Evolutionary theories said giraffes developed their height to get to better eats, but ancestors may have gained the advantage through head-butting battles.
Originally thought to be the remnants of gang killings, dozens of skulls found in a cave in southern Mexico are now believed to be from sacrificial killings more than 1,000 years ago.
Such an extensive head injury would likely have left the actor confused, if not unconscious, experts said.
People who find themselves alone after a significant knock to the head are at higher risk of harm.
His discoveries of ancient human skulls and skeletons, including the famed “Turkana Boy,” helped cement Africa’s standing as the cradle of humanity.
A growing number of forensic researchers are questioning how the field interprets the geographic ancestry of human remains.
A laborer discovered the fossil and hid it in a well for 85 years. Scientists say it could help sort out the human family tree and how our species emerged.
Research has shown that they shared many behaviors that we long believed to be uniquely human. Why did science get them so wrong?
Five articles from around The Times, narrated just for you.
An archaeological excavation south of Rome uncovered fossil remains of nine Neanderthals, along with the bones of hyenas, elephants and rhinoceroses.
As one museum has pledged to return skulls held in an infamous collection, others, including the Smithsonian, are reckoning with their own holdings of African-American remains.
While later dinosaurs in this lineage were giant herbivores with tiny brains, this small species packed a lot more power in its skull.
While many fossils have been flattened by time and the elements, a titanosaur found in an egg was preserved in three dimensions.
Important mysteries have been solved about a reptile with a giraffe-like neck that hunted prey 242 million years ago.
The extinct South American animal made us believe it was as fierce as a saber-tooth cat, but a new study suggests it was a mere scavenger.
Five housebound photographers used everyday items to create images that speak to both their inner lives and the world beyond their walls.
The men might have been among the earliest to be stolen from their homeland and brought to the Americas.