By fishing shards of bacterial DNA from the teeth of bodies in a cemetery, researchers found the starting point for the plague that devastated Eurasia, they say.
The United States has stockpiled millions of doses of two smallpox vaccines, also effective against monkeypox. But the outbreaks so far are clustered in other countries.
A recent decision by a federal judge to block the mask mandate is deeply troubling.
We have neither a shared language nor a shared understanding of what we’ve just been through. What will the “Covid plot” be in the story we tell of this time?
Even before the war, the country struggled with epidemics of H.I.V., tuberculosis and hepatitis. The conflict threatens to undo decades of progress.
New Caledonia escaped the coronavirus for a year and a half, but a surge in cases has led to a state of emergency, with the disease disproportionately hurting the French territory’s Indigenous people.
As the Omicron variant recedes, cities and states with the longest mask and vaccine mandates are rapidly lifting them. The abrupt shift has unsettled the most vigilant Americans.
Literary novelists are struggling with whether, and how, to incorporate Covid into their fiction.
Scientists are grasping for any example that could help anticipate the future of Covid, even a mysterious respiratory pandemic that spread in the late 19th century.
Overconfidence, indifference and weariness are perhaps the biggest dangers.
With spotty immunity in the population and a churn of new variants, the coronavirus is likely to become a persistent but hopefully manageable threat.
Mink farms threaten to become a source of new coronavirus variants — and an object lesson in how ‘spillback’ can make deadly diseases even deadlier.
A number of governments have changed their approaches to the coronavirus to one that is more like how we treat the flu. Public health experts say it’s too soon to make that call.
Washington has rejected plans to revamp vaccine preparedness for decades and repeatedly paid a price. The Biden administration is at a similar crossroads.
The agency has created an ambitious $200 million center to predict future outbreaks — but diseases are a lot harder to model than storms.
Covid might not have come out of a medical research lab, but it raises some urgent questions about how those facilities operate.
Mass tragedies sometimes have unexpected consequences.
We need to learn the right lessons from the pandemic.
This pandemic winter won’t be like the last one — but it won’t be “normal,” either.
During the pandemic, they have been the target of protests and of laws intended to curb their powers. Has this left the U.S. less prepared than ever for the next crisis?
Bloodsucking monsters are avatars for our cultural anxieties. Especially now.
It can be the safety-above-all caricature that deep-red America has made of it, or it can leave the age of emergency behind.
History repeatedly demonstrates how difficult it is to decisively declare that a pandemic is over.
Would a deadlier pandemic have yielded different political divides?
The roots of U.S. vaccine mandates predate both the U.S. and vaccines.
The collection of the German Hygiene Museum shows that the same debates recur whenever disease breaks out, even if we don’t remember them.
The public health response to a Covid outbreak in Provincetown shows a better way to monitor the disease.
Infections in vaccinated Americans also may be as transmissible as those in unvaccinated people, the document said, and lead more often to severe illness.
The pandemic revealed the glaring weaknesses of the world’s premier public health agency — and just how much work it would take to reform it.
The U.S. needs to be prepared with proactive vaccines that can stop pandemics no matter their origins.
In “The Plague Year,” Lawrence Wright tells the story of the pandemic that upended all of our lives — both the failures to combat it, and the science that saved us.
A Times obituary series that made the pandemic’s toll personal is ending.
Joe DeRisi invented a way to find pathogens that scientists didn’t even know to look for. Can it help prevent the next pandemic?
Many experts now say that the fixation on herd immunity as the only path back to normalcy is misguided.
Dr. Wu Lien-Teh helped change the course of a plague epidemic in the early 20th century and promoted the use of masks as a public health tool.
Vaccines helped people overlook their vulnerabilities even as many of them became suspicious of the benefits of those shots.
Colorado Mesa University and the Broad Institute of M.I.T. and Harvard have spent the last year exploring new approaches to managing outbreaks.
Swift mask mandates and travel restrictions, an international treaty and the creation of new bureaucracies are among the recommendations presented to the W.H.O.
In his new book, “The Premonition,” Lewis looks at the experts who perceived the shape of the pandemic and what could be done to stop it.
Widely circulating coronavirus variants and persistent hesitancy about vaccines will keep the goal out of reach. The virus is here to stay, but vaccinating the most vulnerable may be enough to restore normalcy.
Vaccination campaigns have always, eventually, succeeded.
Between 1920 and 2020, the average human life span doubled. How did we do it? Science mattered — but so did activism.
Widespread disease outbreaks have the potential to shock societies into new ways of living.
Don Brown’s “A Shot in the Arm!” — Book 3 in his Big Ideas That Changed the World series — couldn’t be more timely.
What have we learned from the year that lasted a century?
The coronavirus has spread into the most remote villages, a reminder of earlier pandemics that ravaged the state. Now there is a rush to deliver vaccines in time.
Dr. Anthony S. Fauci’s donation of his 3-D virus model to the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History comes as museums are working to document the Covid-19 era.
From cholera to AIDS, epidemics have given rise to landmarks around the world, be they sculptures, churches or feats of engineering. In this dire moment, their histories resonate.
The era of the Antonine Plague offers a reminder of what a powerful force nature has been throughout human history.