shared past — and future.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #books-and-literature, #david-wengrow, #farrar-strausgiroux, #graeber-david, #history, #the-dawn-of-everything-book

Ancient-DNA Researchers Set Ethical Guidelines for Their Work

New, international standards for handling ancient genetic material draw support from many scientists, criticism from others.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #genetics-and-heredity, #indigenous-people, #paleontology, #reich-david-e-1974, #research, #your-feed-science

Vikings Were in the Americas Exactly 1,000 Years Ago

By studying tree rings and using a dash of astrophysics, researchers have pinned down a precise year that settlers from Europe were on land that would come to be known as Newfoundland.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #canada, #carbon-dating, #nature-journal, #newfoundland-canada, #research, #space-and-astronomy, #vikings, #wood-and-wood-products, #your-feed-science

Can Skeletons Have a Racial Identity?

A growing number of forensic researchers are questioning how the field interprets the geographic ancestry of human remains.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bones, #forensic-science, #race-and-ethnicity, #skeletons, #skull-body-part, #your-feed-science

Diver Discovers 900-Year-Old Sword Dating to the Crusades

The sword, recovered off the coast of Israel, most likely belonged to a knight who fell into the sea or lost the weapon in battle, experts said.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #crusades-christianity, #diving-and-divers, #israel, #israel-antiquities-authority, #swords

Colonial Williamsburg Project Unearths Foundation of First Baptist Church

Since last year, archaeologists have been excavating the foundation of the First Baptist Church, one of the nation’s oldest Black churches, in Colonial Williamsburg.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #baptist-churches, #black-people, #colonial-williamsburg, #restoration-and-renovation, #slavery-historical, #virginia

Yale Says Its Vinland Map, Once Called a Medieval Treasure, Is Fake

For decades, researchers at Yale and elsewhere have questioned the authenticity of a map that seemed to reflect Viking travels to North America. The school now says the case is closed.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #europe, #forgery, #geography, #maps, #middle-ages-historical-period, #museums, #research, #vikings, #vinland-map, #yale-beinecke-rare-book-and-manuscript-library, #yale-university

World’s Most Dangerous Birds Were Raised by People 18,000 Years Ago

Researchers studying ancient cassowary egg shells in New Guinea found signs that the sharp-taloned bird was being domesticated.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #australia, #birds, #breeding-of-animals, #eggs, #new-guinea, #proceedings-of-the-national-academy-of-sciences, #research, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

Ancient Footprints Push Back Date of Human Arrival in the Americas

Human footprints found in New Mexico are about 23,000 years old, a study reported, suggesting that people may have arrived long before the Ice Age’s glaciers melted.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #geology, #glaciers, #ice-age, #new-mexico, #north-america, #paleontology, #research, #science-journal, #white-sands-national-monument-nm, #your-feed-science

Cave Featuring Native American Wall Art Is Sold to Anonymous Bidder

The cave, which sold for $2.2 million in St. Louis on Tuesday, is considered a sacred site by members of the Osage Nation. A tribal leader called the sale “heartbreaking.”

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #auctions, #caves-and-caverns, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #missouri, #native-americans

4,000-Year-Old Coffin Found in English Golf Course

Workers digging in a pond at the Tetney Golf Club discovered a waterlogged coffin containing the remains of a man who archaeologists said was buried about 4,000 years ago.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bronze-age, #coffins, #england, #fossils, #lincolnshire-england, #tetney-england, #tetney-golf-club-tetney-england

A Skeleton for Diplomacy: How a Plan to Reconcile France and Russia Collapsed

The remains of a Napoleonic general who died on a Russian battlefield came home in July. But the chance for rapprochement collapsed over concerns about Moscow’s policies.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bonaparte-napoleon, #france, #funerals-and-memorials, #gudin-charles-etienne-1768-1812, #macron-emmanuel-1977, #malinowski-pierre, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia

A Shifting Climate Gave Humans Many Opportunities to Leave Africa

A new paleoclimate model finds many favorable windows when Homo sapiens might have survived a migration out of Africa.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #cambridge-university, #manica-andrea, #nature-communications-journal, #paleontology, #your-feed-science