A.I. Is Not Sentient. Why Do People Say It Is?

Robots can’t think or feel, despite what the researchers who build them want to believe.

#altman-samuel-h, #artificial-intelligence, #cerebras-systems, #computers-and-the-internet, #deepmind-technologies-ltd, #google-inc, #internal-sub-only, #lemoine-blake, #mitchell-margaret-researcher

Algorithm That Detects Sepsis Cut Deaths by Nearly 20 Percent

Over two years, a machine-learning program warned thousands of health care providers about patients at high risk of sepsis, allowing them to begin treatments nearly two hours sooner

#artificial-intelligence, #health, #health-care, #technology

Robots Aren’t Done Reshaping Warehouses

The pace of automation has accelerated in the pandemic, as big players invest billions in their efforts to streamline how goods are sorted and shipped.

#artificial-intelligence, #emergingtech, #innovation, #labor-and-jobs, #prologis-inc, #real-estate-commercial, #robots-and-robotics, #warehouses

Google Engineer Claims AI Chatbot Is Sentient: Why That Matters

Is it possible for an artificial intelligence to be sentient?

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #consciousness, #mindbrain, #technology

AI Learns What an Infant Knows about the Physical World

A computer model simulating how objects react to physical forces approximates how babies understand their surroundings

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

Could Twitter Force Musk to Close the Deal? Here’s What We Know

Twitter is in a good position to sue under a legal doctrine called specific performance, which allows courts to force a transaction to be completed, even if one of the parties wants out.

#artificial-intelligence, #bp-plc, #computers-and-the-internet, #corporate-taxes, #law-and-legislation, #mergers-acquisitions-and-divestitures, #oil-petroleum-and-gasoline, #politics-and-government, #social-media, #state-legislatures, #taxation, #twitter, #workplace-hazards-and-violations

We Asked GPT-3 to Write an Academic Paper about Itself.–Then We Tried to Get It Published

An artificially intelligent first author presents many ethical questions—and could upend the publishing process

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

Who Is Liable when AI Kills?

We need to change rules and institutions while still promoting innovation to protect people from faulty AI

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

Schools Are Spending Billions on High-Tech Defense for Mass Shootings

The market for weapon detectors and crisis alert badges in schools is booming. But there are questions about whether the new technology is effective.

#artificial-intelligence, #baton-rouge-la, #cobb-county-ga, #computers-and-the-internet, #education-k-12, #evolv-inc, #marietta-ga, #mass-shootings, #scanning-devices, #school-shootings-and-armed-attacks, #security-and-warning-systems

How to get started with machine learning and AI

"It's a cookbook?!"

Enlarge / “It’s a cookbook?!” (credit: Aurich Lawson | Getty Images)

“Artificial Intelligence” as we know it today is, at best, a misnomer. AI is in no way intelligent, but it is artificial. It remains one of the hottest topics in industry and is enjoying a renewed interest in academia. This isn’t new—the world has been through a series of AI peaks and valleys over the past 50 years. But what makes the current flurry of AI successes different is that modern computing hardware is finally powerful enough to fully implement some wild ideas that have been hanging around for a long time.

Back in the 1950s, in the earliest days of what we now call artificial intelligence, there was a debate over what to name the field. Herbert Simon, co-developer of both the logic theory machine and the General Problem Solver, argued that the field should have the much more anodyne name of “complex information processing.” This certainly doesn’t inspire the awe that “artificial intelligence” does, nor does it convey the idea that machines can think like humans.

However, “complex information processing” is a much better description of what artificial intelligence actually is: parsing complicated data sets and attempting to make inferences from the pile. Some modern examples of AI include speech recognition (in the form of virtual assistants like Siri or Alexa) and systems that determine what’s in a photograph or recommend what to buy or watch next. None of these examples are comparable to human intelligence, but they show we can do remarkable things with enough information processing.

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#ai, #ai-ml, #artificial-intelligence, #biz-it, #dall-e, #feature, #features, #machine-learning, #machine-learning-tools, #models, #notebooks, #open-ai

It’s Not the Future We Can’t See

Possible U.F.O. sightings, A.I. breakthroughs and the Jan. 6 hearings all help us understand how hard it to grasp what is happening right in front of us.

#artificial-intelligence, #google-inc, #house-select-committee-to-investigate-the-january-6th-attack, #kelly-kevin-1952, #news-and-news-media, #storming-of-the-us-capitol-jan-2021, #unidentified-flying-objects-ufo

Musk to Attend Twitter All-Hands Meeting

Musk will attend a virtual all-hands meeting as his $44 billion acquisition of the company moves ahead, despite his hand-wringing about bots.

#abbott-laboratories, #appointments-and-executive-changes, #arm-holdings-plc, #artificial-intelligence, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #blackstone-group-the, #celsius-network-llc, #citigroup-inc, #computers-and-the-internet, #crown-resorts-ltd, #environmental-protection-agency, #federal-reserve-system, #infant-formulas, #interest-rates, #internal-storyline-no, #layoffs-and-job-reductions, #musk-elon, #regulation-and-deregulation-of-industry, #relocation-of-business, #social-media, #united-states, #workplace-hazards-and-violations

Google Sidelines Engineer Who Claims Its A.I. Is Sentient

Blake Lemoine, the engineer, says that Google’s language model has a soul. The company disagrees.

#artificial-intelligence, #blake-lemoine, #computers-and-the-internet, #discrimination, #gebru-timnit, #google-inc, #lecun-yann, #mitchell-margaret-researcher, #research, #walker-kent

AI Can Predict Potential Nutrient Deficiencies from Space

New work maps a region’s nutrient landscape

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#advances, #aerospace, #artificial-intelligence, #technology

Artificial General Intelligence Is Not as Imminent as You Might Think

A close look reveals that the newest systems, including DeepMind’s much-hyped Gato, are still stymied by the same old problems

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

Accused of Cheating by an Algorithm, and a Professor She Had Never Met

An unsettling glimpse at the digitization of education.

#artificial-intelligence, #broward-college, #cheating, #colleges-and-universities, #e-learning, #education-k-12, #florida, #honorlock-inc, #tests-and-examinations

Why Isn’t New Technology Making Us More Productive?

Innovations like cloud computing and artificial intelligence are hailed as engines of a coming productivity revival. But a broad payoff across the economy has been elusive.

#anthem-inc, #artificial-intelligence, #carmax-inc, #cloud-computing, #computers-and-the-internet, #productivity, #united-states-economy

We Shouldn’t Try to Make Conscious Software–Until We Should

Eventually, the most ethical option might be to divert all resources toward building very happy machines

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #computing, #consciousness, #ethics, #mindbrain, #social-sciences, #technology

Google’s I/O Conference Offers Modest Vision of the Future

Artificial intelligence is being woven into an array of the company’s products. But the change — for now — is subtle.

#artificial-intelligence, #cloud-computing, #computers-and-the-internet, #driverless-and-semiautonomous-vehicles, #google-inc, #microsoft-corp, #online-advertising, #pichai-sundar, #san-francisco-calif, #tablet-computers

How Language-Generation AIs Could Transform Science

An expert in emerging technologies warns that software designed to summarize, translate and write like humans might exacerbate distrust in science

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #ethics, #language, #social-sciences, #technology

Another Firing Among Google’s A.I. Brain Trust, and More Discord

The researchers are considered a key to the company’s future. But they have had a hard time shaking infighting and controversy over a variety of issues.

#alphabet-inc, #artificial-intelligence, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #dean-jeff-1968, #gebru-timnit, #google-inc, #mitchell-margaret-researcher, #pichai-sundar, #research

AI Sommelier Generates Wine Reviews without Ever Opening a Bottle

A new algorithm writes wine and beer reviews that sound like they were penned by human critics. Is that a good thing?

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #language, #technology

Which Animal Viruses Could Infect People? Computers Are Racing to Find Out.

Machine learning is known for its ability to spot fraudulent credit charges or recognize faces. Now researchers are siccing the technology on viruses.

#animals, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #data-mining-and-database-marketing, #disease-rates, #research, #your-feed-science

An Old-Fashioned Economic Tool Can Tame Pricing Algorithms

Left unchecked, pricing algorithms might unintentionally discriminate and collude to fix prices

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #economics, #inequality, #social-sciences, #technology

AI Drug Discovery Systems Might Be Repurposed to Make Chemical Weapons, Researchers Warn

A demonstration with drug design software shows the ease with which toxic molecules can be generated

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #defense, #technology

AIs Spot Drones with Help from a Fly Eye

A new bio-inspired algorithm picks out the signal from the noise

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#animals, #artificial-intelligence, #biology, #engineering, #technology

Can A.I. All but End Car Crashes? The Potential Is There.

Well before self-driving cars become a reality, there are simpler approaches that can make roads much safer.

#aispecialreport2022, #artificial-intelligence, #automobile-safety-features-and-defects, #deaths-fatalities, #driver-distraction-and-fatigue, #driverless-and-semiautonomous-vehicles, #roads-and-traffic, #traffic-accidents-and-safety

A.I. Is Mastering Language. Should We Trust What It Says?

OpenAI’s GPT-3 and other neural nets can now write original prose with mind-boggling fluency — a development that could have profound implications for the future.

#alphabet-inc, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #data-mining-and-database-marketing, #deepmind-technologies-ltd, #eno-brian, #facebook-inc, #language-and-languages, #musk-elon, #openai-labs, #software, #talese-gay, #writing-and-writers

How US and Ukrainian Groups Pierce Putin’s Propaganda Bubble

U.S.-backed news outlets and Ukrainian activists use Cold War techniques and high-tech tactics to get news about the war to Russians.

#artificial-intelligence, #censorship, #cold-war-era, #espionage-and-intelligence-services, #open-technology-fund, #propaganda, #putin-vladimir-v, #radio-free-europe-radio-liberty, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #war-and-armed-conflicts

Meet DALL-E, the A.I. That Draws Anything at Your Command

New technology that blends language and images could serve graphic artists — and speed disinformation campaigns.

#allen-institute-for-artificial-intelligence, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #openai-labs, #research

What AI Can Do for Climate Change, and What Climate Change Can Do for AI

To tackle the climate crisis, artificial intelligence is becoming more open and democratic

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #climate-change, #environment

Can A.I.-Driven Voice Analysis Help Identify Mental Disorders?

Early tests have been promising, but issues involving bias, privacy and mistrust of “black box” algorithms are possible pitfalls.

#aispecialreport2022, #anxiety-and-stress, #artificial-intelligence, #depression-mental, #mental-health-and-disorders, #psychology-and-psychologists, #telemedicine, #voice-recognition-systems

AI-Influenced Weapons Need Better Regulation

The weapons are error-prone and could hit the wrong targets

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

How Robots Can Assist Students With Disabilities

New tools use artificial intelligence to assist students with autism and dyslexia and address accessibility for those who are blind or deaf.

#aispecialreport2022, #artificial-intelligence, #autism, #deafness, #disabilities, #dyslexia, #learning-disabilities, #robots-and-robotics, #special-education

Helping A.I. to Learn About Indigenous Cultures

Data on Native communities are not at the levels needed for accuracy in A.I.-driven tools. A group is trying to solve that problem.

#aispecialreport2022, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #indigenous-people, #native-americans

Is Geometry a Language That Only Humans Know?

Neuroscientists are exploring whether shapes like squares and rectangles — and our ability to recognize them — are part of what makes our species special.

#animal-behavior, #animal-cognition, #artificial-intelligence, #brain, #computers-and-the-internet, #france, #language-and-languages, #mathematics, #monkeys-and-apes, #psychology-and-psychologists, #symbols, #your-feed-science

Are You Better Than a Machine at Spotting a Deepfake?

New research shows that detecting digital fakes generated by machine learning might be a job best done with humans still in the loop. 

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

‘No-Code’ Brings the Power of A.I. to the Masses

A growing number of new products allow anyone to apply artificial intelligence without having to write a line of computer code. Proponents believe the “no-code” movement will change the world.

#aispecialreport2022, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #data-mining-and-database-marketing, #deepmind-technologies-ltd, #openai-labs, #software

Can A.I. Help Casinos Cut Down on Problem Gambling?

The opportunities seem endless. The reality is much more complicated.

#aispecialreport2022, #artificial-intelligence, #casinos, #gambling, #regulation-and-deregulation-of-industry

Why Chatbots Are Becoming Smarter

Customer service chatbots may finally become more intelligent, more conversational and more helpful.

#aispecialreport2022, #anthem-inc, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #customer-relations, #general-motors, #international-business-machines-corporation, #text-messaging

Rashaad Newsome Pulls Out All the Stops

His protean “Assembly,” at the Park Avenue Armory, bridges art, technology, performance, workshops — and offers an A.I. Being who will teach you how to vogue.

#art, #artificial-intelligence, #assembly-exhibit, #black-people, #dancing, #newsome-rashaad, #park-avenue-armory-manhattan-ny, #race-and-ethnicity, #transgender-and-transsexuals

Who Is Behind QAnon? Linguistic Detectives Find Fingerprints

Using machine learning, separate teams of computer scientists identified the same two men as likely authors of messages that fueled the viral movement.

#artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #conspiracy-theories, #forensic-science, #furber-paul, #qanon, #right-wing-extremism-and-alt-right, #watkins-ron-1987-88

Humans Find AI-Generated Faces More Trustworthy Than the Real Thing

Viewers struggle to distinguish images of sophisticated machine-generated faces from actual humans

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #technology

AI Outraces Human Champs at the Video Game Gran Turismo

The program also challenges certain assumptions about self-driving cars

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #automobiles, #computing, #sports, #technology

The Sunday Read: ‘How A.I. Conquered Poker’

Good poker players have always known that they need to maintain a balance between bluffing and playing it straight. Now they can do so perfectly.

#artificial-intelligence, #audio-neutral-informative, #cards-and-card-games, #poker-card-game

Why Can’t We Pay Attention Anymore?

Two new books, Johann Hari’s “Stolen Focus” and Jacob Ward’s “The Loop,” examine the ways technology affects our brains.

#artificial-intelligence, #books-and-literature, #hari-johann, #psychology-and-psychologists, #science-and-technology, #stolen-focus-why-you-cant-pay-attention-and-how-to-think-deeply-again-book, #the-loop-how-technology-is-creating-a-world-without-choices-and-how-to-fight-back-book, #ward-jacob-1974

How Facebook Is Morphing Into Meta

Shifting a 68,000-person social networking company toward the theoretical metaverse has caused internal disruption and uncertainty.

#appointments-and-executive-changes, #artificial-intelligence, #augmented-reality-computers, #bosworth-andrew-1982, #computers-and-the-internet, #engineering-and-engineers, #facebook-inc, #hiring-and-promotion, #innovation, #instagram-inc, #labor-and-jobs, #meta-platforms-inc, #metaverse-internet, #oculus-vr-inc, #social-media, #software, #virtual-reality-computers, #wearable-computing

Lego Robot with an Organic ‘Brain’ Learns to Navigate a Maze

The neuromorphic computing device solved the puzzle by working like an animal brain would

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

#artificial-intelligence, #mindbrain, #neuroscience, #robotics, #technology

Why Is Silicon Valley Still Waiting for the Next Big Thing?

The tech industry has grown ever more rich off big ideas that were developed more than a decade ago. New things like quantum computing and self-driving cars could take a while.

#artificial-intelligence, #bosworth-andrew-1982, #computers-and-the-internet, #driverless-and-semiautonomous-vehicles, #google-inc, #innovation, #levie-aaron-w, #meta-platforms-inc, #mobile-applications, #quantum-computing, #research, #silicon-valley-calif, #uber-technologies-inc

Economists Pin More Blame on Tech for Rising Inequality

Recent research underlines the central role that automation has played in widening disparities.

#acemoglu-daron, #antitrust-laws-and-competition-issues, #artificial-intelligence, #computers-and-the-internet, #economics-theory-and-philosophy, #income-inequality, #innovation, #labor-and-jobs, #productivity, #united-states-economy, #wages-and-salaries