Masatoshi Koshiba, 94, Dies; Nobel Winner Tracked Ghostly Neutrinos

A physics teacher had flunked him, denigrating his abilities. Dr. Koshiba set out to prove the teacher was wrong.

#deaths-obituaries, #koshiba-masatoshi, #neutrinos, #nobel-prizes, #physics

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Nobel Peace Prize: A Growing List of Questionable Choices

From Aung San Suu Kyi to Abiy Ahmed, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded at least six times in the past three decades to recipients whose recognition is being second-guessed.

#ahmed-abiy, #arafat-yasir, #aung-san-suu-kyi, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #kim-dae-jung, #nobel-prizes, #obama-barack, #peres-shimon, #rabin-yitzhak, #santos-juan-manuel, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity

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What’s Happening in Ethiopia Is a Tragedy

Much of the blame must be laid at the door of the prime minister.

#ahmed-abiy, #ethiopia, #ethiopian-peoples-revolutionary-democratic-front-eprdf, #nobel-prizes, #oromia-ethiopia, #tigray-ethiopia, #tigray-peoples-liberation-front, #tigrayans-ethnic-group

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Crispr Gene Editing Can Cause Unwanted Changes in Human Embryos, Study Finds

Instead of addressing genetic mutations, the Crispr machinery prompted cells to lose entire chromosomes.

#cell-journal, #chromosomes, #crispr-dna, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #ethics-and-official-misconduct, #genetic-engineering, #genetics-and-heredity, #mitalipov-shoukhrat, #nobel-prizes, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

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Kara Swisher and Dr. Jennifer Doudna on CRISPR and Its Possibilities

Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Jennifer Doudna talks to Kara Swisher about the power — and pitfalls — of CRISPR gene-editing technology

#charpentier-emmanuelle-m-1968, #crispr-dna, #doudna-jennifer-a, #genetics-and-heredity, #nobel-prizes

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Trump’s False Claims as He Resumes His Rallies After Hospitalization

In Florida, the president made a series of inaccurate claims about his election opponent, the coronavirus pandemic, the Nobel Peace Prize and Cuba, among other topics.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #cuba, #florida, #nobel-prizes, #presidential-election-of-2020, #rumors-and-misinformation, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-economy, #united-states-politics-and-government

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2020 Nobel in Economics Is Awarded to Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson

The two U.S. academics were honored for their work in auction theory.

#nobel-prizes

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2020 Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to U.N. World Food Program

The agency was awarded the prize for providing food assistance to millions around the world, particularly during the coronavirus pandemic.

#food-insecurity, #nobel-prizes, #united-nations, #world-food-program

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The Poet Louise Glück Talks About Winning the Nobel Prize in Literature

“It seemed to be extremely unlikely that I would ever have this particular event to deal with in my life.”

#books-and-literature, #gluck-louise, #nobel-prizes, #poetry-and-poets, #writing-and-writers

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Louise Glück, a Nobel Winner Whose Poems Have Abundant Intellect and Deep Feeling

Our critic says it’s relatively easy to understand Glück’s poems, but also impossible to utterly get to the bottom of them.

#books-and-literature, #gluck-louise, #nobel-prizes, #poetry-and-poets

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Louise Glück Is Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

The American writer was lauded “for her unmistakable poetic voice.”

#books-and-literature, #nobel-prizes, #writing-and-writers

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Charpentier and Doudna’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry Honors a Revolution

With Crispr, two scientists turned a curiosity of nature into an invention that will transform the human race.

#charpentier-emmanuelle-m-1968, #chemistry, #crispr-dna, #doudna-jennifer-a, #nobel-prizes

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry Awarded to 2 Scientists for Work on Genome Editing

Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna developed the Crispr tool, which can change the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with high precision.

#chemistry, #genetic-engineering, #medicine-and-health, #nobel-prizes, #your-feed-science

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Three scientists win Nobel Physics Prize for groundbreaking black hole work

Image of the night sky above Paranal, Chile, on July 21, 2007, showing the galactic center of the Milky Way. The laser creates a guide-star for the telescope.

Enlarge / Image of the night sky above Paranal, Chile, on July 21, 2007, showing the galactic center of the Milky Way. The laser creates a guide-star for the telescope. (credit: European Southern Observatory/Y. Beletsky)

The 2020 Nobel Prize in physics has been awarded to Roger Penrose “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity.” He shares it with Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy.”

Penrose, the Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford, will receive half of the 10 million Swedish kronor (more than US$1.1 million) prize money. He helped solidify the theoretical foundation for black hole physics in the 1960s by providing the seminal mathematical proof that black holes were a direct consequence of general relativity.

Genzel is acting director of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Germany and a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, while Ghez is a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. They will each receive one-quarter of the prize money. Genzel and Ghez each lead astronomy groups that have mapped the orbits of stars closest to the center of our Milky Way—a region known as Sagittarius A*—giving us the best evidence to date that there is a supermassive black hole at our galaxy’s center. That work was aided immeasurably by the development of advanced adaptive optics tools to counter the distorting effects of the Earth’s atmosphere.

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#nobel-prize-in-physics, #nobel-prizes, #physics, #science

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Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded to 3 Scientists for Work on Black Holes

The prize was awarded half to Roger Penrose for showing how black holes could form and half to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for discovering a supermassive object at the Milky Way’s center.

#nobel-prizes, #your-feed-science

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2020 Nobel Prize Winners: Full List

Winners of the 2020 prizes in the sciences, literature, peace and economics.

#nobel-prizes, #oslo-norway, #stockholm-sweden

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Nobel Prize in Medicine Awarded to Scientists Who Discovered Hepatitis C Virus

Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice were jointly honored for their decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis, a major global health problem.

#medicine-and-health, #nobel-prizes, #norway, #your-feed-science

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After Hiroshima’s Carnage, Setsuko Thurlow Devoted Her Life to Peace

Setsuko Thurlow, a survivor of the atomic bombing in Hiroshima 75 years ago this month, has used the power of her personal story to try to rid the world of nuclear weapons.

#arms-control-and-limitation-and-disarmament, #canada, #hiroshima-japan, #international-campaign-to-abolish-nuclear-weapons-ican, #nobel-prizes, #nuclear-weapons, #thurlow-setsuko, #world-war-ii-1939-45

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You Need Something New to Watch. What About the Universe?

Discover the boundaries of science — from your couch.

#einstein-albert, #gravitation-and-gravity, #laser-light-amplification-by-stimulated-emission-of-radiation, #laser-interferometer-gravitational-wave-observatory-ligo, #massachusetts-institute-of-technology, #nobel-prizes, #weiss-rainer-1932

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John Houghton, Who Sounded Alarm on Climate Change, Dies at 88

He led the United Nations panel on global warming that won a Nobel Peace Prize; he died from complications of the coronavirus

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #deaths-obituaries, #global-warming, #great-britain, #houghton-john-t-1931-2020, #intergovernmental-panel-on-climate-change, #nobel-prizes, #united-nations

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