The routine summer practice of filling Europe’s natural gas tanks has become a battle after Russia cut deliveries by more than half.
Poland gets more than 45 percent of its natural gas from Russia, most of it through a single pipeline that will no longer make deliveries to the country.
Gerhard Schröder, who is paid almost $1 million a year by Russian-controlled energy companies, has become a pariah. But he is also a symbol of Germany’s Russia policy.
Dangerously dependent on Russian gas, Germany is still refusing to cut off President Putin, whose war it is effectively subsidizing to the tune of some $220 million a day.
A wind turbine factory in Denmark and a coal mine in Poland illustrate the painful policy choices after Russia’s aggression in Ukraine added urgency to the transition to greener energy.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine strains the long-held idea that shared interests around business and commerce can deflect military conflict.
Moscow relies on the money it makes by selling oil and gas, but that energy fuels Europe’s economy and heats its homes.
Energy security has gained prominence while the conflict in Ukraine raises concerns over the possible interruption in the supply of oil and natural gas.
President Vladimir V. Putin has learned from earlier U.S.-led sanctions, and his allies could benefit from a more isolated Russia.
Vladimir Putin sets down a marker in Ukraine. Does the West have the means to stop him?
The European Union hopes to restrain Moscow by keeping bigger penalties in reserve. The question is whether the bloc can stay united on more serious measures if deemed necessary.
The hope is to restrain Moscow by keeping bigger penalties in reserve, but the question is whether the bloc could stay united on more serious measures if they were needed over several years.
An increasingly belligerent Russia, an energy crunch and a new Green minister of economics all add up to a change of direction in Germany’s policy on natural gas.
The two leaders are meeting amid concerns that Germany has not been a forceful enough partner in calming tensions between Russia and Ukraine.
Olaf Scholz will try to repair Germany’s credibility in the Ukraine crisis when he meets President Biden on Monday. Next on his agenda: Kyiv and Moscow.
Germany’s allies have begun to question what price Berlin is prepared to pay to deter Russia, and even its reliability as an ally, as it wavers on tough measures.
The president laid bare divisions over Russian meddling in Ukraine, even if they have long been there for all to see.
The measure pitted Ukraine’s president, who was pushing for the penalties, against the Biden administration, which successfully lobbied Democrats to oppose them.
Four hours of frank and serious discussion between Russia and the 30-member alliance leave unanswered whether Vladimir V. Putin will choose diplomacy or war.
The Nord Stream 2 Russia-to-Germany pipeline could offer plentiful natural gas. But tensions with Vladimir Putin are keeping it out of reach.
Sanctions, like aiming to cut oil exports, could also hurt European allies. “It’s a limited toolbox,” one expert said.
President Biden said a Russian invasion of Ukraine would result in heavy economic penalties for Mr. Putin
The meeting was a big foreign policy test for President Biden, with consequences for the stability of Europe, the credibility of American threats and the future of Ukraine.
The decision to delay certification of the Russia-to-Germany gas pipeline comes amid rising political tensions between the West and Russia.
In his most direct comments to date on the contentious Russian pipeline, President Vladimir V. Putin called it an “obvious” way to relieve Europe’s soaring natural gas prices.
Dozens of nominations have been held up by a fight between the Texas senator and the Biden administration over a Russian gas pipeline project.
Britain and the rest of Europe are watching natural gas prices and utility bills soar, and Russia is coming under pressure to provide more gas.
A visit by Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken spotlighted the relief of Germans who endured the Trump administration’s hostility.
The new president’s vow to restore the trans-Atlantic alliance is welcome, but Europeans want a more balanced relationship, with more dialogue and less diktat.
The sanctions are the first targeting the Nord Stream 2 undersea pipeline, which is to carry natural gas directly from Russia to Germany, whose government backs the project.
Why has the poisoning of Alexei Navalny been met with Western silence?