Military Base Names and the Cult of the Confederacy

By renaming military bases, the Defense Department dismantles an enduring legacy of the Lost Cause.

#awards-decorations-and-honors, #black-people, #confederate-states-of-america, #discrimination, #history-academic-subject, #military-bases-and-installations, #minorities, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

After 246 Years, Marine Corps Gives 4 Stars to a Black Officer

Gen. Michael E. Langley is the first Black person to attain the highest rank in the corps, whose most senior leadership had until now consisted entirely of white men.

#black-people, #hiring-and-promotion, #langley-michael-e, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-marine-corps, #united-states-politics-and-government

The Supreme Court’s Abortion Decision, Haunted by Brown v. Board of Education

The justices cited the landmark 1954 decision banning segregation in public schools 23 times, debating its meaning and methods.

#abortion, #brown-v-board-of-education-supreme-court-decision, #decisions-and-verdicts, #dobbs-v-jackson-womens-health-organization-supreme-court-decision, #education-k-12, #fourteenth-amendment-us-constitution, #roe-v-wade-supreme-court-decision, #segregation-and-desegregation, #supreme-court-us, #united-states-politics-and-government

After Abortion, Republicans Are Targeting the Right to Travel

And now they have the right to travel in their sights.

#abortion, #dobbs-v-jackson-womens-health-organization-supreme-court-decision, #law-and-legislation, #segregation-and-desegregation, #slavery-historical, #supreme-court-us, #united-states-politics-and-government, #women-and-girls

The National Ambitions of States’ Rights Reactionaries

Will a red-state social order be imposed on the rest of the country?

#conservatism-us-politics, #constitution-us, #federal-state-relations-us, #internal-sub-only-nl, #republican-party, #segregation-and-desegregation, #states-us, #supreme-court-us

Raphael Warnock: I Can Still Hear My Father’s Voice

Private Jonathan Warnock was a walking sermon.

#black-people, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #fathers-day, #men-and-boys, #prayers-and-prayer-books, #segregation-and-desegregation, #whites

Gun Violence Is Like What Segregation Was. An Unaddressed Moral Stain.

How else to explain the resistance to dealing with it?

#gun-control, #internal-sub-only-nl, #kristof-nicholas-d, #mass-shootings, #national-rifle-assn, #newtown-conn-shooting-2012, #republican-party, #scalia-antonin, #second-amendment-us-constitution, #segregation-and-desegregation, #supreme-court-us, #uvalde-tex-shooting-may-24-2022

In the U.S., Backlash to Civil Rights Era Made Guns a Political Third Rail

Other countries changed course after massacres. But American political protection for guns is unique, and has become inseparable from conservative credentials.

#civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #conservatism-us-politics, #firearms, #gun-control, #mass-shootings, #politics-and-government, #republican-party, #school-shootings-and-armed-attacks, #second-amendment-us-constitution, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states, #united-states-politics-and-government, #uvalde-tex

Gunman Targeted Black Neighborhood Shaped by Decades of Segregation

In an online manifesto, the suspected gunman said he opened fire at Tops supermarket because it served a mostly Black neighborhood.

#buffalo-ny-shooting-may-14-2022, #segregation-and-desegregation

The Major Findings of Harvard’s Report on Its Ties to Slavery

Harvard University issued a 130-page report investigating its ties to slavery, and its legacy. Here are the key findings.

#admissions-standards, #bacow-lawrence-s, #black-people, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #segregation-and-desegregation, #slavery-historical

School Inequality Isn’t Always Just Black and White

We care too much about the racial demographics at exclusive schools.

#black-people, #charter-schools, #critical-race-theory, #education-k-12, #internal-sub-only-nl, #oakland-calif, #piedmont-calif, #segregation-and-desegregation

When a School Desegregates, Who Gets Left Behind?

One district’s attempt to integrate has led to unexpected criticism.

#black-people, #internal-sub-only-nl, #latino, #oakland-calif, #piedmont-calif, #randall-booker, #segregation-and-desegregation

Autherine Lucy Foster, First Black Student at U. of Alabama, Dies at 92

Her career there lasted only three days; attacked by mobs, she was suspended and then expelled. Today, a campus building is named in her honor.

#alabama, #black-people, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #colleges-and-universities, #deaths-obituaries, #discrimination, #foster-autherine-lucy, #naacp-legal-defense-and-educational-fund, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #university-of-alabama, #wallace-george-c

In Twilight of Life, Civil Rights Activists Feel ‘Urgency to Tell Our History’

Young people who marched and organized during the civil rights movement are now in their 70s and 80s. With fewer and fewer remaining, historians rush to record their stories.

#civil-rights-and-liberties, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #gainesville-fla, #history-academic-subject, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states

Stephen Breyer Was the Right Justice for the Wrong Age

His belief in the power of facts was out of step in a counterfactual age.

#appointments-and-executive-changes, #constitution-us, #law-and-legislation, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states-politics-and-government, #vaccination-and-immunization, #voting-rights-act-1965, #workplace-environment

With a Pardon, Homer Plessy’s Record Is Clear, but a Painful Legacy Endures

He boarded a whites-only train with the hope of undoing racist laws. Instead, his arrest led to a Supreme Court decision that upheld the “separate but equal” doctrine used to justify segregation.

#alexander-avery-c, #amnesties-commutations-and-pardons, #black-people, #discrimination, #edwards-john-bel-1966, #ferguson-john-howard, #louisiana, #plessy-homer, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #supreme-court-us

The Time Archbishop Tutu Was Searched at the Airport

A former South Africa bureau chief for The Times recalls telling moments with the anti-apartheid religious leader.

#apartheid-policy, #crosses-and-crucifixes, #new-york-times, #segregation-and-desegregation, #south-africa, #truth-and-reconciliation-commission-south-africa, #tutu-desmond-m

Minneapolis’ School Plan Asks White Families to Help Integrate

In a citywide overhaul, a beloved Black high school was rezoned to include white students from a richer neighborhood. It has been hard for everyone.

#black-people, #discrimination, #education-k-12, #minneapolis-minn, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #whites

How the Real Estate Boom Left Black Neighborhoods Behind

While homeownership has been an engine of prosperity for white Americans, home values in places like Orange Mound in southeast Memphis have languished. What would it take to catch up?

#black-people, #chicago-ill, #discrimination, #memphis-tenn, #mortgages, #real-estate-and-housing-residential, #segregation-and-desegregation

A Landmark Reckoning With America’s Racial Past and Present

Originally published as a series in The New York Times Magazine and now revised and expanded as a book, “The 1619 Project,” edited by Nikole Hannah-Jones, Caitlin Roper, Ilena Silverman and Jake Silverstein, undertakes an ambitious examination of slavery and its ongoing legacy for Black Americans.

#black-people, #books-and-literature, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #constitution-us, #discrimination, #hannah-jones-nikole, #revolutionary-war-american-1775-83, #segregation-and-desegregation, #slavery-historical, #the-1619-project-a-new-origin-story-book, #united-states, #united-states-politics-and-government

Homer Plessy’s Arrest in 1892 Led to a Landmark Ruling. Now He May Get Justice.

His legacy is tied to a Supreme Court decision that upheld the “separate but equal” doctrine, underpinning laws that segregated and disenfranchised African Americans for decades.

#amnesties-commutations-and-pardons, #black-people, #discrimination, #ferguson-john-howard, #louisiana, #plessy-homer, #segregation-and-desegregation

Linwood Holton, 98,Virginia Governor Who Pushed for Racial Equality, Dies

The first Republican governor of the state in almost a century, he seemed to herald a new, post-racial South. He later became disillusioned with his own party.

#black-people, #civil-rights-and-liberties, #deaths-obituaries, #discrimination, #holton-linwood, #kaine-timothy-m, #race-and-ethnicity, #republican-party, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states-politics-and-government, #virginia

Amid Pandemic Turmoil and Curriculum Fights, a Boom for Christian Schools

With public schools on the defensive, is this a blip or a ‘once-in-100-year moment for the growth of Christian education’?

#christians-and-christianity, #education-k-12, #evangelical-movement, #home-schooling, #private-and-sectarian-schools, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #transgender-and-transsexuals, #virginia

New York City to Phase Out Its Gifted and Talented Program

Students who are currently enrolled in gifted and talented classes will not be affected. But the highly selective and racially segregated program will be replaced for incoming students.

#admissions-standards, #education-k-12, #segregation-and-desegregation

Have We Failed Suburban Schools?

Our focus on the problems with inner-city education has left us with big blind spots.

#education-k-12, #internal-sub-only, #rural-areas, #segregation-and-desegregation, #suburbs, #teachers-and-school-employees

Abortion Has Never Just Been About Abortion

The way it became a “godsend” for the right is a peculiar tale.

#abortion, #birth-control-and-family-planning, #conservatism-us-politics, #evangelical-movement, #falwell-jerry, #law-and-legislation, #race-and-ethnicity, #schlafly-phyllis, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states-politics-and-government, #weyrich-paul-m, #womens-rights

Buffalo Soldiers, the Famed Black Cavalry, Get a Statue at West Point

For decades, the Buffalo Soldiers taught military horsemanship to cadets at West Point. On Friday, a statue was unveiled in their honor.

#black-people, #buffalo-soldiers, #horsemanship-and-equestrian-events, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #orange-county-ny, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states-army, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-military-academy, #west-point

What Should We Do About Systemic Racism?

Understand it better, for starters.

#admissions-standards, #black-people, #brown-v-board-of-education-supreme-court-decision, #equal-educational-opportunities, #internal-sub-only, #kendi-ibram-x, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #tests-and-examinations

How the Mayor’s Big Decision Could Upend N.Y.C. School Admissions

New York City’s highly competitive gifted and talented programs could be overhauled in one of the last major policy moves from Mayor de Blasio.

#admissions-standards, #black-people, #de-blasio-bill, #education-k-12, #gifted-students, #new-york-city, #segregation-and-desegregation

The Tragedy of America’s Rural Schools

Outdated textbooks, not enough teachers, no ventilation – for millions of kids like Harvey Ellington, the public-education system has failed them their whole lives.

#2021-education-issue, #education, #education-k-12, #grading-of-students, #mississippi, #rural-areas, #segregation-and-desegregation

On Matters of Race, Randall Kennedy Demands Thinking Over Feeling

Kennedy’s new essay collection, “Say It Loud!,” challenges many common beliefs in the name of individuality.

#black-people, #books-and-literature, #brown-v-board-of-education-supreme-court-decision, #kennedy-randall, #say-it-loud-on-race-law-history-and-culture-book, #segregation-and-desegregation, #thomas-clarence, #wilson-woodrow

How Strong Is America’s Multiracial Democracy?

Recent research on racism, prejudice and politics suggests a broad range of possibilities.

#black-people, #discrimination, #income-inequality, #minorities, #polls-and-public-opinion, #presidential-election-of-2016, #race-and-ethnicity, #sears-david-o, #segregation-and-desegregation, #united-states-economy, #whites

The Black Mortality Gap, and a Document Written in 1910

Some clues on why health care fails Black Americans can be found in the Flexner Report.

#american-medical-assn, #black-people, #discrimination, #doctors, #health-insurance-and-managed-care, #medical-schools, #medicine-and-health, #preventive-medicine, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation

Lucille Times, Who Inspired the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Dies at 100

Six months before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat, Mrs. Times had an altercation with a bus driver and stopped riding the city’s segregated buses.

#black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #deaths-obituaries, #montgomery-ala, #parks-rosa, #segregation-and-desegregation, #times-lucille-1921-2021

The Resilience of New York’s Black Homeowners

Black homeownership has declined in the city and nationally in the last 20 years, hindered by gentrification and inequitable lending policies.

#bedford-stuyvesant-brooklyn-ny, #black-people, #credit-and-debt, #crown-heights-brooklyn-ny, #discrimination, #foreclosures, #gentrification, #minorities, #mortgages, #new-york-city, #real-estate-and-housing-residential, #segregation-and-desegregation, #subprime-mortgage-crisis, #wills-and-estates

A Mississippi Restaurant Has Been Beloved for Decades. But There’s Another Story to Tell.

Lusco’s, a century-old fixture in the Delta, became known for its food, and for Booker Wright, a Black waiter who dared to tell the truth about the Jim Crow-era South.

#black-people, #discrimination, #greenwood-miss, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #luscos-greenwood-miss-restaurant, #restaurants, #segregation-and-desegregation, #shutdowns-institutional, #waiters-and-waitresses, #wright-booker

What Thurgood Marshall Taught Me

He became the first Black Supreme Court justice, and the stories he told his clerks — like me — revealed how he helped break down America’s color line.

#black-people, #legal-profession, #marshall-thurgood, #segregation-and-desegregation, #supreme-court-us

John M. Patterson, Segregationist Alabama Governor, Dies at 99

He welcomed the Klan and refused to integrate schools, forging a path that would be followed by Gov. George C. Wallace.

#alabama, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #john-m-patterson, #ku-klux-klan, #national-assn-for-the-advancement-of-colored-people, #segregation-and-desegregation, #wallace-george-c

Dealing With Our Segregated, Jim Crow Education System

The George Floyd case may represent a milestone of progress in criminal justice. But can we expand this recognition of unfairness and inequity to other spheres?

#black-people, #discrimination, #education, #floyd-george-d-2020, #george-floyd-protests-2020, #humphreys-county-miss, #internal-revenue-service, #segregation-and-desegregation, #supreme-court-us, #tax-credits-deductions-and-exemptions

Only 8 Black Students Are Admitted to Stuyvesant High School

Once again, tiny numbers of Black and Latino students received offers to attend New York City’s elite public high schools.

#admissions-standards, #black-people, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #de-blasio-bill, #education, #education-secondary, #new-york-city, #segregation-and-desegregation, #stuyvesant-high-school

Black Lives Are Shorter in Chicago. My Family’s History Shows Why.

How did a Promised Land to generations of Black families become a community of lost lives?

#black-people, #chicago-ill, #discrimination, #medicine-and-health, #poverty, #real-estate-and-housing-residential, #segregation-and-desegregation

Winfred Rembert, 75, Dies; Turned Painful Memories Into Art

Decades after nearly being lynched in rural Georgia, he began recreating vivid scenes from his life by carving figures into leather.

#art, #black-people, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #deaths-obituaries, #lynching, #race-and-ethnicity, #rembert-winfred, #segregation-and-desegregation

Kenneth C. Kelly, Champion of Desegregation in California, Dies at 94

When Mr. Kelly, an engineer, wasn’t designing ways to communicate with spacecraft, he was opening doors for Black families to move into the San Fernando Valley.

#black-people, #california, #deaths-obituaries, #engineering-and-engineers, #kelly-kenneth-c-1928-2021, #real-estate-and-housing-residential, #san-fernando-valley-calif, #schulz-charles-m, #segregation-and-desegregation

‘Traveling Black,’ a Look at the Civil Rights Movement in Motion

Mia Bay’s history recounts how modes of transportation first seen as possible escapes from degradation and danger succumbed to the stubborn forces of segregation.

#bay-mia, #black-people, #books-and-literature, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #segregation-and-desegregation, #transportation, #traveling-black-a-story-of-race-and-resistance-book, #united-states

Kim Janey Becomes Boston’s First Black Mayor

At 11, Kim Janey was bused into a neighborhood where Black students were pelted with rocks. As acting mayor, she hopes to help Boston step out of the shadow of that era.

#black-people, #boston-mass, #content-type-personal-profile, #discrimination, #education-k-12, #elections-mayors, #janey-kim-1965, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation

Justice for the Negro Leagues Will Mean More Than Just Stats

Major League Baseball now wants to welcome Negro-leagues statistics into its record books — but the numbers are just a small part of what needs to be remembered.

#aaron-hank, #baseball, #baseball-hall-of-fame, #bell-cool-papa, #black-people, #frank-grant, #gibson-josh-1911-47, #leon-day, #major-league-baseball, #minor-leagues, #negro-league, #paige-satchel, #records-and-achievements, #segregation-and-desegregation, #statistics

Black Family Seeks Return of Its Beach Resort Land Near L.A.

Willa and Charles Bruce were among the first Black people to settle in Manhattan Beach, Calif., but the city shut down their resort in 1924. Now, the county is considering returning the land.

#beaches, #black-lives-matter-movement, #black-people, #bruces-beach-manhattan-beach-calif, #california, #discrimination, #eminent-domain, #los-angeles-county-calif, #manhattan-beach-calif, #segregation-and-desegregation

Lawsuit Challenging N.Y.C. School Segregation Targets Gifted Programs

The sweeping complaint accuses New York City of maintaining a segregated school system and seeks to establish the right to an anti-racist education.

#admissions-standards, #crump-benjamin-l, #detroit-mich, #education-k-12, #equal-educational-opportunities, #porter-meisha-r, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #sidley-austin

Richard Carranza Will Resign as Leader of N.Y.C. School System

His departure, planned for mid-March, comes after repeated clashes with Mayor Bill de Blasio over desegregating the city’s schools.

#carranza-richard-a, #de-blasio-bill, #education-k-12, #gifted-students, #new-york-city, #segregation-and-desegregation

Overlooked No More: Jimmie McDaniel, Tennis Player Who Broke Barriers

More than 80 years ago he played what is believed to have been the first interracial tennis match, against Don Budge, the world champion. But he has become a forgotten footnote of the game’s storied past.

#american-tennis-association, #athletics-and-sports, #biographical-information, #black-people, #mcdaniel-jimmie-1916-90, #race-and-ethnicity, #segregation-and-desegregation, #tennis