Covid Lab-Leak Theory Renews “Gain-of-Function” Research Debate

Talk of ‘gain-of-function’ research, a muddy category at best, brings up deep questions about how scientists should study viruses and other pathogens.

#avian-influenza, #bats, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #laboratories-and-scientific-equipment, #research, #science-and-technology, #united-states-politics-and-government, #viruses, #your-feed-science

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A Mysterious Crater’s Age May Add Clues to the Dinosaur Extinction

Boltysh crater in Ukraine formed around the same time as the Chicxulub event, raising questions about its role in this tumultuous era.

#asteroids, #dinosaurs, #earth, #geology, #research, #science-advances-journal, #ukraine, #your-feed-science

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These Brittle Stars Have Thousands of ‘Pig Snouts’ on Each Arm

Scientists have described a new family of brittle stars from a single specimen from a seamount off New Caledonia.

#fish-and-other-marine-life, #new-caledonia, #proceedings-of-the-royal-society-b-journal, #research, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

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New Report Paints Bleak Picture of Diversity in the Music Industry

The Annenberg Inclusion Initiative examined 4,060 executives at six types of companies, and found 19.8 percent were from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups.

#annenberg-inclusion-initiative, #black-people, #labor-and-jobs, #minorities, #music, #race-and-ethnicity, #research, #universal-music-group, #university-of-southern-california, #women-and-girls

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Covid Survivors Smell Foods Differently

Long after some people have recovered from the virus, they find certain foods off-putting.

#chemical-senses-journal, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #food, #monell-chemical-senses-center, #research, #senses-and-sensation, #smell-olfaction, #taste, #your-feed-healthcare

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Many Post-Covid Patients Are Experiencing New Medical Problems, Study Finds

An analysis of health insurance records of almost 2 million coronavirus patients found new issues in nearly a quarter — including those whose Covid infection was mild or asymptomatic.

#chronic-condition-health, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #fair-health-inc, #health-insurance-and-managed-care, #research, #your-feed-healthcare, #your-feed-science

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Study Finds Many Post-Covid Patients Are Experiencing New Medical Problems

An analysis of health insurance records of almost 2 million coronavirus patients found new issues in nearly a quarter — including those whose Covid infection was mild or asymptomatic.

#chronic-condition-health, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #fair-health-inc, #health-insurance-and-managed-care, #research, #your-feed-healthcare, #your-feed-science

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NASA’s Juno Mission Reveals What’s Beneath Jupiter’s Pretty Clouds

NASA’s Juno probe is beginning an extended mission that may not have been possible if it hadn’t experienced engine trouble when it first arrived at the giant planet.

#europa-moon-of-jupiter, #ganymede-jupiter-moon, #io-moon-of-jupiter, #juno-spacecraft, #jupiter-planet, #national-aeronautics-and-space-administration, #research, #rocket-science-and-propulsion, #space-and-astronomy

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Shi Zhengli, Chinese Virologist, Faces Scrutiny Over Wuhan Lab Research

Shi Zhengli, a top virologist, said in a rare interview that speculation about her lab in Wuhan was baseless. But China’s habitual secrecy makes her claims hard to validate.

#bats, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disease-rates, #fauci-anthony-s, #research, #sars-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome, #science-and-technology, #shi-zhengli, #tedros-adhanom-ghebreyesus, #wang-linfa, #wuhan-institute-of-virology-china

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China’s ‘Bat Woman,’ at the Center of a Pandemic Storm, Speaks Out

Shi Zhengli, a top virologist, said in a rare interview that speculation about her lab in Wuhan was baseless. But China’s habitual secrecy makes her claims hard to validate.

#bats, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disease-rates, #fauci-anthony-s, #research, #sars-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome, #science-and-technology, #shi-zhengli, #tedros-adhanom-ghebreyesus, #wang-linfa, #wuhan-institute-of-virology-china

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Glacier Blood? Watermelon Snow? Whatever It’s Called, Snow Shouldn’t Be So Red.

Researchers are starting to investigate the species that drive alpine algal blooms to better understand their causes and effects.

#algae, #alps-mountains, #french-alps, #frontiers-in-plant-science-journal, #glaciers, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #mountains, #research, #snow-and-snowstorms, #your-feed-science

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Vaccinated Adults Helps Protect Unvaccinated Children, Study Finds

The study, based on anonymized Israeli medical records, showed that vaccination’s benefits extend to people who have not received a shot.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #internal-essential, #israel, #ksm-kahn-sagol-maccabi-research-and-innovation-institute, #nature-medicine-journal, #research, #technion-israel-institute-of-technology, #vaccination-and-immunization

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The Vaccines We Have Are Good. But They Could Be So Much Better.

The U.S. needs to be prepared with proactive vaccines that can stop pandemics no matter their origins.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #defense-advanced-research-projects-agency, #epidemics, #pandemics, #research, #united-states-politics-and-government, #vaccination-and-immunization

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Jessica Morris, Whose Brain Cancer Was Her Cause, Dies at 57

After her diagnosis of glioblastoma in 2016, she founded an organization that advocated for patients and research.

#brain-cancer, #deaths-obituaries, #glioblastoma, #morris-jessica-1963-2021, #our-brain-bank-nonprofit, #research

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AstraZeneca Shots Carry Slightly Higher Risk of Bleeding Problem, New Study Says

But the research, involving 2.53 million adults in Scotland, found that the vaccine’s benefits outweighed the small risks.

#astrazeneca-plc, #blood, #blood-clots, #content-type-service, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #johnsonjohnson, #nature-medicine-journal, #oxford-university, #pfizer-inc, #research, #scotland, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-healthcare

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How To Get a Better Night’s Sleep

You can overcome ‘coronasomnia.’ Experts say it just takes practice building new and better habits.

#anxiety-and-stress, #beds-and-bedding, #caffeine, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #habits-and-routines-behavior, #insomnia, #mental-health-and-disorders, #psychology-and-psychologists, #research, #sedatives, #sleep

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Senate Passes Bill to Bolster Competitiveness With China

The wide margin of support reflected a sense of urgency among lawmakers in both parties about shoring up the technological and industrial capacity of the United States to counter Beijing.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #china, #democratic-party, #energy-department, #innovation, #international-relations, #international-trade-and-world-market, #law-and-legislation, #national-aeronautics-and-space-administration, #national-science-foundation, #politics-and-government, #research, #schumer-charles-e, #senate, #shortages, #space-and-astronomy, #united-states, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

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NASA’s Juno Takes Photos of Ganymede, Jupiter’s Biggest Moon

The Juno spacecraft completed a close flyby of Ganymede, Jupiter’s biggest moon, as it transitions into a new phase of its mission.

#ganymede-jupiter-moon, #juno-spacecraft, #national-aeronautics-and-space-administration, #research, #rocket-science-and-propulsion, #space-and-astronomy

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Can’t See Pictures in Your Mind? You’re Not Alone.

Scientists are finding new ways to probe two not-so-rare conditions to better understand the links between vision, perception and memory.

#brain, #eyes-and-eyesight, #research, #science-and-technology, #your-feed-science

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Carbon Dioxide in Atmosphere Hits Record High Despite Pandemic Dip

Global emissions dropped last year, but the decline wasn’t nearly enough to halt the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

#carbon-dioxide, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #mauna-loa-volcano-hawaii, #national-oceanic-and-atmospheric-administration, #research, #scripps-institution-of-oceanography

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This Tiny Creature Survived 24,000 Years Frozen in Siberian Permafrost

The microscopic animals were frozen when woolly mammoths still roamed the planet, but were restored as though no time had passed.

#animals, #current-biology-journal, #microbiology, #research, #siberia, #temperature, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

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FEMA Disaster Aid Often Widens Racial Disparities

The federal government often gives less help to Black disaster survivors than their white neighbors. That’s a challenge for President Biden, who has vowed to fight both inequality and climate change.

#black-people, #disasters-and-emergencies, #discrimination, #federal-emergency-management-agency, #finances, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #hurricanes-and-tropical-storms, #income-inequality, #lake-charles-la, #race-and-ethnicity, #real-estate-and-housing-residential, #research, #whites

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How the ‘Alpha’ Coronavirus Variant Became So Powerful

A new study suggests how the variant first identified in Britain hides from the human immune system. Its stealth may be part of its success.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #genetics-and-heredity, #immune-system, #interferon-protein, #research, #vaccination-and-immunization

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We’ll Probably Need Booster Shots for Covid-19. But When? And Which Ones?

Scientists are asking a lot of questions about Covid-19 booster shots, but they don’t yet have many answers. Here’s what they know so far.

#clinical-trials, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disease-rates, #immune-system, #research, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-healthcare, #your-feed-science

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How Did a Gay Scientist of Jewish Descent Thrive Under the Nazis?

In “Ravenous,” Sam Apple tells the story of a researcher who was able to carry out his groundbreaking work on cancer cells even in the middle of World War II.

#apple-sam, #books-and-literature, #cancer, #content-type-personal-profile, #germany, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #jews-and-judaism, #ravenous-otto-warburg-the-nazis-and-the-search-for-the-cancer-diet-connection-book, #research, #warburg-otto

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The Sperm-Count ‘Crisis’ Doesn’t Add Up

Reports of a decline in male fertility rely on flawed assumptions, a new study contends.

#human-fertility-journal, #infertility, #men-and-boys, #reproduction-biological, #research, #sperm, #swan-shanna-h, #testosterone, #your-feed-health, #your-feed-science

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Teens Are Rarely Hospitalized With Covid, but Cases Can Be Severe

Adolescents were hospitalized with Covid three times as often as with flu, researchers reported. Nearly one-third wound up in I.C.U.s.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #deaths-fatalities, #disease-rates, #influenza, #research, #rumors-and-misinformation, #teenagers-and-adolescence, #united-states, #vaccination-and-immunization, #your-feed-science

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A Million Years of Data Confirms: Monsoons Are Likely to Get Worse

The annual summer monsoon in South Asia begins this month. A new study points to more destructive storms.

#bay-of-bengal, #floods, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #india, #indian-ocean, #monsoons, #rain, #research, #science-advances-journal, #south-asia

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Sharks Nearly Went Extinct 19 Million Years Ago From Mystery Event

Analysis of the fossil record shows a mysterious mass extinction that decimated the diversity of sharks in the world’s oceans, and they’ve never fully recovered.

#endangered-and-extinct-species, #fossils, #oceans-and-seas, #paleontology, #research, #science-journal, #sharks, #your-feed-science

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What Happens to Philip Roth’s Legacy Now?

His single authorized biography is mired in controversy. Scholars say it shouldn’t be the last word, but they are struggling for access to his vast and in some cases inaccessible private archives.

#archives-and-records, #bailey-blake, #books-and-literature, #content-type-personal-profile, #libraries-and-librarians, #library-of-congress, #manuscripts, #nadel-ira-b, #newark-public-library, #norton-w-wco, #philip-roth-the-biography-book, #princeton-university, #research, #roth-philip, #sexual-harassment, #skyhorse-publishing, #wills-and-estates, #writing-and-writers

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On the Verge of Extinction, These Whales Are Also Shrinking

The few living North Atlantic right whales are smaller than previous generations, and some show signs of severely stunted development.

#anatomy-and-physiology, #atlantic-ocean, #current-biology-journal, #endangered-and-extinct-species, #fishing-commercial, #research, #whales-and-whaling, #your-feed-science

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The Disease Detective

Joe DeRisi invented a way to find pathogens that scientists didn’t even know to look for. Can it help prevent the next pandemic?

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #disease-rates, #epidemics, #research, #university-of-california-san-francisco

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Virtual Reality Therapy Plunges Patients Back Into Trauma. Here Is Why Some Swear by It.

An experimental treatment seems poised to address a dire mental health crisis.

#anxiety-and-stress, #mental-health-and-disorders, #phobias, #post-traumatic-stress-disorder, #psychology-and-psychologists, #research, #veterans, #veterans-affairs-department, #virtual-reality-computers

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New NASA Missions Will Study Venus, a World Overlooked for Decades

One of the spacecraft will probe the hellish planet’s clouds, which could potentially help settle the debate over whether they are habitable by floating microbes.

#extraterrestrial-life, #national-aeronautics-and-space-administration, #research, #rocket-science-and-propulsion, #space-and-astronomy, #venus-planet

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Stimulus Checks Substantially Reduced Hardship, Study Shows

Researchers found that sharp declines in food shortages, financial instability and anxiety coincided with the two most recent rounds of payments.

#anxiety-and-stress, #census-bureau, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-aid-relief-and-economic-security-act-2020, #food-insecurity, #poverty, #rationing-and-allocation-of-resources, #research, #stimulus-economic, #united-states-economy, #united-states-politics-and-government

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Archaeologists Uncover Decapitated Bodies From Roman Britain

Technological advances, including DNA and tooth enamel analyses, allowed researchers to form new conclusions about capital punishment under Roman rule.

#agriculture-and-farming, #archaeology-and-anthropology, #cambridge-university-press, #capital-punishment, #cemeteries, #crime-and-criminals, #freedom-of-religion, #gosden-chris, #great-britain, #london-england, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #politics-and-government, #research, #roman-civilization, #scotland, #skeletons

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Elephant Trunks: Is There Anything They Can’t Do?

A new study highlights the impressive biomechanics and suction power of an elephant’s most defining appendage.

#anatomy-and-physiology, #animal-behavior, #conservation-of-resources, #elephants, #journal-of-the-royal-society-interface, #research, #robots-and-robotics, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

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Magic Tricks May Fool You, but These Birds Can See Through Them

A small experiment using sleights of hand and illusions offers insights into how birds and people perceive the world.

#animal-cognition, #birds, #cambridge-university, #magic-and-magicians, #proceedings-of-the-national-academy-of-sciences, #research, #your-feed-animals, #your-feed-science

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Seasonal Affective Disorder Isn’t Just for Winter

Feeling blue even though everyone seems to be basking in perfect summer weather? There might be a good reason for that.

#content-type-service, #depression-mental, #mental-health-and-disorders, #pollen, #psychology-and-psychologists, #research, #rosenthal-norman-e, #seasonal-affective-disorder-sad, #summer-season, #therapy-and-rehabilitation, #weather

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More Than a Third of Heat Deaths Are Tied to Climate Change, Study Says

Sweeping new research found that heat-related deaths in warm seasons were boosted by climate change by an average of 37 percent.

#deaths-fatalities, #global-warming, #greenhouse-gas-emissions, #heatstroke, #income-inequality, #nature-climate-change-journal, #research, #vicedo-cabrera-ana-maria

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As Harvard Case Looms at Supreme Court, Study Tests Value of Diversity

After prestigious law reviews adopted diversity policies for choosing student editors, researchers found, the articles they published were cited more often.

#admissions-standards, #affirmative-action, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-law-review-journal, #harvard-university, #minorities, #research, #supreme-court-us

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Where Your Watermelon Came From

A genetic analysis of a melon found in Sudan may point to the wild fruit that gave rise to one of summertime’s sweetest treats.

#egypt, #genetics-and-heredity, #proceedings-of-the-national-academy-of-sciences, #research, #sudan, #watermelons, #your-feed-science

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You Can Bid on NFTs Tied to Nobel Prize-Winning Discoveries

Berkeley will auction NFTs of invention disclosure forms filed by the creators of CRISPR and cancer immunotherapy.

#allison-james-p, #art, #auctions, #crispr-dna, #cryptography-codes-and-ciphers, #doudna-jennifer-a, #ethereum-foundation, #immunotherapy, #inventions-and-patents, #nobel-prizes, #nonfungible-tokens-nfts, #research, #university-of-california-berkeley, #your-feed-science

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Scientists Don’t Want to Ignore the ‘Lab Leak’ Theory, Despite No New Evidence

Many scientists welcomed President Biden’s call for a more rigorous investigation of a virus lab in Wuhan, China, though they said the so-called lab leak theory was still unlikely.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #politics-and-government, #research, #united-states-politics-and-government, #viruses, #your-feed-science

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Scientists Don’t Want to Ignore the Wuhan ‘Lab Leak’ Theory, Despite No New Evidence

Many scientists welcomed President Biden’s call for a more rigorous investigation of a virus lab in Wuhan, China, though they said the so-called lab leak theory was still unlikely.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #politics-and-government, #research, #united-states-politics-and-government, #viruses, #your-feed-science

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Small Study Looks at Children With Covid Inflammatory Syndrome

A small study found that six months after hospitalization, most children with MIS-C did not have debilitating health issues. But some had lingering muscle weakness and emotional difficulties.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #mis-c, #multisystem-inflammatory-syndrome-in-children, #pediatric-inflammatory-multisystem-syndrome-pims, #research, #your-feed-science

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Blind Man’s Sight Partially Restored with ‘Optogenetics’ Gene Therapy

Using a technique called optogenetics, researchers added light-sensitive proteins to the man’s retina, giving him a blurry view of objects.

#blindness, #brain, #eyes-and-eyesight, #genetic-engineering, #research, #science-and-technology

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Yuan Longping, Plant Scientist Who Helped Curb Famine, Dies at 90

His development of high-yield rice hybrids in the 1970s led to steeply rising harvests in Asia and Africa and made him a national hero in China, credited with saving countless lives.

#agriculture-and-farming, #borlaug-norman-e, #china, #deaths-obituaries, #famine, #hunan-province-china, #international-rice-research-institute, #research, #rice, #yuan-longping

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Ventilation and Testing Can Help Keep U.S. Schools Open in Fall, Studies Suggest

The studies follow recent federal guidance that all schools teaching students from kindergarten through grade 12 should continue to implement mask-wearing policies through the end of the current school year.

#coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-reopenings, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #education-k-12, #heating-ventilation-and-cooling-hvac, #internal-essential, #research, #tests-medical

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Iceberg Splits From Antarctica, Becoming World’s Largest

The iceberg broke off from the edge of the Ronne Ice Shelf into the Weddell Sea this week, researchers said.

#antarctic-regions, #glaciers, #global-warming, #ice, #national-ice-center, #oceans-and-seas, #research

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