Martha White, 99, Dies; Before Rosa Parks, She Sparked a Bus Boycott

The 1953 protest in Baton Rouge, triggered by her ejection from a bus for sitting in a “whites only” section, became a template for Martin Luther King.

#baton-rouge-la, #black-people, #boycotts, #buses, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #white-martha-1922-2021

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John M. Patterson, Segregationist Alabama Governor, Dies at 99

He welcomed the Klan and refused to integrate schools, forging a path that would be followed by Gov. George C. Wallace.

#alabama, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #john-m-patterson, #ku-klux-klan, #national-assn-for-the-advancement-of-colored-people, #segregation-and-desegregation, #wallace-george-c

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Lee Evans, Olympic Runner Who Protested Racism, Dies at 74

One of several Black athletes who had threatened to boycott the 1968 Summer Games, he won two gold medals, then raised his fist at the presentation ceremony.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #evans-lee, #mexico-city-mexico, #olympic-games-1968, #race-and-ethnicity, #running, #track-and-field

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Recasting ‘Riots’ as Black Rebellions

“America on Fire,” by the Yale University scholar Elizabeth Hinton, connects the unrest of the civil rights era to shifts in social policy authorizing aggressive police tactics whose destructive repercussions are evident today.

#america-on-fire-the-untold-history-of-police-violence-and-black-rebellion-since-the-1960s-book, #black-lives-matter-movement, #books-and-literature, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #hinton-elizabeth-k-1983, #police-brutality-misconduct-and-shootings, #race-and-ethnicity

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The Twists and Turns of Black History

In different ways, three new books guide readers through the long struggle for equal rights.

#black-people, #bond-julian, #books-and-literature, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #holt-thomas-c-1942, #horowitz-pamela-1946, #julian-bonds-time-to-teach-a-history-of-the-southern-civil-rights-movement-book, #masur-kate, #the-movement-the-african-american-struggle-for-civil-rights-book, #theoharis-jeanne, #united-states, #until-justice-be-done-americas-first-civil-rights-movement-from-the-revolution-to-reconstruction-book

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Winfred Rembert, 75, Dies; Turned Painful Memories Into Art

Decades after nearly being lynched in rural Georgia, he began recreating vivid scenes from his life by carving figures into leather.

#art, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #lynching, #race-and-ethnicity, #rembert-winfred, #segregation-and-desegregation

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‘Traveling Black,’ a Look at the Civil Rights Movement in Motion

Mia Bay’s history recounts how modes of transportation first seen as possible escapes from degradation and danger succumbed to the stubborn forces of segregation.

#bay-mia, #black-people, #books-and-literature, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #segregation-and-desegregation, #transportation, #traveling-black-a-story-of-race-and-resistance-book, #united-states

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Shelia Washington Dies at 61; Helped Exonerate Scottsboro Boys

She fought for decades to get their names cleared from an egregious injustice in the Jim Crow South, and created a museum in their honor.

#alabama, #amnesties-commutations-and-pardons, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #scottsboro-boys, #scottsboro-boys-museum-and-cultural-center-scottsboro-ala, #washington-shelia-1960-2021

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Sheila Washington Dies at 61; Helped Exonerate Scottsboro Boys

She fought for decades to get their names cleared from an egregious injustice in the Jim Crow South, and created a museum in their honor.

#alabama, #amnesties-commutations-and-pardons, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #scottsboro-boys, #scottsboro-boys-museum-and-cultural-center-scottsboro-ala, #washington-sheila-1960-2021

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Henry Louis Gates Jr. on African-American Religion

Gates’s “The Black Church” recounts the foundational role of religion in the history of Black America.

#black-people, #books-and-literature, #christians-and-christianity, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #douglass-frederick, #du-bois-w-e-b, #gates-henry-louis-jr, #king-martin-luther-jr, #malcolm-x, #the-black-church-this-is-our-story-this-is-our-song-book

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Naomi Levine, Lawyer Who Helped Transform N.Y.U., Dies at 97

She thrived in a profession where she found herself mostly surrounded by men, taking on leadership roles and helping to turn New York University into a top-tier institution.

#american-jewish-congress, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #colleges-and-universities, #deaths-obituaries, #jews-and-judaism, #legal-profession, #levine-naomi, #new-york-university, #women-and-girls

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Can a Comic Book Contain the Drama and Heat of Activism?

In his Graphic Content column, Ed Park looks at “The Black Panther Party,” a new history of the group, and “Come Home, Indio,” a memoir about growing up part Native American.

#anderson-marcus-kwame, #black-panther-party, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #come-home-indio-book, #comic-books-and-strips, #content-type-personal-profile, #native-americans, #newton-huey-p, #seale-bobby, #terry-jim-author, #the-black-panther-party-book, #walker-david-f-1968

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Three Women Who Helped Their Sons Become Civil Rights Icons

In “The Three Mothers,” Anna Malaika Tubbs considers the seismic impact of the women who raised Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X and James Baldwin.

#baldwin-james-1924-87, #black-people, #books-and-literature, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #king-martin-luther-jr, #malcolm-x, #parenting, #the-three-mothers-how-the-mothers-of-martin-luther-king-jr-malcolm-x-and-james-baldwin-shaped-a-nation-book, #tubbs-anna-malaika, #united-states, #women-and-girls

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The Real Rosa Parks Story Is Better Than the Fairy Tale

The way we talk about her covers up uncomfortable truths about American racism.

#alabama, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #claudette-colvin, #colleges-and-universities, #gray-fred, #montgomery-ala, #parks-rosa, #race-and-ethnicity, #united-states

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How We Celebrate Black Heroes Can Obscure How Change Happens

Every year for a month, we celebrate the heroes of Black history. But these stories can obscure how change happens and who gets left behind.

#black-history-continued-2021, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #discrimination, #race-and-ethnicity, #united-states

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Historical Montages as Black Culture, Pride and Folkore

The cut-and-paste montages of Black historical figures watching over successful Black Americans serve as folklore to a community clinging to their heroes.

#art, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #desus-nice-1983, #harris-kamala-d, #national-museum-of-african-american-history-and-culture, #united-states-politics-and-government, #your-feed-fashion

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Hank Aaron Interview: ‘I Recognized That I Had a Gift’

No matter what happened in America, his greatness still shone.

#aaron-hank, #atlanta-ga, #atlanta-braves, #baseball, #black-people, #carter-jimmy, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #discrimination, #federal-bureau-of-investigation, #king-martin-luther-jr, #milwaukee-braves, #negro-league

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Traveling With a Purpose: For Some, It’s a 2021 Resolution

The crises of 2020, particularly the pandemic and violence against Black Americans, have caused many travelers to rethink how and where to travel.

#bicycles-and-bicycling, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #road-trips, #travel-and-vacations

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Trump’s 1776 Commission Critiques Liberalism in Report Derided by Historians

The report charges that Americans are being indoctrinated with a false narrative of the nation’s founding and identity, including the role of slavery in its history.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #conservatism-us-politics, #liberalism-us-politics, #slavery-historical, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government

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A Message From Martin Luther King Jr.’s Son

If he saw the issues of poverty and income inequality that exist today, he would be greatly disappointed.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #discrimination, #income-inequality, #king-martin-luther-jr, #poverty, #race-and-ethnicity

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The Words of Martin Luther King Jr. Reverberate in a Tumultuous Time

Dr. King’s speeches have particular resonance today amid a year of sickness and death, Black Lives Matter protests and the storming of the Capitol.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #georgia, #gray-fred, #king-martin-luther-jr, #poor-peoples-campaign-coalition, #race-and-ethnicity

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The Youthful Movement That Made Martin Luther King Jr.

In this moment made so dark by white nationalism and truth denial, Americans should look to the country’s legacy of young leaders with forward-thinking wisdom.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #discrimination, #elections, #king-martin-luther-jr, #race-and-ethnicity, #united-states-politics-and-government, #voter-registration-and-requirements

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Celebrating King the Activist (Not Just the Dreamer) in Art

A digital tribute to the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. joins seven Brooklyn-based artists, and BAM.

#adams-derrick-artist, #armstrong-alvin-artist, #art, #barrayn-laylah-amatullah, #black-people, #brooklyn-nyc, #brooklyn-academy-of-music, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #cruz-lizania-artist, #king-martin-luther-jr, #rasheed-kameelah-janan, #signs-and-signage, #thomas-hank-willis, #wahi-jasmine

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Sam Pollard and ‘MLK/FBI’: The Filmmaker as Historian

Whether working on his own projects or others like “Eyes on the Prize II” and “4 Little Girls,” the multihyphenate artist has built a monumental career examining America.

#4-little-girls-movie, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #content-type-personal-profile, #documentary-films-and-programs, #mlk-fbi-movie, #pollard-sam-filmmaker, #united-states, #when-the-levees-broke-movie

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‘MLK/FBI’ Review: King, Hoover and the Tale of the Tape

Sam Pollard’s fascinating documentary chronicles the F.B.I. director’s obsession with the private life and political affiliations of the civil rights leader.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #documentary-films-and-programs, #garrow-david-j, #king-martin-luther-jr, #mlk-fbi-movie, #pollard-sam-filmmaker

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What Unity?

Some argue that impeachment is divisive. That’s fine with me.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #house-of-representatives, #newtown-conn-shooting-2012, #nineteenth-amendment-us-constitution, #republican-party, #september-11-2001, #united-states, #united-states-politics-and-government

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How Martin Luther King Jr.’s Imprisonment Changed American Politics Forever

Stephen and Paul Kendrick’s “Nine Days” recounts a brief episode of the civil rights movement that had a surprisingly lasting impact.

#books-and-literature, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #georgia, #kendrick-paul-1983, #kendrick-stephen-author, #kennedy-john-fitzgerald, #king-coretta-scott, #king-martin-luther-jr, #nine-days-the-race-to-save-martin-luther-king-jr-s-life-and-win-the-1960-election-book, #nixon-richard-milhous, #presidential-election-of-1960, #united-states-politics-and-government

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The History Behind ‘Mob’ Mentality

Why do some mass gatherings turn violent? Experts in crowd behavior say there’s still much to learn.

#capitol-building-washington-dc, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #sociology, #storming-of-the-us-capitol-jan-2021

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I Desegregated the University of Georgia. History Is Still in the Making.

The duty to remember our country’s history belongs to all Americans.

#black-people, #bridges-ruby, #brown-v-board-of-education-supreme-court-decision, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #colleges-and-universities, #discrimination, #georgia, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states, #university-of-georgia

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Has Georgia Reached a Turning Point for Democrats? The Senate Is at Stake

The growth of the Atlanta area and the efforts to protect African-Americans’ voting rights have transformed the state’s political landscape.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #democratic-party, #elections-senate, #georgia, #loeffler-kelly-l, #ossoff-jon, #perdue-david-a-jr, #presidential-election-of-2020, #republican-party, #senate, #suburbs, #talmadge-eugene, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government, #warnock-raphael-g

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For a Civil Rights Hero, 90, a New Battle Unfolds on His Childhood Street

Before he defended Rosa Parks and became a leading legal force, Fred Gray grew up on an avenue named for Jefferson Davis in Montgomery, Ala. Now a push is underway for a new name for the street: Mr. Gray’s.

#alabama, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #confederate-states-of-america, #fines-penalties, #gray-fred-d, #montgomery-ala, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #names-geographical, #reed-steven-l, #whites

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William Winter, Reform-Minded Mississippi Governor, Dies at 97

In his single term, he fought to improve his state’s education system. He later threw himself into civil rights work.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #democratic-party, #education-k-12, #mississippi, #politics-and-government, #segregation-and-desegregation, #winter-william-f

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M.L.B.’s Records Were Never Real. But the Racism Was. Ask Satchel Paige.

Major League Baseball’s plan to formally recognize the Negro League exposes the ugliness that has existed all along.

#baseball, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #major-league-baseball, #negro-league, #orosco-jesse, #race-and-ethnicity, #statistics, #united-states

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Jean Graetz, White Supporter of Civil Rights in Alabama, Dies at 90

With her husband, Robert, Mrs. Graetz became a friend of Rosa Parks and supported the Montgomery bus boycott, despite threats to her life.

#black-people, #boycotts, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #graetz-jean-1929-2020, #graetz-robert-s, #montgomery-ala, #parks-rosa

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Cliff Joseph, Artist, Activist and Therapist, Dies at 98

After agitating for the inclusion of Black artists in New York museums, he helped introduce a multicultural perspective to the field of art therapy.

#art, #art-therapy, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #joseph-cliff-1922-2020, #new-york-city, #race-and-ethnicity, #therapy-and-rehabilitation

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Why Did Racial Progress Stall in America?

The answer may show us the path out of our fractured and polarized present.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #reconstruction-era, #segregation-and-desegregation, #the-upswing-how-america-came-together-a-century-ago-and-how-we-can-do-it-again-book

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Biden Wants America to Lead the World. It Shouldn’t.

U.S. “leadership” is a favorite trope of the foreign policy establishment. It’s outdated and dangerous.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #blinken-antony-j, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #international-relations, #nuclear-weapons, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-economy, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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Even From the Desert, Danny Lyon Still Speaks to the Streets

The indefatigable photographer on the struggles of getting his new film to the next generation of activists.

#american-blood-selected-writings-1961-2020-book, #aperture-foundation, #art, #books-and-literature, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #content-type-personal-profile, #documentary-films-and-programs, #frank-robert, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #lewis-john-r, #lyon-danny, #photography, #sncc-movie, #student-nonviolent-coordinating-committee-sncc, #the-destruction-of-lower-manhattan-book

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Hidden in Plain Sight: The Ghosts of Segregation

Vestiges of racism and oppression, from bricked-over segregated entrances to the forgotten sites of racial violence, still permeate much of America’s built environment.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #photography, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states

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Racism Impoverishes the Whole Economy

While the targets unquestionably suffer the most, denying people equal opportunities diminishes the finances of millions of Americans.

#bell-laboratories, #black-people, #boards-of-directors, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #colleges-and-universities, #discrimination, #education-k-12, #forbes-magazine, #gross-domestic-product, #hispanic-americans, #income-inequality, #innovation, #inventions-and-patents, #michigan-state-university, #minorities, #musk-elon, #race-and-ethnicity, #research, #scholarships-and-fellowships, #small-business-administration, #united-states-economy, #venture-capital, #wages-and-salaries, #women-and-girls

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Teaching Racial Justice Isn’t Racial Justice

There is a place for education in the fight against racism, but we shouldn’t confuse it for the fight itself.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #colleges-and-universities

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The Challenge of Black Patriotism

For Black Americans, loving the country and criticizing it have always been inseparable — something other Americans have often struggled to understand.

#black-lives-matter-movement, #black-people, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #discrimination, #george-floyd-protests-2020, #presidential-election-of-2020, #united-states-national-anthem-protests-2016

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Disappearance and Death of Louisiana Teen Raises Questions About Police Response

Quawan Charles was found dead in a field in rural Louisiana days after he had vanished. Now his family is asking whether his death could have been prevented with a faster response.

#amber-alert, #autopsies, #black-people, #children-and-childhood, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #gofundme, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #louisiana, #missing-persons, #photography, #race-and-ethnicity, #search-and-seizure

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Before ‘I Have a Dream,’ Martin Luther King Almost Died. This Man Saved Him.

The untold story of the patrolman who took charge when the civil rights leader was stabbed in Harlem.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #curry-izola-ware-1916-2015, #harlem-manhattan-ny, #king-martin-luther-jr, #police-department-nyc

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Harry Belafonte: Trump Is Standing in Our Way

If the president wins again, we have so much more to lose.

#black-lives-matter-movement, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #george-floyd-protests-2020, #police-brutality-misconduct-and-shootings, #presidential-election-of-2020, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government

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Black Art and Poetry Elevate a Tribute to Civil Rights Leaders

In “The Baptism,” Carrie Mae Weems and Carl Hancock Rux find an abstract, elegiac voice in their video honoring John Lewis and C.T. Vivian.

#art, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #lewis-john-r, #lincoln-center-for-the-performing-arts, #poetry-and-poets, #rux-carl-hancock, #the-baptism-movie, #vivian-cordy-tindell, #weems-carrie-mae

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Joe Biden’s Non-Radical 1960s

Trump has called Biden a tool of leftist agitators. Friends say that has never much been his way, even as a young man surrounded by protest.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #black-people, #careers-and-professions, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #content-type-personal-profile, #delaware, #democratic-party, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #nineteen-hundred-sixties, #presidential-election-of-2020, #race-and-ethnicity, #syracuse-university, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government, #university-of-delaware, #vietnam-war

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In Louisville, Looking to Protests of the Past to Move Forward

Protesters of Breonna Taylor’s death are drawing on the city’s robust, if overlooked, history of civil rights struggle that has spanned generations.

#black-lives-matter-movement, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #george-floyd-protests-2020, #louisville-ky, #taylor-breonna-1993-2020

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Church That Hosted Emmett Till’s Funeral Is Designated ‘Endangered’

Roberts Temple Church of God in Christ in Chicago, where thousands paid their respects to the murdered teenager in 1955, was placed on a new list of endangered historic places in the United States.

#black-people, #chicago-ill, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #funerals-and-memorials, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #mississippi, #mobley-mamie, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #national-trust-for-historic-preservation, #till-emmett-louis

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Robert S. Graetz, Rare White Minister to Back Bus Boycott, Dies at 92

The Rev. Robert S. Graetz resisted the menacing of the Ku Klux Klan and isolation among fellow clergymen to be an unbowed voice for desegregation among white people in Alabama.

#civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #graetz-robert-s, #ministers-protestant, #montgomery-ala, #parks-rosa

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