Weight Loss Tied to a Dramatic Drop in Cancer Risk, New Study Shows

Researchers found that subjects who underwent weight loss surgery also showed a sharp decrease in their likelihood of dying from cancer.

#bariatric-surgery, #cancer, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #obesity, #research, #weight

Daily Aspirin Regimen May Cause Bleeding

Millions of Americans take aspirin to prevent a first heart attack or stroke. Now, doctors are advising against it — especially for people over 70.

#american-college-of-cardiology, #aspirin, #blood-pressure, #elderly, #heart, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #preventive-medicine, #stroke, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

Calling TIAs Strokes Could Help Patients Seek Proper Care, Neurologists Say

Two neurologists argue that calling T.I.A.s what they are — minor strokes — could prompt patients to seek the help they need more quickly.

#elderly, #emergency-medical-treatment, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #stroke, #united-states

Alcohol-Related Deaths Spiked During the Pandemic, a Study Shows

The deaths were up 25 percent in 2020 compared with 2019 as stressors accumulated and treatment was delayed, according to a new report.

#alcohol-abuse, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #deaths-fatalities, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #mental-health-and-disorders, #national-institute-on-alcohol-abuse-and-alcoholism, #united-states, #your-feed-science

How to Disseminate Science Quickly

What’s the best way to release timely research without letting bad information get out?

#academic-and-scientific-journals, #arxiv, #internal-sub-only-nl, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #research, #science-and-technology

Former Biden Advisers Urge a Pandemic Strategy for the ‘New Normal’

In a striking critique, six prominent health experts who advised President Biden’s transition team called for an entirely new domestic coronavirus strategy.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #bright-rick-a, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #emanuel-ezekiel-j, #gounder-celine, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #michaels-david-1954, #osterholm-michael-t, #united-states-politics-and-government

Why Stress May Be Your Heart’s Worst Enemy

Psychological stress activates the fear center in the brain, setting into motion a cascade of reactions that can lead to heart attacks and strokes.

#anxiety-and-stress, #blood-pressure, #brain, #cholesterol, #emotions, #heart, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #meditation, #mental-health-and-disorders, #psychology-and-psychologists, #research, #stroke, #tai-chi, #yoga

Bariatric Surgery May Lower Risk for Severe Liver Disease, New Study Finds

Obesity is a leading cause of fatty liver condition. Patients who had weight-loss surgery showed fewer signs of the disease progressing.

#bariatric-surgery, #cleveland-clinic, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #liver, #obesity, #research, #weight, #your-feed-healthcare

Moderna vs. Pfizer: Both Knockouts, but One Seems to Have the Edge

A series of studies found that the Moderna vaccine seemed to be more protective over the long term than the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Here’s why.

#biontech-se, #clinical-trials, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #immune-system, #johnsonjohnson, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #moderna-inc, #pfizer-inc, #united-states, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-science

Overweight Adults Should Be Screened for Diabetes at 35, Experts Say

Nearly one in seven Americans now has diabetes, a record rate. The condition also raises the risk of severe illness after coronavirus infection.

#black-people, #diabetes, #hispanic-americans, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #obesity, #united-states, #united-states-preventive-services-task-force, #weight, #your-feed-science, #youth

Medical Journals Reluctant to Take on Racism, Critics Say

An editor’s departure at JAMA is bringing calls for a sharper focus on racism and its consequences.

#academic-and-scientific-journals, #american-medical-assn, #apologies, #discrimination, #doctors, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #medicine-and-health, #minorities, #new-england-journal-of-medicine, #podcasts, #race-and-ethnicity, #your-feed-science

Editor of JAMA to Step Down Following Racist Incident

Dr. Howard Bauchner will leave his post after a colleague suggested “taking racism out of the conversation” on a journal podcast.

#academic-and-scientific-journals, #american-medical-assn, #appointments-and-executive-changes, #bauchner-howard, #doctors, #jama-journal-of-american-medical-assn, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #livingston-edward-h, #race-and-ethnicity, #your-feed-science

Covid Vaccines Protect Pregnant Women, Study Confirms

The shots may also have benefits for infants and do not seem to damage the placenta, according to the latest research.

#antibodies, #breastfeeding, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #immune-system, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #moderna-inc, #obstetricsgynecology-journal, #pfizer-inc, #pregnancy-and-childbirth, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-healthcare

Earlier Diabetes Onset Could Raise Dementia Risk

The younger the age at diagnosis for Type 2 diabetes, the higher the risk for Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia years later.

#alzheimers-disease, #children-and-childhood, #dementia, #diabetes, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #obesity, #weight

JAMA Editor Placed on Leave Following Racial Controversy

After a staff member dismissed racism as a problem in medicine on a podcast, a petition signed by thousands demanded a review of editorial processes at the journal.

#academic-and-scientific-journals, #american-medical-assn, #bauchner-howard, #black-people, #discrimination, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #podcasts, #race-and-ethnicity, #your-feed-science

Ivermectin Does Not Alleviate Mild Covid-19 Symptoms, Study Finds

Ivermectin, a drug typically used to treat parasitic worms, has been prescribed widely during the coronavirus pandemic, but rigorous data has been lacking.

#colombia, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

Scientific Journals Commit to Diversity but Lack the Data

Several prominent publishers said they did not track the race and ethnicity of the researchers contributing to their platforms.

#academic-and-scientific-journals, #american-assn-for-the-advancement-of-science, #black-people, #cell-journal, #discrimination, #elife-journal, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #lancet-the-journal, #minorities, #nature-journal, #new-york-times, #pnas-journal, #public-library-of-science-plos, #race-and-ethnicity, #royal-society, #science-journal, #science-and-technology, #springer-nature, #your-feed-science

‘Amazing, Isn’t It?’ Long Sought Blood Test for Alzheimer’s in Reach

Scientists say such tests could be available in a few years, speeding research for treatments and providing a diagnosis for dementia patients who want to know if they have Alzheimer’s disease.

#alzheimers-assn, #alzheimers-disease, #clinical-trials, #dementia, #eli-lilly-and-company, #frontotemporal-dementia, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #lund-university, #research, #tests-medical, #university-of-california-san-francisco, #your-feed-science

C.D.C. Data Shows U.S. Coronavirus Infections Much Higher Than Reported

Data from antibody tests in 10 different cities and states indicate that many people with no symptoms may be spreading the virus.

#centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disease-rates, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #quarantines, #tests-medical, #your-feed-healthcare

Patient, Can You Spare a Dime?

Hospitals are increasingly soliciting donations from patients, and the patients don’t much like it, a new survey finds.

#bribery-and-kickbacks, #doctors, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #finances, #high-net-worth-individuals, #hospitals, #jagsi-reshma, #johns-hopkins-university, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #philanthropy, #united-states, #university-of-michigan

Tsunami or Ripple? The Pandemic’s Mental Toll Is an Open Question

Some health officials have forecast a steep rise in new mental health disorders. Others say the impact isn’t likely to last.

#antidepressants, #anxiety-and-stress, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #depression-mental, #disasters-and-emergencies, #drugs-pharmaceuticals, #emotions, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #kaiser-family-foundation, #loneliness, #mental-health-and-disorders, #olfson-mark-1958, #post-traumatic-stress-disorder, #psychiatry-and-psychiatrists, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

You’re Getting Used to Masks. Will You Wear a Face Shield?

The clear plastic guards may be easier to wear, disinfect and reuse than cloth or surgical face coverings, although they don’t entirely replace the need for masks.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #face-shields, #hygiene-and-cleanliness, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #masks, #perencevich-eli, #protective-clothing-and-gear, #social-distancing, #virus-transmission, #workplace-hazards-and-violations, #your-feed-science

Nearly All Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19 Had Chronic Health Issues, Study Finds

Only 6 percent of patients at one New York area health system had no chronic conditions. Hypertension, obesity and diabetes were common.

#china, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #deaths-fatalities, #diabetes, #fever, #hospitals, #immune-system, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #long-island-ny, #men-and-boys, #new-york-city, #new-york-metropolitan-area, #northwell-health, #obesity, #research, #ventilators-medical, #women-and-girls, #wuhan-china, #your-feed-science

They Recovered From the Coronavirus. Were They Infected Again?

In a few cases, patients again tested positive for the virus after they were no longer ill. But little is known about the virus, and it’s possible that testing flaws may be to blame.

#china, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #epidemics, #journal-of-the-american-medical-assn, #research, #sars-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome, #tests-medical, #your-feed-healthcare