Research has shown that they shared many behaviors that we long believed to be uniquely human. Why did science get them so wrong?
Five articles from around The Times, narrated just for you.
An archaeological excavation south of Rome uncovered fossil remains of nine Neanderthals, along with the bones of hyenas, elephants and rhinoceroses.
As one museum has pledged to return skulls held in an infamous collection, others, including the Smithsonian, are reckoning with their own holdings of African-American remains.
While later dinosaurs in this lineage were giant herbivores with tiny brains, this small species packed a lot more power in its skull.
While many fossils have been flattened by time and the elements, a titanosaur found in an egg was preserved in three dimensions.
Important mysteries have been solved about a reptile with a giraffe-like neck that hunted prey 242 million years ago.
The extinct South American animal made us believe it was as fierce as a saber-tooth cat, but a new study suggests it was a mere scavenger.
Five housebound photographers used everyday items to create images that speak to both their inner lives and the world beyond their walls.
The men might have been among the earliest to be stolen from their homeland and brought to the Americas.