Al-Zawahri’s Death Puts the Focus Back on Al Qaeda

The terrorist network has lost eight of its top leaders in recent years. But it has more total fighters than it did on Sept. 11, 2001.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-qaeda, #al-qaeda-in-the-arabian-peninsula, #central-intelligence-agency, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #sahel-africa, #shabab, #somalia, #syria, #targeted-killings, #terrorism, #yemen, #zawahri-ayman-al

Biden Approves Plan to Redeploy Several Hundred Ground Forces Into Somalia

The president also signed off on targeting about a dozen Shabab leaders in the war-torn country, from which Donald J. Trump largely withdrew in his final weeks in office.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #defense-department, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

Somalia Elects Next President, but Terrorists Hold True Power

The militants of Al Shabab collect taxes, decide court cases and control the streets. Somalis ask, will a new government even matter?

#drought, #elections, #gedo-somalia, #larry-e-andre-jr, #mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

‘Inadequate’ Security Led to Deaths of 3 Americans in Kenya Attack, Report Finds

The inquiry also found shortcomings in the sharing of intelligence before the deadly assault by the Shabab in 2020.

#defense-department, #east-africa, #kenya, #military-bases-and-installations, #shabab, #terrorism, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

US Carries Out First Airstrike in Somalia Since August

The strike targeted Al Shabab militants who had attacked allied Somali security forces.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #shabab, #somalia, #targeted-killings, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

Car Bomb in Mogadishu, Somalia’s Capital, Kills 8

The explosion, one of a string of recent attacks, comes as the country grapples with a political standoff and a growing humanitarian crisis.

#mogadishu-somalia, #mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #roble-mohamed-hussein, #shabab, #somalia

Explosion Outside School Kills 8 in Somalia’s Capital

The latest in a series of deadly attacks comes as the country is gripped by election instability and by a drought that threatens 2.6 million people.

#al-qaeda, #mogadishu-somalia, #mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

2 Explosions Hit Ugandan Capital

Witnesses said there was a blast near a police station and another near Parliament. At least 24 people have been hospitalized.

#allied-democratic-forces, #kampala-uganda, #museveni-yoweri, #shabab, #terrorism, #uganda

Threats of Violence in Today’s Political Discourse

Readers discuss the rise in death threats and calls for bloodshed. Also: Senator Sinema; gerrymandered districts; immigration; Somalia. 

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #democratic-party, #demonstrations-protests-and-riots, #gosar-paul-1958, #homosexuality-and-bisexuality, #immigration-and-emigration, #redistricting-and-reapportionment, #republican-party, #shabab, #sinema-kyrsten, #somalia, #somaliland, #united-states-politics-and-government, #waters-maxine

A C.I.A. Fighter, a Somali Bomb Maker, and a Faltering Shadow War

The hunt for an elusive Somali militant illustrates why Al Shabab, despite a decade of American covert action, are at their strongest in years.

#al-jazeera, #bancroft-global-development, #central-intelligence-agency, #mercenaries-and-private-military-contractors, #michael-goodboe, #mogadishu-somalia, #shabab, #somalia, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

Afghanistan Collapse and Strikes in Somalia Raise Snags for Drone Warfare Rules

But the Biden administration is close to finishing a new playbook for counterterrorism strikes outside conventional war zones.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-qaeda, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #civilian-casualties, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #shabab, #sullivan-jacob-j-1976, #targeted-killings, #terrorism, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

Pentagon Weighs Proposal to Send Dozens of Troops Back to Somalia

The plan for a “train and assist” mission would partly reverse President Donald J. Trump’s withdrawal of nearly all American ground forces from the country.

#al-qaeda, #austin-lloyd-j-iii, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #drones-pilotless-planes, #maier-christopher-p, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

Suicide Blast at Military Training Camp in Somalia Targets New Recruits

At least 10 people were killed in the latest attack on a training site that is jointly run by Turkish forces.

#defense-and-military-forces, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

Somalia’s President Extends Term by Two Years, Drawing Condemnation

His four-year term expired, President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed signed a contentious law that critics fear could plunge the fragile country into renewed, possibly violent, turmoil.

#mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #shabab, #somalia, #united-nations, #united-states-international-relations

Pentagon Chief Orders New Review of Attack in Kenya That Killed 3 Americans

The unusual review of the conclusions of the initial inquiry comes more than a year after the attack by the Shabab revealed security lapses at the base.

#al-qaeda, #austin-lloyd-j-iii, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #defense-department, #kenya, #kirby-john-f, #shabab, #terrorism, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

Biden Seeks Update for a Much-Stretched Law That Authorizes the War on Terrorism

The legal basis for the war against Al Qaeda and its successors is aging and frayed, but how to replace it has long bedeviled lawmakers.

#al-qaeda, #flake-jeffrey-l, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #kaine-timothy-m, #obama-barack, #september-11-2001, #shabab, #suleimani-qassim, #taliban, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #war-powers-act-1973

Biden Secretly Limits Counterterrorism Drone Strikes Away From War Zones

Requiring higher-level approval is a stopgap measure as officials review whether to tighten Trump-era targeting rules and civilian safeguards.

#al-qaeda, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #central-intelligence-agency, #civilian-casualties, #drones-pilotless-planes, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #national-security-council, #obama-barack, #pakistan, #presidential-transition-us, #shabab, #somalia, #sullivan-jacob-j-1976, #targeted-killings, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #yemen

Militants Storm Hotel in Somali Capital and Blasts Rock Area

The authorities said an evacuation operation was still underway at the Afrik Hotel, with reports of at least two dead and 11 injured. A militant group, the Shabab, was believed to be behind the attack.

#africa, #al-qaeda, #mogadishu-somalia, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

As Virus Resurges in Africa, Doctors Fear the Worst Is Yet to Come

The coronavirus killed far fewer people in Africa than in Europe and the Americas, leading to a widespread perception that it was a disease of the West. Now, a tide of new cases on the continent is raising alarms.

#africa, #africa-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention, #african-union, #black-people, #cape-town-south-africa, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #coronavirus-risks-and-safety-concerns, #deaths-fatalities, #durban-south-africa, #egypt, #elderly, #ethiopia, #hargeisa-somaliland, #johannesburg-south-africa, #kenya, #morocco, #nairobi-kenya, #nigeria, #port-elizabeth-south-africa, #quarantines, #ramaphosa-cyril, #rationing-and-allocation-of-resources, #shabab, #somalia, #south-africa, #tedros-adhanom-ghebreyesus, #tunisia, #uganda, #vaccination-and-immunization, #ventilators-medical, #world-health-organization, #zimbabwe

Suicide Bomber in Somalia Hits Prime Minister’s Rally

The attack, claimed by Al Shabab, killed at least 10, including three Somali military commanders. Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble was on his way at the time.

#mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #politics-and-government, #roble-mohamed-hussein, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

Somalia Severs Diplomatic Ties With Kenya

Somalia accused its East African neighbor of meddling in its internal affairs, weeks before a crucial general election.

#al-qaeda, #jubaland-somalia, #kenya, #mogadishu-somalia, #mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

In Somalia, U.S. Troop Withdrawal Is Seen as Badly Timed

Somali presidential elections are scheduled in just a few months, war is erupting in neighboring Ethiopia, and Shebab militants are still strong. The timing, Somalis say, could not be worse.

#africa, #african-union, #defense-and-military-forces, #defense-department, #shabab, #somalia, #united-states-international-relations

Trump Orders All American Troops Out of Somalia

While the number of troops — about 700 — is small, it is a continuation of President Trump’s efforts to withdraw the United States from what he has described as endless wars.

#afghanistan-war-2001, #biden-joseph-r-jr, #central-intelligence-agency, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #esper-mark-t, #iraq-war-2003-11, #kenya, #maier-christopher-p, #miller-christopher-c-1965, #september-11-2001, #shabab, #somalia, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-trade-center-manhattan-ny

Pentagon Chief Visits Somalia Ahead of Expected Troop Cuts

Acting Defense Secretary Christopher C. Miller met with troops and commanders in the region as turmoil bedevils the nation with approaching elections and an enduring threat from the Shabab.

#central-intelligence-agency, #drones-pilotless-planes, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #miller-christopher-c-1965, #national-counterterrorism-center, #national-security-council, #shabab, #somalia, #state-department, #terrorism, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations

C.I.A. Officer Is Killed in Somalia

The officer’s combat death came as President Trump considers pulling back on American operations in the region.

#central-intelligence-agency, #deaths-fatalities, #defense-and-military-forces, #east-africa, #espionage-and-intelligence-services, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government

Somalia Worries That a U.S. Withdrawal Will Be Disastrous

An elite commando unit supported by U.S. forces could fall apart, officials say, leaving the country more vulnerable to the Shabab and other terrorist groups.

#africa, #al-qaeda, #central-intelligence-agency, #international-crisis-group, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #miller-christopher-c-1965, #mogadishu-somalia, #mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-nations, #united-states-army-special-forces-green-berets, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations

Trump Is Said to Be Preparing to Withdraw Troops From Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia

Facing the end of his time in power, the president is pushing to accelerate withdrawals from counterterrorism conflicts. He campaigned on ending the longstanding wars.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-qaeda, #defense-department, #iraq, #iraq-war-2003-11, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #obama-barack, #shabab, #somalia, #taliban, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

He Sidestepped Pompeo and Got Slapped Down. Now He’s the New Pentagon Chief.

President Trump’s new acting secretary of defense began a since-aborted diplomatic gambit last month to negotiate with a Somali terrorist group — drawing the ire of the secretary of state.

#appointments-and-executive-changes, #defense-department, #miller-christopher-c-1965, #national-counterterrorism-center, #pompeo-mike, #qatar, #shabab, #somalia, #state-department, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

Al Qaeda Feels Losses in Syria and Afghanistan but Stays Resilient

American drones and U.S. allies killed several Qaeda leaders and operatives in the past week. But the organization has “ingrained itself in local communities and conflicts,” according to the U.N.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #al-nusra-front, #al-qaeda, #bin-laden-osama, #central-intelligence-agency, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #hurras-al-din, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #khorasan, #national-counterterrorism-center, #national-directorate-of-security-afghanistan, #shabab, #somalia, #syria, #taliban, #targeted-killings, #united-nations, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-special-operations-command, #zawahri-ayman-al

Trump’s Tweets on Troop Withdrawals Unnerve Pentagon

The president’s demands to draw down forces in Afghanistan, Somalia and Syria seek to fulfill a campaign promise. But officials warn rapid troop reductions could bolster adversaries.

#afghanistan, #al-qaeda, #china, #defense-department, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #milley-mark-a, #obrien-robert-c-1952, #presidential-election-of-2020, #russia, #shabab, #somalia, #syria, #targeted-killings, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #twitter, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government

2 Men Found Guilty of Aiding 2013 Kenya Mall Attack

The verdicts came seven years after 67 people were killed by Shabab militants at the upscale Westgate Mall in Nairobi.

#al-qaeda, #kenya, #nairobi-kenya, #nairobi-kenya-westgate-mall-shootings-2013, #shabab, #terrorism

U.S. Military Seeks Authority to Expand Counterterrorism Drone War to Kenya

Draft rules for potential airstrikes, drawn up after a Shabab attack at a base in January, are said to be limited and would require Kenyan assent.

#defense-and-military-forces, #defense-department, #drones-pilotless-planes, #kenya, #military-bases-and-installations, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-politics-and-government

At Least 37 Million People Have Been Displaced by America’s War on Terror

A new report calculates the number of people who fled because of wars fought by the United States since Sept. 11, 2001.

#afghanistan, #afghanistan-war-2001, #defense-and-military-forces, #internal-displacement-monitoring-center, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #september-11-2001, #shabab, #somalia

Truck Bomb in Somalia Kills 3 and Wounds 3, Including a U.S. Soldier

No one has claimed responsibility for the attack, but the Shabab have carried out similar attacks across the Horn of Africa nation.

#jubaland-somalia, #kismayo-somalia, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

Attack on Beachside Somalia Hotel Kills at Least 16

The extremist group Al Shabab has escalated assaults in recent months, even as the country confronts a host of other challenges, including containing the coronavirus.

#shabab, #somalia, #terrorism

Pentagon Admits to Civilian Casualties in Somalia for a Third Time

Africa Command’s admission of the death comes in the wake of its slow move toward better accountability after years of criticism from human rights groups and lawmakers.

#al-qaeda, #amnesty-international, #civilian-casualties, #defense-department, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #islamic-state-in-iraq-and-syria-isis, #shabab, #somalia, #targeted-killings, #terrorism, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-africa-command, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces

Explosions in Somalia Leave at Least 5 Dead

Devastating attacks, occurring almost daily and often in the capital, Mogadishu, have put a strain on the country’s fragile government.

#africa, #al-qaeda, #baidoa-somalia, #horn-of-africa, #mogadishu-somalia, #shabab, #somalia, #terrorism, #turkey

Suicide Bombing Targets Major Turkish Military Base in Somalia

Officials said two people were killed in the bombing at the facility in Mogadishu, Turkey’s largest overseas military base.

#africa, #al-qaeda, #erdogan-recep-tayyip, #horn-of-africa, #mogadishu-somalia, #mohamed-mohamed-abdullahi, #shabab, #somalia, #turkey

Italian Hostage’s Release Erupts Into Clashes Over Islam and Ransom

The conversion to Islam by Silvia Romano, an Italian aid worker kidnapped by a group said to be linked to the Shabab, was met with insults and threats.

#italy, #kidnapping-and-hostages, #league-italian-political-party, #muslims-and-islam, #politics-and-government, #shabab, #silvia-romano