Research has shown that they shared many behaviors that we long believed to be uniquely human. Why did science get them so wrong?
An archaeological excavation south of Rome uncovered fossil remains of nine Neanderthals, along with the bones of hyenas, elephants and rhinoceroses.
A reconstructed Neanderthal ear adds a new piece to the puzzle of whether the early humans could speak.
A shift in Earth’s poles 42,000 years ago may have drastically altered the planet’s climate, scientists have found — and they’re naming the period after the author Douglas Adams.
Researchers grew clusters of brain cells in the lab with a gene carried by our ancient ancestors.
In “Kindred,” Rebecca Wragg Sykes offers a complete new story about Neanderthals, both how they lived and how they met their end.
The stretch of six genes seems to increase the risk of severe illness from the coronavirus.
Archaeologists in Germany found a throwing stick that might have been used by a species that preceded Neanderthals.