Doctors Debate Whether Trans Teens Need Therapy Before Hormones

Clinicians are divided over new guidelines that say teens should undergo mental health screenings before receiving hormones or gender surgeries.

#gender, #health-insurance-and-managed-care, #hormones, #mental-health-and-disorders, #psychology-and-psychologists, #teenagers-and-adolescence, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #your-feed-science, #youth

bell hooks and the Power of Talking Back for Black Women

Ms. hooks understood that voice and language are how marginalized people humanize themselves to themselves.

#black-people, #culture-arts, #discrimination, #freedom-of-speech-and-expression, #gender, #hooks-bell, #women-and-girls, #writing-and-writers

It Was bell hooks Who Taught Me How to ‘Talk Back’

Ms. hooks understood that voice and language are how marginalized people humanize themselves to themselves.

#black-people, #culture-arts, #discrimination, #freedom-of-speech-and-expression, #gender, #hooks-bell, #women-and-girls, #writing-and-writers

Heeding Warning Signs Before School Shootings

Readers criticize the school’s decision to allow Ethan Crumbley back into class, and the nation’s gun laws. Also: Chris Cuomo; gender-neutral in French; happiness.

#cnn, #crumbley-ethan, #cuomo-andrew-m, #cuomo-christopher, #firearms, #french-language, #gender, #happiness, #mass-shootings, #oxford-charter-township-mich-shooting-2021, #school-shootings-and-armed-attacks

‘The Feminine Urge’ Meme Explained

Journalists love subjecting online jokes to semantic dissection. So, shall we?

#gender, #social-media

In a Nonbinary Pronoun, France Sees a U.S. Attack on the Republic

When a French dictionary included the gender-nonspecific “iel” for the first time, a virulent reaction erupted over “wokisme” exported from American universities.

#academie-francaise, #dictionaries, #france, #french-language, #gender, #le-petit-robert-de-la-langue-francaise-book, #macron-brigitte

BIPOC or POC? Equity or Equality? Debating Words on the Left

For those pushing for changes in society on race and other issues, words matter. They can also muddle.

#black-people, #discrimination, #english-language, #gender, #hispanic-americans, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #race-and-ethnicity, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #united-states

As Chinese Women Seek to Crack Male Professions, Schools Stand in the Way

In China, some academic programs accept only men or cap the number of female applicants, who often must test higher than their male counterparts.

#admissions-standards, #china, #colleges-and-universities, #communist-party-of-china, #discrimination, #gender, #women-and-girls

Texas Removed an L.G.B.T.Q. Resource Page After a Candidate Complained

Don Huffines, who is challenging Gov. Greg Abbott in next year’s Republican primary, said the content on the state web page was “offensive.” It was quickly removed.

#abbott-gregory-w-1957, #gender, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #huffines-donald, #republican-party, #state-legislatures, #teenagers-and-adolescence, #texas, #texas-department-of-family-and-protective-services, #transgender-and-transsexuals

The End of Gender

Has fashion bid the binary goodbye?

#dress-codes, #fashion-and-apparel, #gender, #men-and-boys, #women-and-girls, #your-feed-fashion

Gender-Neutral Pronouns: The Singular ‘They’ and Alternatives

Some readers find the new usage of “they” confusing and offer other options such as “que” and “s/he.”

#gender, #grammar, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #language-and-languages, #mcwhorter-john, #transgender-and-transsexuals

Maria Ressa is Only the 18th Woman to Win the Nobel Peace Prize in 126 Years

Past recipients include the women’s rights activist Jane Addams; the Catholic saint Mother Teresa; and the African leader Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.

#awards-decorations-and-honors, #gender, #nobel-prizes, #ressa-maria, #women-and-girls

The Gender-Neutral Pronoun ‘They’ Causes a Stir

Readers argue against the usage of the gender-neutral “they,” but I’m not convinced.

#english-language, #gender, #gender-neutral, #grammar, #internal-sub-only, #nonbinary, #pronouns, #they

The W.N.B.A.’s Seattle Storm Are Winners. The City Should Fully Embrace Them

Inside the arena, Seattle Storm fans bring the passion. Outside, the city has yet to fully embrace a team that has won four W.N.B.A. championships.

#basketball, #bird-sue, #engelbert-catherine, #fans-persons, #gender, #loyd-jewell, #nba-2k-video-game, #parker-candace, #phoenix-mercury, #seattle-storm, #stewart-breanna-1994, #women-and-girls, #womens-national-basketball-assn

The Gender Binary in Language Classes

Languages that contain only “he” and “she” pronouns pose problems for communicating about gender identity. Here’s how some language teachers are helping.

#education, #english-language, #french-language, #gender, #genderfluid, #hebrew-language, #language-and-languages, #nonbinary, #spanish-language, #transgender-and-transsexuals

Sequins and Soul-Searching in the Competitive Dance World

Calls for change in this lucrative dance subculture have become broader and deeper, encompassing issues of race, gender and predatory behavior.

#black-people, #contests-and-prizes, #dancing, #discrimination, #gender, #race-and-ethnicity, #united-states

Apple says it pays everyone fairly—employees want receipts

Apple says it pays everyone fairly—employees want receipts

Enlarge (credit: Felix Wong/South China Morning Post)

Apple employees want to know if they’re being paid equitably, so some of them have been sending surveys to their colleagues to collect compensation information. The surveys are all opt-in, and several hundred people have participated so far.

The surveys stem in part from the fact that, in 2016, Tim Cook told investors that Apple had largely tackled pay inequality at the company. Women at Apple made 99.6 cents for every dollar men made, and underrepresented minorities made 99.7 cents for every dollar white workers made, Apple said. Those numbers probably sounded too good to be true to some people, and questionnaires started popping up in recent months.

At least two surveys were pulled by their authors, The Verge reported, after Apple’s “people team”—what some companies call human resources—claimed various infractions. Apple HR said the first survey’s questions about race, gender, ethnicity, and disability constituted personally identifying information. They nixed the second because it was hosted on the corporate Box account. When reached for comment, an Apple spokesperson would not confirm why the first two surveys were halted.

Read 5 remaining paragraphs | Comments

#apple, #compensation, #gender, #inequality, #pay-equity, #policy, #race

Lauren Berlant, Critic of the American Dream, Is Dead at 63

Professor Berlant’s book “Cruel Optimism” provided a popular term to describe false hopes in an increasingly unequal nation.

#berlant-lauren, #books-and-literature, #cruel-optimism-book, #deaths-obituaries, #gender, #income-inequality, #optimism, #university-of-chicago, #women-and-girls

What I Saw in My First 10 Years on Testosterone

What I saw in my first 10 years on testosterone.

#gender, #men-and-boys, #testosterone, #transgender-and-transsexuals

F.A.A. Committee Recommends a Pivot to Gender-Neutral Terminology

The committee suggested that the aviation administration replace words and phrases including “cockpit” and “man-made” with terms like “flight deck” and “manufactured.”

#air-traffic-control, #airlines-and-airplanes, #drones-pilotless-planes, #federal-aviation-administration, #gender, #language-and-languages

Return to Office? Some Women of Color Aren’t Ready

After more than a year of virtual work, employers are making plans to get back to the physical workplace. That has many workers worrying about the return of microaggressions and bias, too.

#black-people, #gender, #minorities, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #race-and-ethnicity, #women-and-girls, #workplace-environment

Title IX Protections Extend to Transgender Students, Education Dept. Says

Using a Supreme Court ruling as its guide, the department will issue guidance that says discrimination against gay and transgender students is prohibited under the 1972 law.

#athletics-and-sports, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #cardona-miguel-a-1975, #discrimination, #education-k-12, #education-department-us, #federal-aid-us, #gender, #states-us, #title-ix-gender-discrimination-legislation, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government, #women-and-girls

The Boys in Their Summer Dresses

Gender fluidity enters its next phase as men increasingly step out in skirts and frocks.

#dresses, #fashion-and-apparel, #gender, #men-and-boys, #summer-season, #your-feed-fashion

Lesbians in Ballet: ‘Has Anyone Like Me Ever Walked These Halls?’

Ballet’s strict gender norms put pressure on women to conform. But dancers who don’t are finding they’re not alone.

#queertheballet, #baker-alyah, #ballez-dance-co, #dancing, #gender, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #pierce-adriana-choreographer, #pyle-katy, #race-and-ethnicity, #women-and-girls

Instagram adds a dedicated spot for your pronouns

Seeing someone mention their pronouns in their Instagram bio has become commonplace — so much so that the app now has a dedicated location where users can put pronouns without taking up that valuable profile space.

The company announced the new feature on Twitter, saying that it is only available in a few countries just now, but will be arriving in more soon. I was able to make it work here in the U.S. in version 187 of the iOS app.

To set your pronoun, just go to your profile page, hit “Edit Profile,” then look in the list of items for an empty Pronouns field (this is different from the one deeper in “personal information settings). Tap that and you can pick what you prefer to be called by — up to four items.

Interestingly, the feature does not allow users to just type in whatever they want — presumably so the field is used for its intended purpose and not for gender-related “jokes.” I was able to find most of the pronouns on this list, and my guess is Instagram will add more if people ask. (I’ve contacted the company asking for more information.)

Whatever you choose will appear next to your name a slightly darker type — there’s also the option to show this only to followers, in case a person’s gender isn’t something they want to share publicly. Of course if you want to freeform it or use some emoji or fancy font, you can skip the “official” pronouns and do that instead.

Not everyone feels the need to share or specify their gender, but the practice has become so widespread that Instagram made a smart choice in making it an integrated part of the profile. It both saves space (now you can put “Doom metal fiend” and “Proud mom” on two lines) and endorses gender identity as something at least as important as links and other bio info.

#apps, #facebook, #gender, #instagram, #social

These Three Feminists Are Changing Argentina From the Inside

Paying women for unpaid work at home. Delivering food to transgender people. Building day care centers. Bit by bit, these women, appointed by the president to high-ranking positions, are restructuring society.

#argentina, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #gender, #politics-and-government, #women-and-girls, #womens-rights

Finding Beauty in the Ordinary

A selection of street photography from female artists around the world.

#culture-arts, #gender, #photography, #street-photography, #women-street-photographers-book

In Covid-19 Vaccine Data, LGBTQ People Fear Invisibility

Few states collect sexual orientation or gender identity data, so no one knows how many people in some communities are getting vaccinated.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #data-mining-and-database-marketing, #discrimination, #gender, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #united-states, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-science

Tamara Press, Olympian Whose Feats Raised Questions, Dies at 83

She won three gold medals in the 1960s but was the focus of speculation about her gender. She retired after pulling out of a track meet that would have required a sex test.

#athletics-and-sports, #deaths-obituaries, #gender, #intersex, #olympic-games-1960, #olympic-games-1964, #press-irina-1939-2004, #press-tamara, #shot-put, #track-and-field, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #women-and-girls, #world-athletics

As Old Murder Case Takes On New Life, Some Transgender People Dare Hope

Outraged by a long-ignored slaying in Honduras, lawyers are urging a human rights court in Central America to force governments to better protect transgender people in a region where they are targets.

#gender, #honduras, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #inter-american-court-of-human-rights, #latin-america, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #police-brutality-misconduct-and-shootings, #transgender-and-transsexuals

Transgender and Nonbinary Teens Share Their Stories in New Book Series

Written by four teenagers, the books aim to open up conversations about young people who are transgender or nonbinary.

#books-and-literature, #education-k-12, #gender, #gendercool-project, #non-binary, #teenagers-and-adolescence, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #writing-and-writers

10 Queer Indigenous Artists on Where Their Inspirations Have Led Them

While wide-ranging in scope and style, these pieces are alike in their power and depth.

#alaska, #art, #british-columbia-canada, #gender, #hawaii, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #indigenous-people, #mexico, #new-mexico, #spokane-wash, #transgender-and-transsexuals

What Do Women Want? For Men to Get Covid Vaccines.

As the Biden administration seeks to get most adults vaccinated by summer, men are holding back.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #defense-department, #gender, #men-and-boys, #unemployment, #vaccination-and-immunization, #women-and-girls, #your-feed-healthcare

The Vaccination Gender Gap: Women Are Getting Shots at a Higher Rate Than Men

As the Biden administration seeks to get most adults vaccinated by summer, men are holding back.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #defense-department, #gender, #men-and-boys, #unemployment, #vaccination-and-immunization, #women-and-girls, #your-feed-healthcare

Arizona Governor Vetoes Bill Restricting L.G.B.T.Q. Education

The Republican governor said the legislation, which would restrict lessons on sexual orientation and gender identity, was “overly broad and vague.”

#arizona, #ducey-doug-1964, #education-k-12, #gender, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #law-and-legislation, #politics-and-government, #sex-education, #state-legislatures, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #vetoes-us

There Could Never Be a Female Andrew Yang

No woman with his résumé would have a chance of becoming New York’s mayor.

#elections-mayors, #garcia-kathryn, #gender, #morales-dianne, #new-york-city, #primaries-and-caucuses, #wiley-maya, #women-and-girls, #yang-andrew-1975

Young Women Are Dropping Out of School and Work. Is Caregiving the Culprit?

While much of the economy is beginning to bounce back, young people — particularly young women — are living a different reality.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #families-and-family-life, #gender, #minorities, #unemployment, #united-states-economy, #women-and-girls, #youth

What Are Neopronouns?

Are you a person, place or thing? We have good news.

#english-language, #gender, #social-media, #your-feed-selfcare

Why Modern Medicine Keeps Overlooking Menopause

Brain fog, brittle nails, allergies, hair loss: There are at least 34 symptoms of perimenopause. Still, medical providers keep missing them.

#gender, #menopause, #menstruation, #north-american-menopause-society, #women-and-girls

How Do I Define My Gender if No One Is Watching Me?

Without a public eye, who are we?

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #gender, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #zoom-video-communications

Child Care in Crisis: Can Biden’s Plan Save It?

Child-care centers improvised during the pandemic, scrambling to stay open with razor-thin budgets and little government guidance. How long will the short-term solutions last?

#acca-child-development-center-annandale-va, #california, #child-care, #children-and-childhood, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #finances, #gender, #kinder-kare-michigan-child-care-centers-inc, #labor-and-jobs, #michigan, #ohana-family-child-care-vista-calif, #ohio, #rockport-early-childhood-center-rocky-river-ohio, #small-business, #united-states, #virginia, #women-and-girls

New York’s Department of Financial Services says Apple Card program didn’t violate fair lending laws

The New York State Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) released a report today that cleared the Apple Card credit card program of discriminatory practices and specifically, gender-based discrimination, following an investigation triggered by online complaints back in November 2019. At the time, tech entrepreneur David Heinemeier Hansson had called out Apple Card program, jointly run by Apple and Goldman Sachs, for gender-based discrimination after he received a credit limit that was 20 times higher than what his wife was offered — even though the couple filed joint tax returns and his wife had a higher credit score than he did.

Hansson’s tweet storm detailing the problem ending up going viral, generating responses from several others, including Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, who claimed they had similar experiences when applying for the Apple Card with their partners.

David’s wife, Jamie Heinemeier Hansson, had also penned a blog post documenting her experiences in more detail.

The numerous consumer complaints soon drew the attention of the New York Department of Financial Services, which then launched an investigation into Goldman Sachs’ credit card practices in order to see if gender-based discrimination was taking place, as alleged.

The NYDFS report, first spotted today by Appleinsider, notes that Goldman Sachs re-reviewed the credit files of the some of the women who had been initially been offered dramatically lower credit scores than their spouses, and decided to raise their limits to match those of their spouses. At the time, the bank also eliminated the six-month waiting period for appeals on credit decisions.

These actions seemed to indicate that the Apple Card algorithms were making bad calls on credit worthiness, potentially even on the basis of gender; but the Department says that’s not the case — though it did stress the need or credit score reforms and updating existing laws around credit access.

The NYDFS said it reviewed several thousands pages of record and written responses from Apple and Goldman Sachs, interviewed witnesses, met with representatives from Apple and the bank, and analyzed the bank’s underwriting data using a data set covering nearly 400,000 New York applicants. It also interviewed the consumers who had complained of discrimination.

The Department concluded that there was no “unlawful discrimination” against applicants under fair lending law. However, statements made by the Superintendent of Financial Services Linda A. Lacewell, did stress that there is still discrimination built into the credit lending system itself, and the way credit scores can lead to unequal access to credit.

“While we found no fair lending violations, our inquiry stands as a reminder of disparities in access to credit that continue nearly 50 years after the passage of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) ,” Lacewell said. “The report also notes that the use of credit scoring in its current form and laws and regulations barring discrimination in lending are in need of strengthening and modernization to improve access to credit. Consumer frustration with the Apple Card policy of not permitting an account holder to add an authorized user drew attention to the following: a person who relies on a spouse’s access to credit, and only accesses those accounts as an authorized user, may incorrectly believe they have the same credit profile as the spouse. This is one part of a broader discussion we must have about equal credit access,” she added.

One common factor among the consumers who complained was a belief that a spouse who had access to the same shared bank account or other shared assets, like credit cards — even if only as authorized users — would receive the same credit terms as their spouses. But the way the system works today, underwriters don’t have to consider an authorized user the same as an account holder, and they may consider other factors, too. Combined, these are what led to the lower lending decisions, the investigation found.

The Department said that, when asked, Goldman Sachs was able to document underwriting that determined its lending decisions for the consumer complaints. Gender was not a factor, but spouses’ credit scores, indebtedness, income, credit utilization, missed payments and other credit history elements were. None of the factors identified was an “unlawful basis” for a credit determination, the Department said.

Of course, the credit score system itself is one that overall, favors men. (And specifically, white men). There is no one single reason as to why that’s the case, but often has to do with women’s role as a primary caregiver, combined with how the credit scoring model operates. This is a system that needs reform, but as it relates to the Apple Card program and discrimination complaints, it was “lawfully” used to make the Apple Card lending decisions.

However, the Department did point out that there was a lack of transparency around Apple Card’s lending decisions — noting that although it was able to obtain the data about the bank’s decision for these complaints, the impacted consumers could not. It also suggested Apple could have offered a more robust appeals process, instead of requiring a six-month wait.

Apple has since responded to some of the issues raised, including by launching “Path to Apple Card” last year, which helps applicants follow steps that lead to an Apple Card approval. To date, more than 70K consumers have enrolled in this program and nearly 5,000 have been approved. Apple also updated its website with more information about how Apple Card approvals work. And now it’s in the process of adding support for Apple Card family sharing features — meaning, authorized users. This would address issues around spouses not being able to gain access to the higher credit lending limits at least.

But this investigation highlighted the problems Apple faced by pairing its trusted brand with a credit card issued by a traditional lender and the accompanying crummy banking practices consumers hate, as well as how a lack of transparency had undermined trust in the lending decisions that were made.

Apple hasn’t commented on the NYDHS report at this time.

 

 

 

 

#apple, #apple-card, #discrimination, #gender, #goldman-sachs, #tc

Sarah Everard and the U.K.’s Deadly Violence Against Women

The killing of Sarah Everard has exposed the deadly truth of violence in Britain.

#assaults, #everard-sarah, #gender, #great-britain, #london-england, #police, #police-brutality-misconduct-and-shootings

College Athletes Ask the N.C.A.A. to Protest Bills That Would Bar Transgender Competitors

There have been 25 state bills introduced this year that would prohibit transgender athletes, mainly women, from competing on teams matching their gender identity. Here’s what we know.

#american-civil-liberties-union, #athletics-and-sports, #gender, #house-of-representatives, #mississippi, #mosier-chris, #national-collegiate-athletic-assn, #politics-and-government, #south-dakota, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #women-and-girls

Texas School’s Lesson on Chivalry Asked Girls to ‘Walk Daintily’ and Obey Men

A Shallowater High School assignment meant to demonstrate medieval-era misogyny was scrapped after at least one parent objected.

#discrimination, #education-k-12, #gender, #homework, #lubbock-tex, #shallowater-high-school, #teachers-and-school-employees, #texas, #women-and-girls

E.U. Pushes Companies to Close Gender Pay Gap

Under a proposed law, companies in Europe could be punished if they fail to pay women and men the same salaries.

#brussels-belgium, #europe, #european-union, #gender, #labor-and-jobs, #women-and-girls, #womens-rights

What Makes a Good Leader, and Who Gets to Be One?

With a focus on compassion, empathy and humility, the book “Vital Voices” challenges long-held assumptions about power and how we wield it.

#books-and-literature, #executives-and-management-theory, #gender, #leadership, #nelson-alyse, #vital-voices-global-partnership-nonprofit, #vital-voices-100-women-using-their-power-to-empower-book, #women-and-girls

Mr. Potato Head Brand Goes Gender Neutral

Hasbro is dropping the Mr. from the Mr. Potato Head brand name and logo “to promote gender equality and inclusion,’’ the company said.

#dolls, #gender, #hasbro-inc, #mr-potato-head, #toys, #trademarks-and-trade-names

Mr. Potato Head Brand Goes Gender Neutral

Hasbro is dropping the Mr. from the Mr. Potato Head brand name and logo “to promote gender equality and inclusion,’’ the company said.

#dolls, #gender, #hasbro-inc, #mr-potato-head, #toys, #trademarks-and-trade-names

Passports May Soon Include a New Option for Gender Identity

Activists are pushing President Biden to uphold a campaign promise to add the nonbinary designation “X” to federal IDs.

#american-civil-liberties-union, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #drivers-licenses, #gender, #identification-devices, #intersex, #states-us, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #united-states-politics-and-government