After 11 years of war, Syria has become a cautionary example of what can happen in a conflict with no end in sight, like the one that began 100 days ago in Ukraine.
Countries in Europe and the Middle East could see a new surge in refugees if Russia shuts down the last humanitarian convoy route into Syria.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says Turkey will build homes, schools, hospitals and more in northern Syria, but experts question whether refugees will return willingly.
We can’t afford to repeat our mistakes in Syria.
All three countries are navigating fraught relationships with the Biden administration amid the quickly changing geopolitical landscape precipitated by Russia’s war on Ukraine.
Readers urge actions to address the refugee and food crises caused by the Ukraine war. Also: Russian soldiers; essential workers; prison time; donating ties.
It was the long-shunned Syrian leader’s first trip to an Arab country since his nation’s civil war erupted in 2011.
Two sites have been located, believed to hold thousands of bodies of Syrians killed in detention centers administered by President Bashar al-Assad’s government during the civil war.
Syria, with Russian support, used many of the brutal tactics now seen in Ukraine — and its dictator stayed in power. That conflict offers lessons for Russia’s leader, analysts say.
International bodies and nations appear to have either forgiven, forgotten or chosen to ignore the reasons Syria was cast out from their community.
The first time anyone from the Syrian regime is judged guilty of its crimes is in a German court. What justice does it bring to Syrians?
The charges against Alaa Mousa include torturing opponents of the Assad regime in military hospitals in Syria, and murdering at least one by lethal injection.
A German court found a former Syrian intelligence officer guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced him to life in prison — a first after a decade of war.
Powerful associates of Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad, are making and selling captagon, an illegal amphetamine, creating a new narcostate on the Mediterranean.
Iran has not acknowledged the attack, but U.S. and Israeli officials said it was retaliation for Israeli airstrikes, drawing the U.S. into Iran’s shadow war with Israel.
The sentences shocked rights groups, who saw it as a move by President Bashar al-Assad to appear tough after a crisis that hurt his loyalists.
President Bashar al-Assad has tightened his grip on Damascus, but the attack suggested that militants who oppose him can still do harm.
Arab countries are gradually restoring ties with Syria, but its president remains mired in crises he can’t escape.
Millions of people displaced during Syria’s 10-year war are impoverished, insecure and crowded into an area of the country’s northwest controlled by a rebel group once linked to Al Qaeda.
Investigations in France and Germany could lead to prosecutions of President Bashar al-Assad and members of his upper echelon over chemical weapons attacks, one of the Syrian war’s signature atrocities.
Universal jurisdiction, the idea that any nation’s courts can try people for atrocities committed anywhere, has gained as a tool of human rights lawyers battling impunity.
Eyad al-Gharib, a former security officer, was sentenced to four and a half years in prison in a case that rights groups have hailed as a landmark.
After a decade of war, the biggest threat now to President Bashar al-Assad is an economic crisis. But at a recent meeting, he had no concrete solutions to his country’s extreme distress.
To secure the release of an Israeli civilian held in Syria, Israel agreed to finance a supply of Russian-made Covid-19 vaccines for Damascus, an official said.
Three years ago, Turkey’s intervention in Syria was widely criticized. But today Turkish forces are all that protect five million vulnerable people.
Regimes that muzzle their people’s voices eventually push people into venting their frustrations from muzzles of a different sort.
The popular uprisings of 2011 mostly failed, but they gave the region a taste for democracy that continues to whet an appetite for change.
President Bashar al-Assad said the millions of citizens who fled during the war have been blocked from coming back. But he left out the main reason they are staying away: Mr. al-Assad himself.
Critics say the administration has targeted a human rights lawyer with economic penalties meant for warlords, dictators and authoritarian governments.
The specially designed missiles use sharp blades and blunt force, rather than explosive warheads, to kill terrorist leaders.
Without a broader diplomatic effort, the newest and toughest penalties will worsen a humanitarian crisis without forcing a leadership change, experts say.
In the Eastern Mediterranean, the West has retreated. That leaves Turkey and Russia to fill the vacuum.
The president is looking for a dangerous domestic enemy to fight.
Moscow and Beijing are callously restricting humanitarian aid to Syria’s suffering civilians as part of their campaign to prop up Bashar al-Assad.
President Trump is attacking his record on China. But for Mr. Biden, it’s part of a long history of befriending and sometimes confronting world leaders.
As Syria’s economy implodes and its currency collapses, President Bashar al-Assad faces threats he cannot bomb his way out of.
Yousef was just 13 when his family left Syria for Europe. Five years later, he’s adjusting to life separated from his three sisters and the ups and downs of adolescence.
Overcrowded, makeshift prisons and camps and fears of Covid-19 have led to two riots by hardened fighters.
Millions of Syrians have fled to Idlib Province seeking safety. During a rare reporting trip, The Times found that President Bashar al-Assad and his Russian allies are still bombing them.
Activists have described the case, which involves charges of crimes against humanity in the early stages of the Syrian civil war, as a first, limited step toward justice.