Hospital and Drugmaker Move to Build Vast Database of New Yorkers’ DNA

Patients will be asked if their genetic sequence can be added to a database — shared with a pharmaceutical company — in a quest to cure a multitude of diseases.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #genetics-and-heredity, #hospitals, #mount-sinai-medical-center, #new-york-city, #regeneron-pharmaceuticals-inc, #research

The Search for a Meaningful Clue to the Mystery of an Enslaved Ancestor

Old newspaper ads are serving as a window into the hopes and histories of hundreds of individuals who were newly emancipated.

#archives-and-records, #black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #families-and-family-life, #genealogy, #georgetown-university, #newspapers, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical

‘What a Horrible Place This Would Have Been’

Archaeologists found the remains of 14 soldiers who died in a pivotal Revolutionary War battle — a fresh reminder of the violence of war.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bones, #defense-and-military-forces, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #national-parks-monuments-and-seashores, #your-feed-science

DNA on Discarded Coffee Cup Leads to Arrest in a 1975 Homicide

Lindy Sue Biechler was stabbed 19 times more than four decades ago. The authorities in Pennsylvania said a coffee cup that David Sinopoli, 68, discarded this year provided investigators with crucial evidence.

#david-sinopoli, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #federal-bureau-of-investigation, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #lancaster-county-pa, #lindy-sue-biechler, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #parabon-nanolabs-inc

CRISPR, 10 Years On: Learning to Rewrite the Code of Life

The gene-editing technology has led to innovations in medicine, evolution and agriculture — and raised profound ethical questions about altering human DNA.

#biology-and-biochemistry, #broad-institute, #clinical-trials, #crispr-dna, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #doudna-jennifer-a, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #genetic-engineering, #genetics-and-heredity, #he-jiankui, #nobel-prizes, #science-and-technology, #university-of-california, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

DNA Can Identify Unknown Soldiers. It Also Reveals Old Mistakes.

With modern tools, the U.S. military is learning that some unidentified remains from 20th century battles are those of service members it thought were found and sent home long ago.

#bones, #cemeteries, #deaths-fatalities, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #lebanon-tenn, #missing-in-action, #tarawa-kiribati, #tests-medical, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #walker-edward-glen, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Australia Wields a New DNA Tool to Crack Missing-Person Mysteries

The technique can predict a person’s ancestry and physical traits without the need for a match with an existing sample in a database.

#australia, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genetics-and-heredity

Body Found in Indiana Is Identified After 30 Years

Advances in DNA technology helped the authorities to identify remains found near a highway in 1992 as those of Margaret Ann Sniegowski Jr., who had disappeared from her home in Ohio.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #indiana, #sniegowski-margaret-ann-jr, #toledo-ohio

‘I-65 Killer’ Who Terrorized Motel Clerks in the 1980s Is Identified

The authorities said they connected Harry Edward Greenwell, who died in 2013, to at least three murders in Kentucky and Indiana, using genetic genealogy.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #greenwell-harry-edward, #indiana, #kentucky, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #robberies-and-thefts, #serial-murders, #sex-crimes

Man Sentenced to 650 Years in Prison in Brutal 1980s Sex Crimes

DNA on an envelope helped to seal the fate of Steven Ray Hessler, who prosecutors said violently assaulted seven women, a 16-year-old girl and two men in Shelby County, Ind., from 1982 to 1985.

#assaults, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #parabon-nanolabs-inc, #sex-crimes, #shelby-county-ind, #steven-ray-hessler

Philanthropists Push Police Searches of DNA Databases

When the police can’t afford to solve cold cases, deep-pocketed donors can.

#crime-and-criminals, #crowdfunding-internet, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #gofundme, #philanthropy, #police

‘Serial’ Case: Prosecutors Agree to DNA Testing Sought by Adnan Syed

Adnan Syed, who is serving life in prison in Maryland for the 1999 killing of Hae Min Lee, still insists on his innocence and is seeking a sentence reduction.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #forensic-science, #innocence-project, #lee-hae-min-1980-99, #mosby-marilyn-j-1980, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #podcasts, #serial-radio-program, #syed-adnan

Victim’s Rape Kit Helped Identify Her as a Suspect in Another Case, D.A. Says

Chesa Boudin, the district attorney in San Francisco, said victims are “being treated like criminals,” and he wants legislators to ban the practice.

#boudin-chesa, #california, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #domestic-violence, #forensic-science, #manhattan-nyc, #rosen-jeffrey-f, #san-francisco-calif, #santa-clara-county-calif, #sex-crimes, #women-and-girls

After Nearly 58 Years, Pennsylvania Police Solve Killing of 9-Year-Old Girl

On Sundays and holidays, the victim’s mother ended a prayer with a plea: “Please help the Pennsylvania State Police find the man that hurt my daughter.”

#chiverella-marise-ann-d-1964, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #forte-james-paul-d-1980, #genealogy, #hazleton-pa, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #pennsylvania-state-police, #sex-crimes

Their DNA Hides a Warning, but They Don’t Want to Know What It Says

Some volunteers for biobanks, which collect genetic information to study health across populations, have been surprised to be informed they carry risky mutations.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #genetics-and-heredity, #privacy, #research, #tests-medical

The Kunga Was a Status Symbol Long Before the Thoroughbred

A new study finds the first known instance of a human-engineered hybrid, bred from a donkey and a Syrian wild ass 4,500 years ago.

#animals, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #biotechnology-and-bioengineering, #breeding-of-animals, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #donkeys, #horses, #research, #science-advances-journal, #your-feed-science

These Prenatal Tests Are Usually Wrong When Warning of Rare Disorders

The false positives aren’t mentioned in the brochures for these blood screenings, which are sold by some of the biggest labs in the country.

#advertising-and-marketing, #amniocentesis, #babies-and-infants, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #pregnancy-and-childbirth, #regulation-and-deregulation-of-industry, #tests-medical

How Your DNA Test Could Send a Relative to Jail

Thanks to “genetic genealogy,” solving crimes with genomic databases is becoming mainstream — with some uncomfortable implications for the future of privacy.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides

Last Known Slave Ship, Clotilda, Is Remarkably Well Preserved, Researchers Say

DNA may be extracted from the Clotilda, which was sunk in the Mobile River in Alabama in 1860 after it arrived from West Africa carrying 110 enslaved people, researchers said.

#africatown-ala, #alabama, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #clotilda, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #mobile-ala, #national-register-of-historic-places, #raines-ben-h, #research, #shipwrecks-historic, #slavery-historical

3,000 Years Ago, Britain Got Half Its Genes From France, DNA Study Suggests

An extensive study of ancient DNA suggests that a wave of newcomers — and perhaps the first Celtic languages — crossed the English Channel three millenniums ago.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #bronze-age, #dairy-products, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #england, #france, #genetics-and-heredity, #immigration-and-emigration, #kent-england, #language-and-languages, #nature-journal, #reich-david-e-1974, #your-feed-science

Stolen at Birth, Chilean Adoptees Uncover Their Past

Hundreds of Chileans adopted abroad have learned that they were trafficked. Investigators believe thousands of children may have been taken from their parents during Chile’s dictatorship.

#adoptions, #children-and-childhood, #chile, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #pinochet-ugarte-augusto

Merck’s Covid Pill Might Pose Risks for Pregnant Women

Some laboratory studies suggest that molnupiravir can insert errors in DNA, which could in theory harm a developing fetus, sperm cells or children.

#birth-defects, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #merckcompany-inc, #molnupiravir-drug, #pregnancy-and-childbirth, #research, #your-feed-science

Military Project That Identified 355 Crew Members Who Died at Pearl Harbor EndsIt’s a

The remains of 355 sailors and Marines from the U.S.S. Oklahoma were identified using DNA and dental records, but 33 crew members could not be.

#cemeteries, #defense-department, #defense-pow-mia-accounting-agency, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #hawaii, #missing-in-action, #nebraska, #pearl-harbor-hawaii, #research, #ships-and-shipping, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-marine-corps, #united-states-navy, #world-war-ii-1939-45

What I Learned Testing My Dog’s DNA

There are some mysteries that even genetic science can’t explain.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #dogs, #genetics-and-heredity, #pets

The Gene-Synthesis Revolution

Researchers can now design and mass-produce genetic material — a technique that helped build the mRNA vaccines. What could it give us next?

#2021-tech-and-design, #antibiotics, #bacteria, #biology-and-biochemistry, #biotechnology-and-bioengineering, #chemistry, #crispr-dna, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #genetics-and-heredity, #ginkgo-bioworks-inc, #synthetic-biology

Suspect’s Family Helps Crack Candy Rogers Murder Case

The murder of 9-year-old Candice Rogers rocked Spokane, Wash. On Friday, the police identified John Reigh Hoff as a suspect, and said his daughter helped them solve the case.

#candice-rogers, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #john-reigh-hoff, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #sex-crimes, #sgt-zac-storment, #spokane-wash

The DNA of Roma People Has Long Been Misused, Scientists Reveal

An op-ed in Nature calls for higher ethical standards in the usage and analysis of genetic information from the Romani, a marginalized group in Europe.

#bulgaria, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genetics-and-heredity, #hungary, #india, #nature-journal, #romani-people, #your-feed-science

Tree DNA Sends a Poacher to Prison in 2018 Maple Fire Case

Loggers seeking a prized hardwood started the fire in the Olympic National Forest, prosecutors said. The use of timber DNA evidence was a first in a federal criminal trial.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forest-service, #forests-and-forestry, #hood-canal-wash, #pacific-northwestern-states-us, #trees-and-shrubs, #washington-state, #wildfires

He Escaped Prison in 2015. Did He Kill a Young Mother Decades Before?

A bid to exonerate two men in a Buffalo-area murder centers on the possible role in the crime of Richard Matt, a notorious New York killer.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #erie-county-ny, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #forensic-science, #fugitives, #matt-richard-w-1967, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #prison-escapes, #sweat-david-p-1980, #tonawanda

DNA Confirms Sitting Bull Was South Dakota Man’s Great-Grandfather

Ernie LaPointe, the great-grandson of the leader Tatanka Iyotake, said he hoped the DNA confirmation would bolster his campaign to move the chief’s remains.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #lapointe-ernie, #native-americans, #north-dakota, #research, #science-advances-journal, #sitting-bull, #south-dakota, #university-of-copenhagen, #willerslev-eske

A Victim of John Wayne Gacy Is Identified 4 Decades Later

For years, some of the victims of John Wayne Gacy had gone unidentified. DNA and expanding genealogical databases allowed officials to identify a victim this month.

#alexander-francis-wayne, #cook-county-ill, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #gacy-john-wayne-jr, #genealogy, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #serial-murders

40-Year-Old Cold Case of South Dakota Baby Ends With Conviction

Decades after a baby was found by the road, DNA testing led to criminal charges. On Friday, a woman entered an Alford plea in the case, maintaining her innocence while pleading guilty to manslaughter.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #sioux-falls-sd, #south-dakota, #theresa-bentaas

Man Convicted in Thefts of a van Gogh and a Hals From Dutch Museums

DNA evidence found at the two museums after the burglaries led investigators to the suspect, who has now been sentenced to eight years in prison by a Dutch court.

#art, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #hals-frans, #museum-hofje-van-mevrouw-van-aerden-leerdam-netherlands, #museums, #netherlands, #robberies-and-thefts, #singer-laren, #van-gogh-vincent

A Broken Frame, and DNA Traces, Led to Arrest in van Gogh Theft

Dutch prosecutors said that DNA evidence tied a man to the thefts of a van Gogh and a Frans Hals painting; he denies the charges.

#art, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #groninger-museum, #museum-hofje-van-mevrouw-van-aerden-leerdam-netherlands, #museums, #netherlands, #robberies-and-thefts, #singer-laren

Articles Involving Chinese DNA Research Are Retracted

The rare retractions come after several scientists raised questions about how Chinese researchers obtained the full consent of their Uyghur subjects.

#academic-and-scientific-journals, #china, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #genetics-and-heredity, #science-and-technology, #uighurs-chinese-ethnic-group, #xinjiang-china

Trying to Find Your Mother’s Remains From Ground Zero, 20 Years Later

The medical examiner’s office is still working painstakingly to identify 9/11 victims. There are 1,106 victims whose remains have not been found.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #new-york-city, #office-of-the-chief-medical-examiner-of-the-city-of-new-york, #september-11-2001, #world-trade-center-manhattan-ny

Reuniting an Orphan Elephant and Her Mom, Perhaps, With DNA and Luck

Nania beat the odds to survive separation from her forest elephant family in Burkina Faso. Her caretakers hope DNA testing may help return her to the wild with her family.

#animal-abuse-rights-and-welfare, #burkina-faso, #conservation-of-resources, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #elephants, #endangered-and-extinct-species, #international-fund-for-animal-welfare, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

How Nania The Elephant Beat the Odds

Nania beat the odds to survive separation from her forest elephant family in Burkina Faso. Her caretakers hope DNA testing may help return her to the wild with her family.

#animal-abuse-rights-and-welfare, #burkina-faso, #conservation-of-resources, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #elephants, #endangered-and-extinct-species, #international-fund-for-animal-welfare, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

Meet the Spotted Skunks. They’ve Been Keeping a Secret From Us.

New research using hundreds of DNA samples showed that there are seven species of these hand-standing, stink-spraying mammals.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #mexico, #molecular-phylogenetics-and-evolution-journal, #north-america, #reproduction-biological, #research, #skunks, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

Trail in Decades-Old Florida Killings Leads to Brazilian Man

Roberto Wagner Fernandes, who died in a plane crash in Paraguay in 2005, killed three women whose bodies were found in Miami and Broward County in 2000 and 2001, the authorities said.

#biscayne-bay-fla, #brazil, #broward-county-fla, #broward-county-sheriffs-office-florida, #crime-and-criminals, #demas-sia, #dietz-livesey-kimberly, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #fernandes-roberto-wagner, #fingerprinting, #forensic-science, #fugitives, #good-jessica, #miami-fla, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #serial-murders

After Two Decades and a DNA Test, Charges Are Dropped in Georgia Killings

Convicted of killing a couple in 1985, Dennis Perry spent 20 years in prison before hair samples helped set him free. Now, the homicide charges against him have been dismissed.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #forensic-science, #georgia, #innocence-project, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #perry-dennis-a-1962, #sparre-erik, #swain-harold-d-1985, #swain-thelma-d-1985, #waverly-ga

A Coronavirus Epidemic Hit 20,000 Years Ago, New Study Finds

A few dozen human genes rapidly evolved in ancient East Asia to thwart coronavirus infections, scientists say. Those genes could be crucial to today’s pandemic.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #genetics-and-heredity, #history-academic-subject, #research, #your-feed-science

Two Montana Sweethearts Were Fatally Shot in 1956. The Case Was Just Solved.

The Cascade County Sheriff’s Office said it appeared to be the oldest homicide case in the United States to be solved with genetic genealogy.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #great-falls-mont, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides

China Still Buys American DNA Equipment for Xinjiang Despite Blocks

The U.S. government has long tried to prevent the sales over concerns about rights abuses and surveillance. Documents show those efforts have failed.

#china, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #government-contracts-and-procurement, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #surveillance-of-citizens-by-government, #uighurs-chinese-ethnic-group, #xinjiang-china

An Innocent Man Went to Prison for Murder. Now, It’s the Real Killer’s Turn.

Brian Leigh Dripps Sr. was sentenced to life in prison on Tuesday in the 1996 killing of Angie Dodge in Idaho, a crime for which Christopher Tapp was exonerated.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #idaho, #idaho-falls-idaho, #innocence-project, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #sex-crimes, #tapp-christopher

She Was Stabbed and Left in a Cornfield in 1972. Now There’s an Arrest.

Barry Lee Whelpley, now 76, was charged with killing Julie Ann Hanson, who was 15 when her body was found in Naperville, Ill., the authorities said.

#chicago-ill, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #illinois, #minnesota, #missing-persons, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #naperville-ill

Two New Laws Restrict Police Use of DNA Search Method

Maryland and Montana have passed the nation’s first laws limiting forensic genealogy, the method that found the Golden State Killer.

#dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #law-and-legislation, #maryland, #montana, #privacy, #your-feed-science

Man Rescued in Colorado Mountain Pass Is Accused in 1982 Murders

Alan Lee Phillips was rescued from a snowdrift in 1982 after he signaled SOS with his headlights. The police now say he became trapped on the road after killing two women.

#breckenridge-colo, #colorado, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #genealogy, #genetics-and-heredity, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #oberholtzer-barbara-jo-d-1982, #phillips-alan-lee-1951, #schnee-annette-d-1982

DNA Could Identify Somerton Man Exhumed in Australia

This week the police disinterred a body, found on a beach in 1948, that has puzzled investigators for decades. “There’s lots of twists and turns in this case, and every turn is pretty weird,” one said.

#adelaide-australia, #australia, #derek-abbott, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #forensic-science, #rachel-egan, #somerton-man

Cleared of Murder, Brothers Are Awarded $75 Million

Henry McCollum and Leon Brown, half brothers with intellectual disabilities, spent three decades in prison for the rape and murder of an 11-year-old girl before DNA evidence implicated someone else.

#artis-roscoe, #brown-leon, #capital-punishment, #compensation-for-damages-law, #confessions, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #false-arrests-convictions-and-imprisonments, #forensic-science, #intellectual-disabilities, #mccollum-henry-lee, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #north-carolina, #north-carolina-innocence-inquiry-commission, #robeson-county-nc, #sex-crimes, #suits-and-litigation-civil