A tuba player and the leader of the Hot 8, one of New Orleans’s high-profile brass bands, he brought music to his fellow citizens in the difficult days after the storm.
She taught Penélope Cruz, Jessica Chastain and countless other performers how to sound like someone else.
Typecast from the outset, she was a star of movie musicals before she was out of her teens. But her big-screen career peaked when she was in her 20s.
He was a central figure in the experimental theater movement for decades. His best-known work, a trilogy of one-acts, opened in 1966 and ran for more than 630 performances.
During the Cold War, she fought for the rights of others and waged a 16-year fight of her own for an exit visa to Israel. She finally won in 1987.
His mammoth Yoido Full Gospel Church in Seoul symbolized the explosive growth of the religion in the once war-torn country.
She explored her characters’ inner lives in movies like “Killer of Sheep” and “Bless Their Little Hearts,” independent works that grew out of the L.A. Rebellion movement.
Acerbic, sometimes controversial, he became familiar to millions as the show’s “Weekend Update” anchor from 1994 to 1998.
He brought jazz (and later folk music) to Newport, R.I., and made festivals as important as nightclubs and concert halls on jazz musicians’ itineraries.
Mr. Guzmán, whose Maoist movement, Shining Path, killed tens of thousands in the 1980s and ’90s, sought to bring the world to a “higher stage of Marxism.”
After recording “I Was Born This Way,” a club favorite, he entered the ministry and founded a church for the L.G.B.T.Q. community.
In a career that began in 1976, she brought more than 60 productions to the New York stage, including “Equus,” “Amadeus” and the work of Edward Albee.
He championed two of the most debated architectural projects in recent Paris history: the Musée D’Orsay (in a former train station) and the Louvre pyramid.
The frontman of his family’s popular band combined the country’s unique, Latin-influenced sound with politically biting lyrics.
He won an Emmy for his role in the TV series “Room 222” and played many characters over the years before becoming known as the hit film’s patriarch.
His radio programs, most notably on Columbia University’s WKCR, were full of minutiae he had accumulated during a lifetime immersed in the genre.
Shunning the New Jersey suburbs in 1969, he set up a pay-what-you-can practice on the blighted Lower East Side and for three decades was a hero to the poor.
His father, David, was one of the 20th century’s finest violinists, but Igor more than held his own as a musician and interpreter performing throughout the West.
Mr. Williams, who also starred in “Boardwalk Empire” and “Lovecraft Country,” was best known for his role as Omar Little in the David Simon HBO series.
His best-known work, somewhat scandalous for the mid-1960s, treated sex frankly and sold millions of copies.
Mr. Scott, who played both Bozo the Clown and the original Ronald McDonald on television, was a longtime weather forecaster on the “Today” show who emphasized showmanship over science.
At one time the N.F.L.’s highest-paid defensive player, he left the league after six seasons and fell into a spiral of addiction, homelessness and desolation.
In the years before Roe v. Wade, she helped shift the debate away from the rules governing abortion providers to women’s right to control their bodies.
A longtime food stylist for big-name companies, she was a master of the craft and taught students all over the world how to sweat a glass or perfect the pizza cheese pull.
His decisions on whether a painting was authentic, a copy or an outright fake could jolt the art market. “No one else alive knows as much as he did about Rembrandt.”
He often luxuriated in the richness of the English language, going off on whimsical digressions and enlivening the law with colorful asides.
He and a colleague identified a mechanism by which cells communicate, a Nobel-winning breakthrough that paved the way for disease-fighting drugs.
Mr. Geelani was an uncompromising opponent of the Indian government’s control of the Kashmir valley and favored Pakistani sovereignty over the mostly Muslim region.
He waged a war of words and music against a military junta that banned his work and imprisoned him during its rule of Greece, from 1967 to 1974.
After her children left for college, she unexpectedly became astronomy’s record-setting spotter of unidentified objects hurtling through the cosmos.
With a four-track tape recorder in his Jamaican home studio, he opened surreal sonic vistas and cultivated the image of a mad genius.
Best known as the gruff newsman he first played on “The Mary Tyler Moore Show,” he was also a busy character actor and a political activist.
His line of novelty items was wide-ranging. Jayne Mansfield posed for him so that he could make a shapely, sexy hot-water bottle.
First he discovered a long-forgotten rail tunnel. Then he spent decades trying — in vain — to revive Brooklyn’s trolley system.
She told family-friendly stories from everyday life, about things like family squabbles and sending a man to the grocery store. Her YouTube fans were legion.
In a quartet of biographies, he explored how slavery and racial oppression could exist in a land based on the ideals of the Declaration of Independence.
A self-described “professional square,” he fell in love with the show, and worked with its writers to tweak questionable material. Cast members called him “Dr. No.”
Building on the work of Noam Chomsky, she designed elegant experiments to show that syntax is hard-wired into the human brain.
He was an All-American forward for Loyola University Chicago, which started four Black players against an all-white Mississippi team in the 1963 N.C.A.A. tournament.
His acclaimed fiction and a memoir had a common theme: alcoholism. After becoming sober, he called his former besotted muse “Drunkspeare.”
He was born into a family of Jewish musicians, but he made his mark in Latin music, as a pianist, bandleader and producer.
As music director of the Oakland Symphony, he sought diversity in his audiences as well as in his programming.
Her rich life, spanning three continents and 11 decades, entailed wartime espionage, volumes of poetry, songwriting and a late-career turn as a rock band’s frontwoman.
With “Don’t Bother Me, I Can’t Cope,” she became the first woman to write the book, music and lyrics of a Broadway musical.
He was an accomplished mountain climber with a literary gift to match, and the author of dozens of books.
She was known for the passion of her performances, the raw honesty of her stories and her use of Jamaica’s lyrical vernacular.
Over two decades, during a tumultuous time for American business, he winnowed an unwieldy corporation and fended off corporate raids.
Mr. Watts, who had no taste for the life of a pop idol, was an unflashy presence with the band and brought to it a swinging style.
Under his tutelage, Lee Kiefer became a first for the United States. Leach led the women’s national foil team in five Summer Olympics. He died in a motorcycle accident.
Habré had been sentenced to life in prison after he was found guilty of crimes against humanity, including torture and sex crimes.