Syrian Refugees in Rebel Controlled Idlib Are Stuck in Limbo

Millions of people displaced during Syria’s 10-year war are impoverished, insecure and crowded into an area of the country’s northwest controlled by a rebel group once linked to Al Qaeda.

#assad-bashar-al, #civilian-casualties, #humanitarian-aid, #idlib-syria, #politics-and-government, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #syria, #terrorism, #war-and-armed-conflicts

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Criminal Inquiries Loom Over al-Assad’s Use of Chemical Arms in Syria

Investigations in France and Germany could lead to prosecutions of President Bashar al-Assad and members of his upper echelon over chemical weapons attacks, one of the Syrian war’s signature atrocities.

#assad-bashar-al, #assad-maher-al, #biological-and-chemical-warfare, #france, #germany, #open-society-justice-initiative, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #syria, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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What Is Universal Jurisdiction?

Universal jurisdiction, the idea that any nation’s courts can try people for atrocities committed anywhere, has gained as a tool of human rights lawyers battling impunity.

#assad-bashar-al, #courts-and-the-judiciary, #eichmann-adolf, #europe, #germany, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #liberia, #pinochet-ugarte-augusto, #switzerland, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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German Court Convicts Former Syrian Official of Crimes Against Humanity

Eyad al-Gharib, a former security officer, was sentenced to four and a half years in prison in a case that rights groups have hailed as a landmark.

#al-gharib-eyad, #assad-bashar-al, #germany, #syria, #torture, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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Having Won Syria’s War, al-Assad Is Mired in Economic Woes

After a decade of war, the biggest threat now to President Bashar al-Assad is an economic crisis. But at a recent meeting, he had no concrete solutions to his country’s extreme distress.

#assad-bashar-al, #bread, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #damascus-syria, #economic-conditions-and-trends, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #foreign-aid, #hair, #international-trade-and-world-market, #israel, #politics-and-government, #power-failures-and-blackouts, #syria, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-food-program

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Israel Secretly Agrees to Fund Vaccines for Syria as Part of Prisoner Swap

To secure the release of an Israeli civilian held in Syria, Israel agreed to finance a supply of Russian-made Covid-19 vaccines for Damascus, an official said.

#assad-bashar-al, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #defense-and-military-forces, #hamas, #israel, #netanyahu-benjamin, #syria, #vaccination-and-immunization

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Turkish Forces in Syria Protect 5 Million People

Three years ago, Turkey’s intervention in Syria was widely criticized. But today Turkish forces are all that protect five million vulnerable people.

#afrin-syria, #akar-hulusi, #assad-bashar-al, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #civilian-casualties, #defense-and-military-forces, #erdogan-recep-tayyip, #free-syrian-army, #humanitarian-aid, #idlib-syria, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #kurds, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #turkey, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #war-and-armed-conflicts

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What We Learned From Mubarak

Regimes that muzzle their people’s voices eventually push people into venting their frustrations from muzzles of a different sort.

#assad-bashar-al, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #blinken-antony-j, #egypt, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #khamenei-ali, #lebanon, #libya, #middle-east-and-north-africa-unrest-2010, #mubarak-hosni, #putin-vladimir-v, #qaddafi-muammar-el

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A Decade After the Arab Spring, Autocrats Still Rule the Mideast

The popular uprisings of 2011 mostly failed, but they gave the region a taste for democracy that continues to whet an appetite for change.

#assad-bashar-al, #bahrain, #ben-ali-zine-el-abidine, #cairo-egypt, #iran, #iraq, #jordan, #lebanon, #middle-east, #middle-east-and-north-africa-unrest-2010, #mubarak-hosni, #muslim-brotherhood-egypt, #muslims-and-islam, #nahyan-mohamed-bin-zayed-al-1961, #obama-barack, #politics-and-government, #qaddafi-muammar-el, #russia, #saudi-arabia, #sudan, #syria, #tahrir-square-cairo, #trump-donald-j, #tunisia, #turkey, #united-arab-emirates, #united-states, #united-states-international-relations, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #yemen

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Syria Seeks Return of Refugees, but They Fear Leader’s Wrath

President Bashar al-Assad said the millions of citizens who fled during the war have been blocked from coming back. But he left out the main reason they are staying away: Mr. al-Assad himself.

#assad-bashar-al, #damascus-syria, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #european-union, #lebanon, #middle-east, #middle-east-and-africa-migrant-crisis, #politics-and-government, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #syria, #turkey, #united-nations-high-commission-for-refugees, #war-and-armed-conflicts

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Trump’s Sanctions on International Court May Do Little Beyond Alienating Allies

Critics say the administration has targeted a human rights lawyer with economic penalties meant for warlords, dictators and authoritarian governments.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #assad-bashar-al, #bensouda-fatou, #bolton-john-r, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #european-union, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #international-criminal-court, #khashoggi-jamal, #mohammed-bin-salman-1985, #national-security-council, #netanyahu-benjamin, #palestinian-authority, #pompeo-mike, #trump-donald-j, #united-nations, #united-states-international-relations, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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U.S. Commandos Use Secretive Missiles to Kill Qaeda Leaders in Syria

The specially designed missiles use sharp blades and blunt force, rather than explosive warheads, to kill terrorist leaders.

#al-nusra-front, #al-qaeda, #assad-bashar-al, #civilian-casualties, #defense-and-military-forces, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #hurras-al-din, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #khorasan, #missiles-and-missile-defense-systems, #national-counterterrorism-center, #obama-barack, #syria, #syrian-observatory-for-human-rights, #targeted-killings, #terrorism, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-special-operations-command, #zawahri-ayman-al

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Trump’s Syria Sanctions ‘Cannot Solve the Problem,’ Critics Say

Without a broader diplomatic effort, the newest and toughest penalties will worsen a humanitarian crisis without forcing a leadership change, experts say.

#assad-bashar-al, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #humanitarian-aid, #national-security-council, #norwegian-refugee-council, #office-of-foreign-assets-control-united-states-treasury, #pompeo-mike, #state-department, #syria, #treasury-department, #trump-donald-j, #united-nations, #united-states-international-relations

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The Next Global Flash Point

In the Eastern Mediterranean, the West has retreated. That leaves Turkey and Russia to fill the vacuum.

#al-qaeda, #assad-bashar-al, #defense-and-military-forces, #erdogan-recep-tayyip, #european-council-on-foreign-relations, #european-union, #foreign-workers, #hifter-khalifa, #international-relations, #macron-emmanuel-1977, #mercenaries-and-private-military-contractors, #muslim-brotherhood-egypt, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #trump-donald-j

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Trump’s Wag-the-Dog War

The president is looking for a dangerous domestic enemy to fight.

#assad-bashar-al, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #journal-of-democracy, #politics-and-government, #presidential-election-of-2020, #syria, #trump-donald-j, #united-states

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With a U.N. Veto, Russia and China Add to Syria’s Misery

Moscow and Beijing are callously restricting humanitarian aid to Syria’s suffering civilians as part of their campaign to prop up Bashar al-Assad.

#assad-bashar-al, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #humanitarian-aid, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #syria, #united-nations, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #xi-jinping

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‘Strategic Empathy’: How Biden’s Informal Diplomacy Shaped Foreign Relations

President Trump is attacking his record on China. But for Mr. Biden, it’s part of a long history of befriending and sometimes confronting world leaders.

#assad-bashar-al, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #brezhnev-leonid-i, #china, #deng-xiaoping, #elizabeth-ii-queen-of-great-britain, #erdogan-recep-tayyip, #havel-vaclav, #mandela-nelson, #milosevic-slobodan, #netanyahu-benjamin, #presidential-election-of-2020, #putin-vladimir-v, #qaddafi-muammar-el, #trump-donald-j, #united-states, #vice-presidents-and-vice-presidency-us, #xi-jinping, #zardari-asif-ali

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Victor in Syria’s War, Bashar al-Assad Faces Economic Meltdown

As Syria’s economy implodes and its currency collapses, President Bashar al-Assad faces threats he cannot bomb his way out of.

#assad-bashar-al, #assets-frozen, #damascus-syria, #defense-and-military-forces, #economic-conditions-and-trends, #embargoes-and-sanctions, #politics-and-government, #syria, #treasury-department, #united-states-international-relations

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His Family Fled Syria. He Didn’t Cry Until He Heard About His Sisters.

Yousef was just 13 when his family left Syria for Europe. Five years later, he’s adjusting to life separated from his three sisters and the ups and downs of adolescence.

#assad-bashar-al, #malek-alia-1974, #middle-east-and-africa-migrant-crisis, #netherlands, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #syria

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ISIS Prisoners Threaten U.S. Mission in Northeastern Syria

Overcrowded, makeshift prisons and camps and fears of Covid-19 have led to two riots by hardened fighters.

#assad-bashar-al, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #defense-and-military-forces, #defense-department, #detainees, #international-committee-of-the-red-cross, #iraq, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #kobani-mazlum, #kurds, #mckenzie-kenneth-f, #syria, #syrian-democratic-forces, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j

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Idlib Was Their Last Refuge. They Couldn’t Hide From the Bombs.

Millions of Syrians have fled to Idlib Province seeking safety. During a rare reporting trip, The Times found that President Bashar al-Assad and his Russian allies are still bombing them.

#assad-bashar-al, #defense-and-military-forces, #russia, #syria

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Germany Takes Rare Step in Putting Syrian Officers on Trial in Torture Case

Activists have described the case, which involves charges of crimes against humanity in the early stages of the Syrian civil war, as a first, limited step toward justice.

#assad-bashar-al, #germany, #international-criminal-court, #syria, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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