Gangs Advance on the Seat of Haitian Government Power: ‘Haitians Are Hostages’

Over 470 people have been killed, injured or are missing in recent violence, according to the U.N., as gangs expand their control and threaten the presidential palace.

#aristide-jean-bertrand, #firearms, #gangs, #haiti, #jean-fritz-alphonse, #politics-and-government, #port-au-prince-haiti, #united-nations

A Year After President’s Murder, Haitians Keep Waiting to Hit Rock Bottom

In the year since President Jovenel Moïse was killed, the country’s despair has deepened. Gangs now vie with the government for control.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #child-abuse-and-neglect, #gangs, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #mercy-corps, #moise-jovenel-1968, #politics-and-government, #port-au-prince-haiti, #sex-crimes, #united-nations, #women-and-girls

The Cost of Haiti’s Freedom

Two centuries ago, Haitians revolted against their French masters and declared independence. But this freedom came at a price.

#audio-neutral-informative, #credit-and-debt, #france, #haiti

France’s Ransom

The Times reveals how Haiti became the poorest country in the Americas.

#colonization, #france, #haiti, #internal-storyline-no, #reparations

Aristide Demanded French Pay Reparations to Haiti. He Ended Up in Exile.

A firebrand Haitian president tried to hold France to account for its years of exploitation. He soon found himself ousted from power.

#aristide-jean-bertrand, #colonization, #france, #haiti, #reparations, #slavery-historical

Invade Haiti, Wall Street Urged. The U.S. Obliged.

The long occupation of Haiti began with a drumbeat from the bank that became Citigroup, decades of diplomatic correspondence and other records show.

#banking-and-financial-institutions, #citigroup-inc, #economic-conditions-and-trends, #farnham-roger-l, #france, #haiti, #national-city-bank, #united-states, #united-states-international-relations, #war-and-armed-conflicts

How a French Bank Captured Haiti

It helped finance the Eiffel Tower as it drained millions from Haiti. The bank, C.I.C., won’t talk about it, but The Times tracked how much its investors made — and what Haiti lost.

#banking-and-financial-institutions, #credit-industriel-et-commercial, #france, #haiti, #national-bank-of-haiti

How Much Haiti’s Freedom Cost: Takeaways From a Times Series

How did the modern world’s most successful slave revolt give birth to a desperately poor nation? Here is a summary of what a team of New York Times correspondents found out.

#aristide-jean-bertrand, #bonaparte-napoleon, #charles-x-king-of-france, #citigroup-inc, #colonization, #corruption-institutional, #credit-and-debt, #duvalier-francois, #france, #haiti, #piketty-thomas, #reparations, #slavery-historical, #united-states, #united-states-international-relations

The Root of Haiti’s Misery: Reparations to Enslavers

In 1791, enslaved Haitians ousted the French and founded a nation. But France made generations of Haitians pay for their freedom. How much it cost them was a mystery, until now.

#coffee, #colonization, #economic-conditions-and-trends, #france, #haiti, #poverty, #slavery-historical

Karine Jean-Pierre’s Unlikely Rise to the White House Lectern

The first Black and first openly gay press secretary was raised in an immigrant family with “so many secrets.” Now she occupies one of the most scrutinized jobs in American politics.

#city-council-nyc, #content-type-personal-profile, #doocy-peter, #gaspard-patrick, #haiti, #jean-pierre-karine, #moveon-org, #new-york-institute-of-technology, #news-and-news-media, #politics-and-government, #psaki-jennifer-r, #queens-nyc, #united-states-politics-and-government

Haitian Gang Leader Is Charged With Abducting American Missionaries

Prosecutors said Joly Germine directed the kidnapping operations of the 400 Mawozo gang, including the negotiations for the release of volunteers with Christian Aid Ministries.

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #gangs, #haiti, #justice-department, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries, #moise-jovenel-1968, #port-au-prince-haiti

A Haitian Photojournalist Finds Safety in Manhattan

Dieu-Nalio Chéry, who covered the strife that has plagued his country, became a target of the violence himself, but he and his family received help to settle in New York.

#content-type-personal-profile, #haiti, #real-estate-and-housing-residential, #renting-and-leasing-real-estate, #west-village-manhattan-ny

When a seismic network failed, citizen science stepped in

The Raspberry Shake, a simple seismograph based on Raspberry Pi hardware.

Enlarge / The Raspberry Shake, a simple seismograph based on Raspberry Pi hardware. (credit: Mike Hotchkiss, Raspberry Shake)

On the afternoon of January 12, 2010, a magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck about 16 miles west of Haiti’s capital of Port-au-Prince. Among the most significant seismic disasters recorded, more than 100,000 people lost their lives. The damage—costing billions of dollars—rendered more than a million people homeless and destroyed much of the region’s infrastructure. The earth tore at the relatively shallow depth of about 8 miles, toppling poorly constructed buildings.

At the time, Haiti had no national seismic network. After the devastating event, scientists installed expensive seismic stations around the country, but that instrumentation requires funding, care, and expertise; today, those stations are no longer functional. In 2019, seismologists opted to try something different and far less expensive—citizen seismology via Raspberry Shakes.

On the morning of August 14, 2021, amidst a summer of COVID-19 lockdowns and political unrest, another earthquake struck, providing the opportunity to test just how useful these Raspberry-pi powered devices could be. In a paper published on Thursday in Science, researchers described using the Raspberry Shake data to demonstrate that this citizen science network successfully monitored both the mainshock and subsequent aftershocks and provided data integral to untangling what turned out to be a less-than-simple rending of the earth.

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#earthquakes, #geology, #haiti, #raspberry-pi, #raspberry-shake, #science, #seismology

These Small, Cheap Devices Help Monitor Haiti’s Earthquakes

When conventional seismometers in Haiti failed before the 2010 quake, less sophisticated devices operated by citizen scientists helped seismic researchers fill in the blanks.

#computers-and-the-internet, #earthquakes, #haiti, #haiti-earthquake-august-2021, #science-journal, #seismometers

Paul Farmer, Pioneer of Global Health, Dies at 62

As a medical student, Dr. Farmer decided to build a clinic in Haiti. It grew into a vast network serving some of the world’s poorest communities.

#books-and-literature, #deaths-obituaries, #farmer-paul-e, #haiti, #kidder-tracy, #mountains-beyond-mountains-book, #partners-in-health, #rwanda, #third-world-and-developing-countries

Democrats Ask Biden to Review Treatment of Black Migrants

Senator Chuck Schumer, the majority leader, is among 100 Democrats seeking a review of how Black migrants are treated by the immigration enforcement system.

#asylum-right-of, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #border-patrol-us, #haiti, #homeland-security-department, #immigration-and-emigration, #immigration-detention, #race-and-ethnicity, #schumer-charles-e, #united-states-politics-and-government

Haiti Opposition Group Calls on U.S. to End Support for Current Government

With tensions rising, many see Monday as a deadline for the government to step down.

#gangs, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #martelly-michel, #moise-jovenel-1968

U.S. to Charge Suspect in Haiti President’s Murder, Widening Investigation

The case could help U.S. prosecutors get closer to the people who plotted the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse of Haiti.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #florida, #haiti, #jaar-rodolphe, #moise-jovenel-1968

Haitian Prime Minister Had Close Links With Murder Suspect

New evidence suggests the man who took over from Haiti’s murdered president had close links to a prime suspect in the assassination — and that the two stayed in contact even after the crime.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #coups-detat-and-attempted-coups-detat, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #moise-jovenel-1968

U.S. Seizes a Suspect in Assassination of Haiti’s President

A former Colombian commando is the first to face U.S. prosecution in the killing of Jovenel Moïse, after agents flew him to Miami from Panama.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #ctu-security, #haiti, #justice-department, #mercenaries-and-private-military-contractors, #miami-fla, #moise-jovenel-1968, #panama

Haiti Prime Minister Survives Assassination Attempt, His Office Says

Prime Minister Ariel Henry was the target of an unsuccessful attempt on his life over the weekend by gunmen in the northern city of Gonaïves, his office said Monday night.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #moise-jovenel-1968

Haiti Missionaries Describe Dramatic Escape From Kidnappers

The group of 12, including several children, walked 10 miles through the night. Later that day, the missionaries were on a Coast Guard flight to Florida.

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries, #north-america, #united-states-coast-guard

Haitian Migrants File Lawsuit Protesting Treatment by Border Patrol

Images of Border Patrol agents corralling Black migrants prompted criticism of the Biden administration’s response to an influx of thousands in Del Rio, Texas.

#asylum-right-of, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #border-patrol-us, #customs-and-border-protection-us, #del-rio-tex, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #haiti, #homeland-security-department, #illegal-immigration, #immigration-and-emigration, #office-of-professional-responsibility, #rio-grande-river, #suits-and-litigation-civil, #united-states-politics-and-government

As U.S. Navigates Crisis in Haiti, a Bloody History Looms Large

American policy decisions are vital to understanding Haiti’s political instability, and why it remains the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.

#aristide-jean-bertrand, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #caribbean-area, #coups-detat-and-attempted-coups-detat, #duvalier-francois, #elections, #haiti, #illegal-immigration, #immigration-and-emigration, #martelly-michel, #port-au-prince-haiti, #united-states-international-relations

Julius S. Scott, Groundbreaking Historian of the Caribbean, Dies at 66

In “The Common Wind,” he linked the Haitian Revolution to the spread of ideas by word of mouth as sailors and enslaved people navigated Atlantic commerce.

#black-people, #books-and-literature, #caribbean-area, #deaths-obituaries, #haiti, #history-academic-subject, #scott-julius-s-1955-2021, #slavery-historical, #the-common-wind-afro-american-currents-in-the-age-of-the-haitian-revolution-book

12 Remaining Members of U.S. Group Kidnapped in Haiti Have Been Released

Seventeen members of the group, Christian Aid Ministries, had been kidnapped by a gang in October. Five had been released earlier.

#haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #moise-jovenel-1968, #politics-and-government

Fuel Tanker Explodes in Haiti, Killing Dozens

Around 40 people died in the blast, according to initial reports. It was the latest tragedy to hit the country, which has been rocked by political violence, natural disasters, poverty and hunger.

#explosions-accidental, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #joseph-claude, #politics-and-government, #traffic-accidents-and-safety

Why Was Haiti’s President Assassinated?

An investigation into the killing of the Caribbean nation’s leader points to corruption and drug trafficking at the highest levels of government.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #audio-neutral-immersive, #haiti, #moise-jovenel-1968, #politics-and-government, #smuggling

Haiti’s Leader Kept a List of Drug Traffickers. His Assassins Came for It.

In the months before his murder, President Jovenel Moïse took a number of steps to fight drug and arms smugglers. Some officials now fear he was killed for it.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #corruption-institutional, #drug-abuse-and-traffic, #drug-enforcement-administration, #haiti, #les-cayes-haiti, #martelly-michel, #moise-jovenel-1968, #politics-and-government, #port-au-prince-haiti

Le président haïtien dressait une liste de narco-trafiquants. Ses tueurs l’ont saisie.

Dans les mois précédant son meurtre, Jovenel Moïse avait entrepris de lutter contre des trafiquants d’armes et de drogues. Certains responsables craignent aujourd’hui que ce fut sa perte.

#assassinations-and-attempted-assassinations, #corruption-institutional, #drug-abuse-and-traffic, #drug-enforcement-administration, #haiti, #les-cayes-haiti, #martelly-michel, #moise-jovenel-1968, #politics-and-government, #port-au-prince-haiti

Three of a Group of Missionaries Kidnapped in Haiti Have Been Released

The U.S. Christian aid group said three more people were released from a group of 17 that had been kidnapped by a gang in Haiti. Two had been released last month.

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries, #moise-jovenel-1968, #port-au-prince-haiti

Two of 17 Kidnapped Missionaries in Haiti Are Freed, Group Says

After being held hostage for 37 days by a gang, two people with a U.S. Christian aid group have been released in Port-au-Prince and are described as “safe.”

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #federal-bureau-of-investigation, #gangs, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries, #moise-jovenel-1968, #state-department

Unauthorized Migration Across the Mexico-U.S. Border Slips

Border crossings declined for the third consecutive month in October, but thousands of Haitians and other migrants were waiting in Mexico, hoping to head north.

#border-patrol-us, #deportation, #haiti, #illegal-immigration, #immigration-and-emigration, #mexico, #migration-policy-institute

The U.S. Needs a Hemispheric Migration Strategy

The U.S. should move from a border policy approach to a truly regional and collaborative plan of action.

#brazil, #central-america, #chile, #colombia, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #costa-rica, #cuba, #darien-gap, #haiti, #immigration-and-emigration

Gangs Rule Much of Haiti. For Many, It Means No Fuel, No Power, No Food.

A country in crisis is facing a severe fuel shortage that is pushing it to the brink of collapse.

#digicel, #gangs, #haiti, #hospitals, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #port-au-prince-haiti, #shortages, #strikes, #trucks-and-trucking

The Haiti Kidnapping Shows Gangs Are Getting Stronger

To restore stability in Haiti, the government must get the gangs under control. International actors also have an important role to play.

#crime-and-criminals, #gangs, #haiti, #missionaries, #moise-jovenel-1968

‘Morally, They Are Lost’: Gangs in Haiti, Breaking a Taboo, Target the Church

A French priest in Haiti recalls his kidnapping by 400 Mawozo, the same gang holding 16 Americans and a Canadian, including children, for ransom.

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #gangs, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #roman-catholic-church

The Around-the-Clock Prayer Effort to Save the Haiti Hostages

Seventeen missionaries remain held for a large ransom. And so, every 30 minutes, another family or church takes up the mantle. Waiting. Praying through the night.

#amish, #christian-aid-ministries, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #mennonite-churches, #missionaries, #united-states

Haitian Kidnappers Threaten to Kill Missionaries

As negotiators worked to secure the release of 17 people associated with an Ohio-based missionary group, their kidnappers released a video threatening their lives.

#christian-aid-ministries, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries

In Haiti, Gangs Gain Power as Security Vacuum Grows

Gangs have long held sway in the country, but their dominance has expanded in recent years and the government has been accused of using them as tools of repression.

#400-mawozo-gang, #gangs, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #levin-andrew-s-1960, #missionaries, #moise-jovenel-1968, #politics-and-government, #search-and-seizure, #united-states

After Del Rio, Calls for Fairer Treatment of Black Migrants

The treatment of Haitians apprehended in Del Rio, Texas, has galvanized civil rights groups and others to press for change.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #black-people, #border-patrol-us, #customs-and-border-protection-us, #del-rio-tex, #deportation, #haiti, #haitian-americans, #homeland-security-department, #illegal-immigration, #immigration-and-emigration, #magnus-chris-1960, #mayorkas-alejandro, #united-states-politics-and-government

F.B.I. Is Working in Haiti to Recover Kidnapped Missionaries

The agency is part of the U.S. effort to reach the 17 people taken by a gang on Saturday, in the latest example of the violence that is leaving Haitians desperate.

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #gangs, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries, #port-au-prince-haiti

Protests Against Lawlessness Erupt in Haiti

The desperation of Haitians in the face of powerful gangs fueled the calls for a broad strike. The kidnapping of missionaries on Saturday added to the tense atmosphere.

#400-mawozo-gang, #christian-aid-ministries, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #gangs, #haiti, #henry-ariel, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #missionaries, #port-au-prince-haiti

For Christian Aid Ministries, Charity in Haiti Turns to Chaos

An organization based in Ohio and founded by Amish and Mennonites has been swept up in the violence roiling the country.

#amish, #boise-idaho, #brantly-kent, #brunson-andrew, #christians-and-christianity, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #mennonite-churches, #missionaries, #ohio, #philanthropy, #port-au-prince-haiti, #seventh-day-adventists

Mass Abduction of U.S. Missionaries Startles Even Kidnap-Weary Haiti

“Where is this country going?” Gang members seized 16 Americans and one Canadian, among them five children, as they visited an orphanage.

#amish, #gangs, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #mennonite-churches, #missionaries, #politics-and-government

‘400 Mawozo’ Gang Suspected in Kidnapping Among Haiti’s Most Dangerous

The gang, “400 Mawozo,” captured several clergy members in April, and the local authorities say it is behind Saturday’s kidnapping.

#400-mawozo, #gangs, #haiti, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #port-au-prince-haiti

What America Owes Haitian Asylum Seekers

This is about morals. It’s also about the law.

#asylum-right-of, #corruption-institutional, #del-rio-tex, #haiti, #haitian-americans, #immigration-and-emigration, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #united-nations

Haitian Immigrants in New York Describe Perilous Escape

Dieu Nalio Chery, a photojournalist, fled Haiti after gangs threatened his life. His latest subjects are others who, like him, are far from home.

#deportation, #haiti, #haiti-earthquake-august-2021, #haitian-americans, #new-york-city

Perilous, Roadless Jungle Becomes a Path of Desperate Hope

The recent surge at the Mexican border is likely to grow, as more migrants, mostly Haitian, risk everything negotiating the notorious Darién Gap on their way to the U.S.

#colombia, #darien-gap, #haiti, #immigration-and-emigration, #mayorkas-alejandro, #panama, #south-america, #united-states

Thousands of Haitians Are Being Allowed Into the U.S. But What Comes Next?

Members of a Haitian church in Philadelphia opened their hearts and pocketbooks to sponsor a family of immigrants. Then came another, and another.

#beersheba-adventist-church, #haiti, #haitian-americans, #immigration-and-emigration, #philadelphia-pa, #trenton-nj