Biden Administration Moves to Unkink Supply Chain Bottlenecks

A swath of recommendations calls for more investments, new supply chains and less reliance on other countries for crucial goods.

#alternative-and-renewable-energy, #american-rescue-plan-2021, #batteries, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #china, #computer-chips, #coronavirus-aid-relief-and-economic-security-act-2020, #electric-and-hybrid-vehicles, #energy-department, #factories-and-manufacturing, #health-and-human-services-department, #international-trade-and-world-market, #lithium-metal, #office-of-the-united-states-trade-representative, #rare-earths, #shortages, #united-states-economy, #united-states-politics-and-government

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Global Shortages During Coronavirus Reveal Failings of Just in Time Manufacturing

Global shortages of many goods reflect the disruption of the pandemic combined with decades of companies limiting their inventories.

#automobiles, #calvin-klein-inc, #computer-chips, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #executive-compensation, #factories-and-manufacturing, #ford-henry, #intel-corporation, #international-trade-and-world-market, #mckinseyco, #nike-inc, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #ships-and-shipping, #shutdowns-institutional, #stock-buybacks, #stockpiling, #stocks-and-bonds, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #toyota-motor-corp, #united-states-economy

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Senate Weighs Investing $120 Billion in Science to Counter China

The legislation has drawn bipartisan support amid the coronavirus pandemic as Democrats and Republicans have become increasingly concerned about Beijing’s supply chain dominance.

#china, #computer-chips, #energy-department, #factories-and-manufacturing, #innovation, #labor-and-jobs, #laboratories-and-scientific-equipment, #law-and-legislation, #manchin-joe-iii, #national-aeronautics-and-space-administration, #research, #scholarships-and-fellowships, #semiconductor-industry-assn, #senate, #shortages, #united-states-politics-and-government, #young-todd-1972

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Your Car, Toaster, Even Washing Machine, Can’t Work Without Them. And There’s a Global Shortage.

This is what supply chain fragility looks like.

#automobiles, #china, #computer-chips, #factories-and-manufacturing, #foxconn-technology, #nvidia-corporation, #playstation-5-video-game-system, #qualcomm-inc, #renesas-electronics-corp, #samsung-group, #shortages, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #texas, #united-states

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Why a Shortage Has Made Computer Chips the New Toilet Paper

Really.

#computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #factories-and-manufacturing

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Despite Chip Shortage, Chip Innovation Is Booming

While a variety of industries struggle with supplies, semiconductor experts say there are plenty of new ideas and, most surprising, start-ups.

#artificial-intelligence, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #factories-and-manufacturing, #shortages, #start-ups, #synopsys-inc, #united-states, #venture-capital

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Widespread Commodity Shortages Raise Inflation Fears

For products as diverse as lumber and microchips, price increases are filtering through the economy.

#automobiles, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #commodities, #computer-chips, #inflation-economics, #international-trade-and-world-market, #prices-fares-fees-and-rates, #shortages, #united-states-economy

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Is There a War Coming Between China and the U.S.?

A new novel about 2034 has unnerving echoes of today’s headlines.

#2034-a-novel-of-the-next-world-war-book, #china, #computer-chips, #factories-and-manufacturing, #nationalism-theory-and-philosophy, #supercomputers, #taiwan, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #united-states, #united-states-international-relations

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These Materials Could Make Science Fiction a Reality

Metamaterials, which could improve smartphones and change how we use other technology, allow scientists to control light waves in new ways.

#computer-chips, #driverless-and-semiautonomous-vehicles, #robots-and-robotics, #sensors, #smartphones

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A Computer Chip Shortage Has Hobbled the Auto Industry

Almost every carmaker has had to curtail production, hampering the economic recovery.

#automobiles, #computer-chips, #daimler-ag, #kallenius-ola, #mercedes-benz, #porsche-ag, #renesas-electronics-corp, #shortages

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‘It’s a Roller-Coaster Ride’: Global Chip Shortage Is Making Industries Sweat

The internet-connected world is completely dependent on the production of semiconductors. That’s become a problem now that supplies are running short.

#amazon-com-inc, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #boeing-company, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #intel-corporation, #renesas-electronics-corp

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Taiwan’s Drought Pits Chip Makers Against Farmers

The island is going to great lengths to keep water flowing to its all-important semiconductor industry, including shutting off irrigation to legions of rice growers.

#agriculture-and-farming, #computer-chips, #factories-and-manufacturing, #international-trade-and-world-market, #irrigation, #reservoirs, #rice, #shortages, #taiwan, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #water, #weather

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Read This If You’re Clueless About Discord

Two avid readers from South Africa show what they find special about this talking and texting app.

#books-and-literature, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #discord-inc, #intel-corporation

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Xi’s Gambit: China Plans for a World Without American Technology

Beijing’s leaders plot a path to go it alone, vowing to spend big to fill gaps in innovation and avoid dependence on the United States and others.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #china, #communist-party-of-china, #computer-chips, #innovation, #international-trade-and-world-market

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Global Chip Shortage Challenges Biden’s Hope for Manufacturing Revival

A global shortage of a key component for cars and electronics has shuttered American factories and set off fierce competition to secure supplies.

#automobiles, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #china, #computer-chips, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #electronics, #factories-and-manufacturing, #ford-motor-co, #general-motors, #shortages, #taiwan, #united-states-economy, #united-states-politics-and-government

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MIT aims to speed up robot movements to match robot thoughts using custom chips

MIT researchers are looking to address the significant gap between how quickly robots can process information (relatively slowly), and how fast they can move (very quickly thanks to modern hardware advances), and they’re using something called ‘robomorphic computing’ to do it. The method, designed by MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence (CSAIL) graduate Dr. Sabrina Neuman, results in custom computer chips that can offer hardware acceleration as a means to faster response times.

Custom-built chips tailored to a very specific purpose are not new – if you’re using a modern iPhone, you have one in that device right now. But they have become more popular as companies and technologists look to do more local computing on devices with more conservative power and computing constraints, rather than round-tripping data to large data centers via network connections.

In this case, the method involves creating hyper-specific chips that are designed based on a robot’s physical layout and and its intended use. By taking into account the requirements a robot has in terms of its perception of its surroundings, its mapping and understanding of its position within those surroundings, and its motion planning resulting from said mapping and its required actions, researchers can design processing chips that greatly increase the efficiency of that last stage by supplementing software algorithms with hardware acceleration.

The classic example of hardware acceleration that most people encounter on a regular basis is a graphics processing unit, or GPU. A GPU is essentially a processor designed specifically for the task of handling graphical computing operations – like display rendering and video playback. GPUs are popular because almost all modern computers run into graphics-intensive applications, but custom chips for a range of different functions have become much more popular lately thanks to the advent of more customizable and efficient small-run chip fabrication techniques.

Here’s a description of how Neuman’s system works specifically in the case of optimizing a hardware chip design for robot control, per MIT News:

The system creates a customized hardware design to best serve a particular robot’s computing needs. The user inputs the parameters of a robot, like its limb layout and how its various joints can move. Neuman’s system translates these physical properties into mathematical matrices. These matrices are “sparse,” meaning they contain many zero values that roughly correspond to movements that are impossible given a robot’s particular anatomy. (Similarly, your arm’s movements are limited because it can only bend at certain joints — it’s not an infinitely pliable spaghetti noodle.)

The system then designs a hardware architecture specialized to run calculations only on the non-zero values in the matrices. The resulting chip design is therefore tailored to maximize efficiency for the robot’s computing needs. And that customization paid off in testing.

Neuman’s team used an field-programmable gate array (FPGA), which is sort of like a midpoint between a fully custom chip and an off-the-shelf CPU, and it achieved significantly better performance than the latter. That means that were you to actually custom manufacture a chip from scratch, you could expect much more significant performance improvements.

Making robots react faster to their environments isn’t just about increase manufacturing speed and efficiency – though it will do that. It’s also about making robots even safer to work with in situations where people are working directly alongside and in collaboration with them. That remains a significant barrier to more widespread use of robotics in everyday life, meaning this research could help unlock the sci-fi future of humans and robots living in integrated harmony.

#artificial-intelligence, #computer-chips, #computer-graphics, #computer-hardware, #computing, #fpga, #hardware-acceleration, #iphone, #mit, #robotics, #science, #tc

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Lack of Tiny Parts Disrupts Auto Factories Worldwide

Carmakers can’t buy the semiconductors they need because home electronics are taking all the supply.

#austria, #automobiles, #bayerische-motorenwerke-ag, #bosch-robert-gmbh, #china, #computer-chips, #continental-ag, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #europe, #factories-and-manufacturing, #honda-motor-co-ltd, #mexico, #nxp-semiconductors-nv, #playstation-video-game-system, #renesas-electronics-corp, #semiconductor-manufacturing-international-corporation, #shortages, #tesla-motors-inc, #toyota-motor-corp, #volkswagen-ag

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With Money, and Waste, China Fights for Chip Independence

Beijing’s drive to free itself from reliance on imported semiconductors has lifted start-ups and big firms alike. Some have flamed out. But there has been progress.

#china, #computer-chips, #entrepreneurship, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #semiconductor-manufacturing-international-corporation, #start-ups, #venture-capital

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Pound for Pound, Taiwan Is the Most Important Place in the World

Its excellence in the computer chip market puts it at the center of the battle for global technological supremacy.

#china, #computer-chips, #taiwan, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #united-states

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Amazon and Apple Shift From Intel’s Chips, Driving Industry Change

Amazon’s cloud computing business and Apple’s Macs are increasingly using the companies’ homegrown chips.

#amazon-com-inc, #ampere-computing, #apple-inc, #cellular-telephones, #cloud-computing, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #data-centers, #intel-corporation, #laptop-computers, #silicon, #smartphones, #software

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Intel and Nvidia Chips Power a Chinese Surveillance System

Intel and Nvidia chips power a supercomputing center that tracks people in a place where government suppresses minorities, raising questions about the tech industry’s responsibility.

#artificial-intelligence, #cameras, #china, #computer-chips, #computer-vision, #computers-and-the-internet, #facial-recognition-software, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #intel-corporation, #muslims-and-islam, #nvidia-corporation, #surveillance-of-citizens-by-government, #uighurs-chinese-ethnic-group, #xinjiang-china

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Apple Introduces New Macs With the First Apple Chips

Apple unveiled three new Mac computers that use processors the company created itself, ending its reliance on Intel.

#apple-inc, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #intel-corporation, #laptop-computers, #srouji-johny

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A.M.D. Agrees to Buy Xilinx for $35 Billion in Stock

The deal would broaden A.M.D.’s business into chips for markets like 5G communications and automotive electronics.

#advanced-micro-devices-inc, #company-reports, #computer-and-video-games, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #factories-and-manufacturing, #intel-corporation, #mergers-acquisitions-and-divestitures, #xilinx-inc

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Trump’s Tech Clampdown Could Hurt Huawei’s New Phones

The battered Chinese giant won’t say how many of its new handsets it can produce. U.S. restrictions may have curtailed access to essential components.

#5g-wireless-communications, #blacklisting, #china, #computer-chips, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #smartphones, #taiwan, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #wireless-communications

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Intel Casts Off More Memory Chip Business in $9 Billion Deal

The sale to SK Hynix of South Korea includes a major factory in China and follows the company’s decades-long shift into microprocessors.

#computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #hynix-semiconductor, #intel-corporation, #mergers-acquisitions-and-divestitures

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In U.S.-China Tech Feud, Taiwan Feels Heat From Both Sides

The island’s biggest chip maker has been a coveted partner to both battling giants. But rising nationalism is making it harder to keep the middle ground.

#5g-wireless-communications, #china, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #qualcomm-inc, #semiconductor-manufacturing-international-corporation, #taiwan, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #tsai-ing-wen, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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U.S. Places Restrictions on China’s Leading Chip Maker

The export controls follow a review in which the United States concluded that Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation may be supplying chips to the Chinese military.

#china, #commerce-department, #computer-chips, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #samsung-group, #semiconductor-manufacturing-international-corporation, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #united-states-politics-and-government

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America Is Going to Decapitate Huawei

The United States’ technological dominance gives it an immense power. But how long will that last?

#5g-wireless-communications, #cadence-design-systems-inc, #china, #computer-chips, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #nanotechnology, #regulation-and-deregulation-of-industry, #taiwan, #united-states-international-relations

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SoftBank Said to Be Near Deal to Sell British Chip Designer Arm

A sale to Nvidia for more than $40 billion would net billions of dollars for the Japanese tech investor and create a powerhouse in the semiconductor industry.

#antitrust-laws-and-competition-issues, #computer-chips, #mergers-acquisitions-and-divestitures, #nvidia-corporation, #softbank-corporation

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Intel Slips, and a High-Profile Supercomputer Is Delayed

The chip maker was selected for an Energy Department project meant to show American tech independence. But problems at Intel have thrown a wrench into the effort.

#argonne-national-laboratory, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #energy-department, #factories-and-manufacturing, #intel-corporation, #laboratories-and-scientific-equipment, #supercomputers, #swan-robert-h, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd

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Trump Administration Widens Huawei Dragnet

The Commerce Department placed new restrictions on the Chinese tech giant’s ability to work with the global chip industry.

#blacklisting, #china, #commerce-department, #computer-chips, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #telephones-and-telecommunications, #united-states-international-relations

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Japanese Supercomputer Is Crowned World’s Speediest

In the race for the most powerful computers, Fugaku, a Japanese supercomputer, recently beat American and Chinese machines.

#computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #cray-inc, #fujitsu-limited, #lawrence-livermore-national-laboratory, #oak-ridge-national-laboratory, #riken-institute, #supercomputers, #top500-list

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After 15 Years, Apple Prepares to Break Up With Intel

Apple could announce plans as soon as Monday to replace Intel processors in Macs with chips that it designed itself.

#advanced-micro-devices-inc, #apple-inc, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #intel-corporation, #swan-robert-h

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Lawmakers Push to Invest Billions in Semiconductor Industry to Counter China

New legislation aimed at supporting the semiconductor industry is a sign of shifting consensus in Washington, where industrial plans are now in vogue

#china, #computer-chips, #cornyn-john, #factories-and-manufacturing, #house-of-representatives, #international-trade-and-world-market, #law-and-legislation, #matsui-doris-o, #mccaul-michael-t, #senate, #united-states-economy, #united-states-politics-and-government, #warner-mark-r

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U.S. Is Using Taiwan as a Pressure Point in Tech Fight With China

The Trump administration is challenging Chinese access to Taiwan’s high-tech supply chain — and, by extension, Beijing’s influence over the island it claims as its territory.

#china, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #factories-and-manufacturing, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #international-trade-and-world-market, #politics-and-government, #relocation-of-business, #taiwan, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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U.S. Delivers Another Blow to Huawei With New Tech Restrictions

New rules announced by the Commerce Department Friday morning threaten to inflict more pain on Huawei and upset an already rocky U.S.-China relationship.

#blacklisting, #commerce-department, #computer-chips, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #factories-and-manufacturing, #huawei-technologies-co-ltd, #international-trade-and-world-market, #politics-and-government, #united-states-international-relations

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T.S.M.C. Is Set to Build a U.S. Chip Facility, a Win for Trump

The White House has called for building up U.S. manufacturing and criticized a tech supply chain centered in China.

#blacklisting, #commerce-department, #computer-chips, #computers-and-the-internet, #corporations, #defense-and-military-forces, #factories-and-manufacturing, #international-trade-and-world-market, #taiwan-semiconductor-manufacturing-company-ltd, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government

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