Verda Tetteh Won a $40,000 Scholarship Then Asked That it Go To Someone With More Need

Verda Tetteh, 17, was awarded the scholarship during the graduation ceremony at her Massachusetts high school. Moments later, she returned it and said it should go to a student who needed it more.

#colleges-and-universities, #community-colleges, #education-k-12, #education-secondary, #harvard-university, #immigration-and-emigration, #scholarships-and-fellowships, #verda-tetteh

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E.P.A. to Review Rules on Soot Linked to Deaths, Which Trump Declined to Tighten

The Biden administration says it will consider tougher limits on a deadly air pollutant that disproportionately affects low-income and minority communities.

#air-pollution, #american-lung-assn, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #environmental-protection-agency, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #harvard-university, #lungs, #medicine-and-health, #regan-michael-s-1976, #respiratory-diseases, #trump-donald-j

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Cornelia Oberlander, a Farsighted Landscape Architect, Dies at 99

Her acclaimed modernist but naturalist designs recognized the fragility of the climate and the social effects of parks and playgrounds.

#architecture, #area-planning-and-renewal, #british-columbia-canada, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #deaths-obituaries, #erickson-arthur-v, #gardens-and-gardening, #harvard-university, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #oberlander-cornelia-hahn, #playgrounds

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As Harvard Case Looms at Supreme Court, Study Tests Value of Diversity

After prestigious law reviews adopted diversity policies for choosing student editors, researchers found, the articles they published were cited more often.

#admissions-standards, #affirmative-action, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-law-review-journal, #harvard-university, #minorities, #research, #supreme-court-us

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Jerome Kagan, Who Tied Temperament to Biology, Dies at 92

A Harvard psychologist, he originally attributed personality traits to nurturing only. Then he concluded, We’re largely born this way.

#biology-and-biochemistry, #children-and-childhood, #deaths-obituaries, #harvard-university, #kagan-jerome, #parenting, #psychology-and-psychologists

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What Should Museums Do With the Bones of the Enslaved?

As one museum has pledged to return skulls held in an infamous collection, others, including the Smithsonian, are reckoning with their own holdings of African-American remains.

#black-people, #bunch-lonnie-g-iii, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #morton-samuel-george, #museums, #native-americans, #race-and-ethnicity, #skull-body-part, #slavery-historical, #smithsonian-institution, #university-of-pennsylvania-museum-of-archaeology-and-anthropology

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Elite Universities Welcome More Diverse Freshman Class

The aftermath of the George Floyd protests and a decreased reliance on standardized tests have led to more diverse admissions at elite universities.

#admissions-standards, #colleges-and-universities, #cornell-university, #grading-of-students, #harvard-university, #race-and-ethnicity, #university-of-california-los-angeles, #university-of-southern-california, #yale-university

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Want a Strong Economy? Stop Ignoring Public Health.

Michelle A. Williams, epidemiologist and dean of Harvard’s school of public health, has a lesson for politicians like Ron DeSantis.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #desantis-ron, #harvard-school-of-public-health, #harvard-university, #vaccination-and-immunization, #williams-michelle-a

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When Boston Ruled the Music World

Three recent recordings conjure the mid-20th-century moment when the city was a center of innovative composition.

#boston-mass, #boston-modern-orchestra-project, #boston-university, #brandeis-university, #classical-music, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #jazz, #kirchner-leon, #new-england-conservatory, #opera, #schuller-gunther, #shapero-harold-1920-2013, #the-fisherman-and-his-wife-opera

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Test Flight for Sunlight-Blocking Research Is Canceled

The Swedish Space Corporation said it had canceled the flight — part of research to better understand the controversial idea of blocking the sun to fight climate change — after an outcry from environmentalists and others.

#global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #harvard-university, #research

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Carola Eisenberg Dies at 103; Helped Start Physicians for Human Rights

She helped start the nonprofit after documenting atrocities in Latin America. She was also a pioneering educator at M.I.T. and Harvard.

#argentina, #colleges-and-universities, #deaths-obituaries, #eisenberg-carola-1917-2021, #harvard-university, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #massachusetts-institute-of-technology, #physicians-for-human-rights, #psychiatry-and-psychiatrists

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Cornel West Leaves Harvard for Union Theological Seminary

The public intellectual and professor of African-American studies will head to Union Theological Seminary in New York.

#colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #tenure, #union-theological-seminary, #west-cornel

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Images of Slaves Are Property of Harvard, Not a Descendant, Judge Rules

The woman who says the enslaved people are her ancestors plans to appeal the decision “about the patriarch of a family, a subject of bedtime stories.”

#decisions-and-verdicts, #harvard-university, #lanier-tamara, #massachusetts, #photography, #slavery-historical, #suits-and-litigation-civil

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Cornel West Is in a Fight With Harvard, Again

The popular professor, who left Harvard in 2002 after a dispute with its president, says he may leave again if the university does not grant him tenure.

#bacow-lawrence-s, #black-people, #colleges-and-universities, #cornel-west, #garcia-pena-lorgia, #harvard-university, #race-and-ethnicity

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Coronavirus Vaccine Finder Aims to Help Americans Get Shots

VaccineFinder.org is an ambitious but limited attempt to simplify Americans’ search for vaccines.

#centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #harvard-university, #united-states-politics-and-government, #vaccination-and-immunization

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Bernard Lown, Inventive Heart Doctor and Antiwar Activist, Dies at 99

He created the first effective heart defibrillator and co-founded a physicians group that campaigned against nuclear war, earning a Nobel Peace Prize.

#deaths-obituaries, #defibrillators, #doctors, #harvard-university, #heart, #implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-icd, #international-physicians-for-the-prevention-of-nuclear-war, #lown-bernard, #nobel-prizes, #nuclear-weapons

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EV charging stations, biofuels, the hydrogen transition and chemicals are pillars of Shell’s climate plan

Royal Dutch Shell Group, one of the largest publicly traded oil producers in the world, just laid out its plan for how the company will survive in a zero-emission, climate conscious world.

It’s a plan that rests on five main pillars that include the massive rollout of electric vehicle charging stations; a greater emphasis on lubricants, chemicals, and biofuels; the development of a significantly larger renewable energy generation portfolio and carbon offset plan; and the continued development of hydrogen and natural gas assets while slashing oil production by 1% to 2% per year and investing heavily in carbon capture and storage.

These four large categories cut across the company’s business operations and represent one of the most comprehensive (if high level) plans from a major oil company on how to keep their industry from becoming the next victim of the transition to low emission (and eventually) zero emission energy and power sources (I’m looking at you, coal industry).

“Our accelerated strategy will drive down carbon emissions and will deliver value for our shareholders, our customers and wider society,” said Royal Dutch Shell Chief Executive Officer, Ben van Beurden, in a statement.

To keep those shareholders from abandoning ship, the company also committed to slashing costs and boosting its dividend per share by around 4% per year. That means giving money back to investors that might have been spent on expensive oil and gas exploration operations. The company also committed too pay down its debt and make its payouts to shareholders 20% to 30% of its cash flow from operations. That’s… very generous.

gas vs electric vehicles

Image Credits: Bryce Durbin

The Plan

Shell is a massive business with more than 1 million commercial and industrial customers and about 30 million customers coming to its 46,000 retail service stations daily, according to the company’s own estimates. The company organized its thinking around what it sees as growth opportunities, energy transition opportunities, and then the gradual obsolescence of its upstream drilling and petroleum production operations.

In what it sees as areas for growth, Shell intends to invest around $5 billion to $6 billion to its initiatives including the development of 500,000 electric vehicle charging locations by 2025 (up from 60,000 today) and an attendant boost in retail and service locations to facilitate charging.

The company also said it would be investing heavily in the expansion of biofuels and renewable energy generation and carbon offsets. The company wants to generate 560 terawatt hours a year by 2030, which is double the amount of electricity it generates today. Expect to see Shell operate as an independent power producer that will provide renewable energy generation as a service to an expected 15 million retail and commercial customers.

Finally the company sees the hydrogen economy as another area where it can grow.

In places where Shell already has assets that can be transitioned to the low carbon economy, the company’s going to be doubling down on its bets. That means zero emission natural gas production and a trebling down on chemicals manufacturing (watch out Dow and BASF). That means more recycling as well, as the company intends to process 1 million tons of plastic waste to produce circular chemicals.

Upstream, which was the heart of the oil and gas business for years, the company said it would “focus on value over volume” in a statement. What that means in practice is looking for easier, low cost wells to drill (something that points to the continued importance of the Middle East in the oil economy for the foreseeable future). The company expects to reduce its oil production by around 1% to 2% per year. And the company’s going to be investing in carbon capture and storage to the tune of 25 million tons per year through projects like the Quest CCS development in Canada, Norway’s Northern Lights project, and the Porthos project n the Netherlands.

“We must give our customers the products and services they want and need – products that have the lowest environmental impact,” van Beurden said in a statement.”At the same time, we will use our established strengths to build on our competitive portfolio as we make the transition to be a net-zero emissions business in step with society.”

Money or finance green pattern with dollar banknotes. Banking, cashback, payment, e-commerce. Vector background.

Money talk

For the company to survive in a world where revenues from its main business are cut, it’s also going to be keeping operating expenses down and will be looking to sell off big chunks of the business that no longer make sense.

That means expenses of no more than $35 billion per year and sales of around $4 billion per year to keep those dividends and cash to investors flowing.

“Over time the balance of capital spending will shift towards the businesses in the Growth pillar, attracting around half of the additional capital spend,” the company said. “Cash flow will follow the same trend and in the long term will become less exposed to oil and gas prices, with a stronger link to broader economic growth.”

Shell set targets for reducing its carbon intensity as part of the pay that’s going to all of the company’s staff and those targets are… eye opening. It’s looking at reductions in carbon intensity of 6-8% by 2023, 20% by 2030, 45% by 2035 and 100% by 2050, using a baseline of 2016 as its benchmark.

The company said that its own carbon emissions peaked in 2018 at 1.7 giga-tons per year and its oil production peaked in 2019.

The context

Shell’s not taking these steps because it wants to, necessarily. The writing is on the wall that unless something dramatic is done to stop fossil fuel pollution and climate change, the world faces serious consequences.

A study released earlier this week indicated that air pollution from fossil fuels killed 18% of the world’s population. That means burning fossil fuels is almost as deadly as cancer, according to the study from researchers led by Harvard University.

Beyond the human toll directly tied to fossil fuels, there’s the huge cost of climate change, which the U.S. estimated could cost $500 billion per year by 2090 unless steps are taken to reverse course.

#air-pollution, #articles, #basf, #biofuels, #canada, #chemicals, #chief-executive-officer, #e-commerce, #electricity, #energy, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #harvard-university, #middle-east, #netherlands, #norway, #oil, #oil-and-gas, #renewable-energy, #tc, #united-states

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Running Is a Total Body Affair

We can thank our heads and shoulders — and not just our knees and toes — that we evolved to run as well as we do.

#american-journal-of-physical-anthropology, #content-type-service, #evolution-biology, #exercise, #harvard-university, #head-body-part, #muscles, #running

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Metalenz reimagines the camera in 2D and raises $10M to ship it

As impressive as the cameras in our smartphones are, they’re fundamentally limited by the physical necessities of lenses and sensors. Metalenz skips over that part with a camera made of a single “metasurface” that could save precious space and battery life in phones and other devices… and they’re about to ship it.

The concept is similar to, but not descended from, the “metamaterials” that gave rise to flat beam-forming radar and lidar of Lumotive and Echodyne. The idea is to take a complex 3D structure and accomplish what it does using a precisely engineered “2D” surface — not actually two-dimensional, of course, but usually a plane with features measured in microns.

In the case of a camera, the main components are of course a lens (these days it’s usually several stacked), which corrals the light, and an image sensor, which senses and measures that light. The problem faced by cameras now, particularly in smartphones, is that the lenses can’t be made much smaller without seriously affecting the clarity of the image. Likewise sensors are nearly at the limit of how much light they can work with. Consequently most of the photography advancements of the last few years have been done on the computational side.

Using an engineered surface that does away with the need for complex optics and other camera systems has been a goal for years. Back in 2016 I wrote about a NASA project that took inspiration from moth eyes to create a 2D camera of sorts. It’s harder than it sounds, though — usable imagery has been generated in labs, but it’s not the kind of thing that you take to Apple or Samsung.

Metalenz aims to change that. The company’s tech is built on the work of Harvard’s Frederico Capasso, who has been publishing on the science behind metasurfaces for years. He and Rob Devlin, who did his doctorate work in Capasso’s lab, co-founded the company to commercialize their efforts.

“Early demos were extremely inefficient,” said Devlin of the field’s first entrants. “You had light scattering all over the place, the materials and processes were non-standard, the designs weren’t able to handle the demands that a real world throws at you. Making one that works and publishing a paper on it is one thing, making 10 million and making sure they all do the same thing is another.”

Their breakthrough — if years of hard work and research can be called that — is the ability not just to make a metasurface camera that produces decent images, but to do it without exotic components or manufacturing processes.

“We’re really using all standard semiconductor processes and materials here, the exact same equipment — but with lenses instead of electronics,” said Devlin. “We can already make a million lenses a day with our foundry partners.”

Diagram comparing the multi-lens barrel of a conventional phone camera, and their simpler "meta-optic"

The thing at the bottom is the chip where the image processor and logic would be, but the meta-optic could also integrate with that. the top is a pinhole.

The first challenge is more or less contained in the fact that incoming light, without lenses to bend and direct it, hits the metasurface in a much more chaotic way. Devlin’s own PhD work was concerned with taming this chaos.

“Light on a macro [i.e. conventional scale, not close-focusing] lens is controlled on the macro scale, you’re relying on the curvature to bend the light. There’s only so much you can do with it,” he explained. “But here you have features a thousand times smaller than a human hair, which gives us very fine control over the light that hits the lens.”

Those features, as you can see in this extreme close-up of the metasurface, are precisely tuned cylinders, “almost like little nano-scale Coke cans,” Devlin suggested. Like other metamaterials, these structures, far smaller than a visible or near-infrared light ray’s wavelength, manipulate the radiation by means that take a few years of study to understand.

Diagram showing chips being manufactured, then an extreme close up showing nano-scale features.The result is a camera with extremely small proportions and vastly less complexity than the compact camera stacks found in consumer and industrial devices. To be clear, Metalenz isn’t looking to replace the main camera on your iPhone — for conventional photography purposes the conventional lens and sensor are still the way to go. But there are other applications that play to the chip-style lens’s strengths.

Something like the FaceID assembly, for instance, presents an opportunity. “That module is a very complex one for the cell phone world — it’s almost like a Rube Goldberg machine,” said Devlin. Likewise the miniature lidar sensor.

At this scale, the priorities are different, and by subtracting the lens from the equation the amount of light that reaches the sensor is significantly increased. That means it can potentially be smaller in every dimension while performing better and drawing less power.

Image (of a very small test board) from a traditional camera, left, and metasurface camera, right. Beyond the vignetting it’s not really easy to tell what’s different, which is kind of the point.

Lest you think this is still a lab-bound “wouldn’t it be nice if” type device, Metalenz is well on its way to commercial availability. The $10M round A they just raised was led by 3M Ventures, Applied Ventures LLC, Intel Capital, M Ventures and TDK Ventures, along with Tsingyuan Ventures and Braemar Energy Ventures — a lot of suppliers in there.

Unlike many other hardware startups, Metalenz isn’t starting with a short run of boutique demo devices but going big out of the gate.

“Because we’re using traditional fabrication techniques, it allows us to scale really quickly. We’re not building factories or foundries, we don’t have to raise hundreds of mils; we can use whats already there,” said Devlin. “But it means we have to look at applications that are high volume. We need the units to be in that tens of millions range for our foundry partners to see it making sense.”

Although Devlin declined to get specific, he did say that their first partner is “active in 3D sensing” and that a consumer device, though not a phone, would be shipping with Metalenz cameras in early 2022 — and later in 2022 will see a phone-based solution shipping as well.

In other words, while Metalenz is indeed a startup just coming out of stealth and raising its A round… it already has shipments planned on the order of tens of millions. The $10M isn’t a bridge to commercial viability but short term cash to hire and cover up-front costs associated with such a serious endeavor. It’s doubtful anyone on that list of investors harbors any serious doubts on ROI.

The 3D sensing thing is Metalenz’s first major application, but the company is already working on others. The potential to reduce complex lab equipment to handheld electronics that can be fielded easily is one, and improving the benchtop versions of tools with more light-gathering ability or quicker operation is another.

Though a device you use may in a few years have a Metalenz component in it, it’s likely you won’t know — the phone manufacturer will probably take all the credit for the improved performance or slimmer form factor. Nevertheless, it may show up in teardowns and bills of material, at which point you’ll know this particular university spin-out has made it to the big leagues.

#3m, #braemar-energy-ventures, #funding, #fundings-exits, #gadgets, #hardware, #harvard, #harvard-university, #intel, #intel-capital, #metamaterials, #photography, #recent-funding, #sensors, #startups, #tc, #tdk

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At Elite Medical Centers, Even Workers Who Don’t Qualify Are Vaccinated

Administrators and young graduate students have been inoculated at leading research hospitals, contrary to state and federal guidelines.

#brigham-and-womens-hospital, #colleges-and-universities, #columbia-university, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #harvard-university, #health-department-nys, #hospitals, #massachusetts-general-hospital, #new-york-university, #new-york-university-langone-medical-center, #united-states, #vaccination-and-immunization, #vanderbilt-university-medical-center, #your-feed-science

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Igloos and Iceless Curling: How New York Hopes to Fight Off a Grim Winter

The threat of the virus has transformed outdoor spaces that would normally sit empty during cold-weather months — though some options are priced beyond the reach of many New Yorkers.

#area-planning-and-renewal, #brooklyn-public-library, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #garment-district-alliance, #harvard-university, #kayden-jerold-s, #new-york-city, #quarantine-life-and-culture, #weather

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Alzheimer’s Researchers Study a Rare Brain

A woman in Colombia with a rare genetic mutation recently made the ultimate donation to science.

#aliria-rosa-piedrahita-de-villegas, #alzheimers-disease, #boston-mass, #brain, #dementia, #genetics-and-heredity, #harvard-university, #lopera-francisco, #massachusetts-general-hospital, #medellin-colombia, #research, #university-of-antioquia, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

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Artists Ask MoMA to Remove Philip Johnson’s Name, Citing Racist Views

A group of more than 30 artists and academics have signed a letter asking institutions like the Museum of Modern Art to excise the influential architect’s name from their spaces.

#architecture, #discrimination, #harvard-university, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #johnson-philip, #museum-of-modern-art, #museums, #names-organizational, #new-york-city, #race-and-ethnicity

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Why 3rd Grade Matters

Well, many reasons. But Harvard economist Raj Chetty says that’s the age at which America’s “Einsteins” are identified — and lost.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #charlotte-nc, #chetty-raj, #education, #harvard-university, #income-inequality, #india, #internal-revenue-service, #social-media, #united-states

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Former Harvard Fencing Coach Peter Brand Accused of Taking Bribes

Prosecutors said a wealthy businessman, who is also charged, bribed the coach to help get his sons admitted to Harvard.

#brand-peter-a-1953, #college-admissions-scandal-2019, #federal-bureau-of-investigation, #harvard-university

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Federal Appeals Court Rules That Harvard Does Not Discriminate in Admissions

The case, filed by Asian-American plaintiffs, could now go to the Supreme Court, which has been the goal of groups seeking to end affirmative action.

#admissions-standards, #affirmative-action, #appeals-courts-us, #blum-edward-j, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #students-for-fair-admissions, #suits-and-litigation-civil, #supreme-court-us

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These Researchers Tested Positive. But the Virus Wasn’t the Cause.

Several scientists working with harmless genetic material have discovered that their research may have contaminated their coronavirus tests.

#brown-university, #colleges-and-universities, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #harvard-university, #laboratories-and-scientific-equipment, #massachusetts-institute-of-technology, #research, #roger-williams-university, #tests-medical, #workplace-hazards-and-violations

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No Grumpy Old Men in the Chimp World

Older male chimps follow a pattern that researchers also see in humans, preferring to have positive relationships with a few good friends.

#age-chronological, #animal-behavior, #arizona-state-university, #dar-es-salaam-tanzania, #friendship, #goodall-jane, #harvard-university, #machanda-zarin-p, #monkeys-and-apes, #rosati-alexandra-g, #science-journal, #tufts-university, #uganda, #university-of-michigan, #your-feed-science

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Scientist Accused of Hiding Chinese Funds Sues Harvard, Saying It Abandoned Him

Charles M. Lieber, the chair of Harvard’s chemistry department, claimed in the lawsuit that the university turned its back on a “dedicated faculty member.”

#china, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #industrial-espionage, #justice-department, #lieber-charles-m-1959, #research, #suits-and-litigation-civil

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Justice Dept. Sues Yale, Citing Illegal Race Discrimination

The department says the school’s admissions practices violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Yale’s president says the allegation was based on “inaccurate statistics and unfounded conclusions.”

#admissions-standards, #affirmative-action, #asian-americans, #colleges-and-universities, #discrimination, #harvard-university, #justice-department, #race-and-ethnicity, #salovey-peter, #yale-university

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The Vikings Were More Complicated Than You Might Think

One of the biggest surveys ever of ancient DNA offers new evidence of who the Vikings were and where they went raiding and trading.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #denmark, #england, #estonia, #genetics-and-heredity, #great-britain, #harvard-university, #nature-journal, #race-and-ethnicity, #reich-david-e-1974, #research, #scandinavia, #university-of-copenhagen, #uppsala-university, #vikings, #willerslev-eske, #your-feed-science

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Daily Coronavirus Testing at Home? Many Experts Are Skeptical

The buzzy idea is impractical, critics said. And there isn’t yet real-world data to show it will work.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #harvard-university, #health-and-human-services-department, #laboratories-and-scientific-equipment, #shortages, #tests-medical, #united-states

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Inflation Is Higher Than the Numbers Say

While government statistics say inflation is low, the reality is that the cost of living has risen during the pandemic, especially for poorer Americans.

#bureau-of-labor-statistics, #consumer-price-index, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #costco-wholesale-corporation, #delivery-services, #discount-selling, #discrimination, #e-commerce, #harvard-university, #inflation-economics, #instacart, #klenow-peter, #prices-fares-fees-and-rates, #quarantines, #shopping-and-retail, #shortages, #social-security-us, #twitter, #united-states-economy, #university-of-michigan

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These Scientists Are Giving Themselves D.I.Y. Coronavirus Vaccines

Impatient for a coronavirus vaccine, dozens of scientists around the world are giving themselves — and sometimes, friends and family — their own unproven versions.

#antibodies, #biotechnology-and-bioengineering, #church-george-m, #clinical-trials, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #do-it-yourself, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #harvard-university, #regulation-and-deregulation-of-industry, #research, #science-and-technology, #suits-and-litigation-civil, #vaccination-and-immunization, #washington-state, #your-feed-healthcare

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A Woman May Have Been Cured of H.I.V. Without Medical Treatment

In dozens of other patients who suppress the virus without drugs, it seems to have been cornered in parts of the genome where it cannot reproduce, scientists reported.

#acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome, #bone-marrow, #genetics-and-heredity, #harvard-university, #immune-system, #nature-journal, #transplants, #your-feed-science

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Climate Activists Gain Seats on Harvard Oversight Board

The candidates were the first ones elected through a petition campaign since 1989, when anti-apartheid activists put Archbishop Desmond Tutu on the panel.

#boycott-divestment-and-sanctions-bds, #environment, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #harvard-university, #oil-petroleum-and-gasoline

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Justice Dept. Says Yale Discriminates. Here’s What Students Think.

The Trump administration’s charge that the university discriminates against Asian-American applicants was disputed by many Asian-American students and others.

#admissions-standards, #affirmative-action, #colleges-and-universities, #discrimination, #harvard-university, #ivy-league, #justice-department, #race-and-ethnicity, #university-of-north-carolina, #yale-university

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Will Cars Rule the Roads in Post-Pandemic New York?

Newly emboldened, many New Yorkers want to repurpose streets for walking, biking, dining and schools, even as traffic returns.

#bicycles-and-bicycling, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #de-blasio-bill, #harvard-university, #kayden-jerold-s, #lander-brad, #new-york-building-congress, #new-york-city, #partnership-for-new-york-city, #restaurants, #riders-alliance, #roads-and-traffic, #transit-systems, #transportation-alternatives

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The United States Is Reopening Many of the Wrong Schools

When it is safe enough to return to school, young children would benefit the most. Yet financial pressures are pushing colleges to reopen most rapidly, an economist says.

#ann-arbor-mich, #berkeley-calif, #boston-mass, #budgets-and-budgeting, #california, #children-and-childhood, #colleges-and-universities, #community-colleges, #computers-and-the-internet, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-reopenings, #davidson-college, #e-learning, #education-k-12, #education-week, #harvard-university, #house-of-representatives, #los-angeles-calif, #miami-fla, #michigan, #philadelphia-pa, #private-and-sectarian-schools, #quarantines, #san-diego-calif, #san-francisco-calif, #senate, #states-us, #tuition, #united-states-economy, #university-of-california, #university-of-california-berkeley, #university-of-massachusetts, #university-of-michigan

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Dementia on the Retreat in the U.S. and Europe

Rates of dementia have steadily fallen over the past 25 years, a new study finds. But the disease is increasingly common in some parts of the world.

#alzheimers-disease, #blood-pressure, #dementia, #disease-rates, #elderly, #harvard-university, #neurology-journal, #united-states

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Aboard the Diamond Princess, a Case Study in Aerosol Transmission

A computer model of the cruise-ship outbreak found that the virus spread most readily in microscopic droplets light enough to linger in the air.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #cruises, #disease-rates, #harvard-university, #illinois-institute-of-technology, #masks, #princess-cruises, #protective-clothing-and-gear, #research, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

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Inside Johnson & Johnson’s Nonstop Hunt for a Coronavirus Vaccine

In Boston and in the Netherlands, scientists are racing to build a vaccine against the virus strangling the world.

#beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center, #boston-mass, #clinical-trials, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-reopenings, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #harvard-university, #janssen-pharmaceutica, #johnsonjohnson, #netherlands, #public-private-sector-cooperation, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-science

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How a Famous Harvard Professor Became a Target Over His Tweets

The outcry over free speech and race takes aim at Steven Pinker, the best-selling author and well-known scholar.

#colleges-and-universities, #freedom-of-speech-and-expression, #harvard-university, #linguistic-society-of-america, #pinker-steven

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Government Rescinds Plan to Strip Visas From Foreign Students in Online Classes

The Trump administration said it would no longer require international students to attend in-person classes during the coronavirus pandemic in order to remain in the country.

#colleges-and-universities, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #foreign-students-in-us, #harvard-university, #immigration-and-customs-enforcement-us, #massachusetts-institute-of-technology, #suits-and-litigation-civil

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The Administration Retreated on Student Visas, but the Battle Isn’t Over

The international scholars the administration was threatening to send home are vital to American innovation and competitiveness.

#coronavirus-reopenings, #foreign-students-in-us, #harvard-university, #massachusetts-institute-of-technology

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17 States Sue to Block Student Visa Rules

A legal battle between universities and the Trump administration over foreign students and online learning escalated on Monday, ahead of a critical federal court hearing.

#colleges-and-universities, #coronavirus-reopenings, #foreign-students-in-us, #harvard-university, #healey-maura-1971, #immigration-and-customs-enforcement-us, #international-study-and-teaching, #massachusetts-institute-of-technology

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Ivy League Places all Sports on Hold Until January

The league’s decision could be influential for other university presidents as they consider how to handle the coronavirus pandemic. It is the first Division I conference to suspend football for the fall.

#colleges-and-universities, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-reopenings, #football-college, #harvard-university, #ivy-league, #national-collegiate-athletic-assn

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What Harvard and Your Local Commuter College Now Have in Common

For colleges in the middle of the pack, the financial calculus during the pandemic looks very different, with in-person classes on campus a way to survive.

#colleges-and-universities, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-reopenings, #e-learning, #foreign-students-in-us, #harvard-university, #trump-donald-j

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Colleges Plan to Reopen Campuses, but for Just Some Students at a Time

To provide some semblance of the campus experience during a pandemic, colleges say large chunks of the student body will have to stay away and study remotely for all or part of the year.

#colleges-and-universities, #cornell-university, #coronavirus-reopenings, #dormitories, #e-learning, #foreign-students-in-us, #georgia-institute-of-technology, #harvard-university, #immigration-and-customs-enforcement-us, #princeton-university, #rutgers-the-state-university-of-new-jersey, #stanford-university, #tuition, #university-of-pennsylvania, #yale-university

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College Is Worth It, but Campus Isn’t

Bringing millions of students back to campus would create enormous risks for society but comparatively little educational benefit, an economist says.

#boston-university, #california, #california-state-university, #colleges-and-universities, #computers-and-the-internet, #coronavirus-reopenings, #e-learning, #education-k-12, #florida, #fort-benning-ga, #georgia, #harvard-university, #layoffs-and-job-reductions, #northeastern-university, #quarantines, #rural-areas, #sex-crimes, #shutdowns-institutional, #stanford-university, #tuition, #united-states-army, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #university-of-michigan, #workplace-environment

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