Virginia Supreme Court Clears Path for Removal of Robert E. Lee Statue

Two unanimous rulings allow Gov. Ralph Northam to remove the statue from its prominent spot on Monument Avenue in Richmond.

#black-lives-matter-movement, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #george-floyd-protests-2020, #lee-robert-e, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #northam-ralph-s, #richmond-va, #slavery-historical, #virginia

Bank of England Removes Art of Leaders Linked to Slave Trade

Oil paintings and portraits depicting seven leading figures at the bank have been removed because of their connections to slavery.

#art, #bank-of-england, #europe, #great-britain, #museums, #slavery-historical

Stephen B. Oates, Civil War Historian, Dies at 85

In a quartet of biographies, he explored how slavery and racial oppression could exist in a land based on the ideals of the Declaration of Independence.

#books-and-literature, #burns-ken, #civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #deaths-obituaries, #history-academic-subject, #oates-stephen-b, #slavery-historical, #the-civil-war-tv-program, #university-of-massachusetts-amherst, #writing-and-writers

Why Must Wall Street Return to the Office?

Readers take issue with an Opinion guest essay about the ways of Wall Street. Also: Grandma’s advice about the vaccine; universal health care; Andrew Cuomo’s Emmy; the history of slavery.

#banking-and-financial-institutions, #canada, #coronavirus-2019-ncov, #cuomo-andrew-m, #emmy-awards, #slavery-historical, #southern-states-us, #vaccination-and-immunization

Leon Litwack, 91, Dies; Changed How Scholars Portray Black History

One of Berkeley’s most popular professors, he brought passion and nuance — and a love for blues music — to his award-winning study of the marginalized and the oppressed.

#been-in-the-storm-so-long-the-aftermath-of-slavery-book, #black-people, #blues-music, #books-and-literature, #california, #colleges-and-universities, #deaths-obituaries, #history-academic-subject, #litwack-leon-f, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #university-of-california-berkeley

The South Must Teach Its Children the Truth

Attempts to restrict how students are taught about racism in schools have multiplied, but some in the South are standing in defense of real history. 

#black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #confederate-states-of-america, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #slavery-historical, #southern-states-us, #tennessee

‘The Lost Cause’ Is Back

Many Americans like the sanitized version of their history — color-corrected and photoshopped — and always have.

#black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #race-and-ethnicity, #republican-party, #slavery-historical, #united-states, #united-states-politics-and-government

We Owe Haiti a Debt We Can’t Repay

Haitians carried out the first and only successful slave revolt in modern history, then repelled Napoleon’s forces, making way for the Louisiana Purchase. 

#black-people, #colonization, #haiti, #slavery-historical, #united-states

Her Family Owned Slaves. How Can She Make Amends?

Stacie Marshall, who inherited a Georgia farm, is trying on a small scale to address a generations-old wrong that still bedevils the nation.

#agriculture-and-farming, #black-people, #content-type-personal-profile, #georgia, #race-and-ethnicity, #reparations, #slavery-historical

As America’s 250th Birthday Nears, the Shape of Its Origin Story Shifts

Plans for America’s 250th birthday in 2026 are getting underway. But can the spirit of 1776 survive the history wars of 2021?

#history-academic-subject, #independence-day-us-july-4, #race-and-ethnicity, #revolutionary-war-american-1775-83, #slavery-historical, #united-states

What Should I Do With My Grandfather’s Cringey Canvases?

The magazine’s Ethicist columnist on the nudes that are no longer socially acceptable.

#art, #ethics-personal, #labor-and-jobs, #slavery-historical, #vaccination-and-immunization

‘Critical Race Theory’ And How American History Is Taught

What progressives want, and what conservatives are fighting.

#civil-rights-movement-1954-68, #confederate-states-of-america, #education-k-12, #juneteenth, #lincoln-abraham, #race-and-ethnicity, #republican-party, #slavery-historical, #southern-states-us

Clint Smith on ‘How the Word Is Passed’

Smith discusses his new book about reckoning with the history of slavery, and Julian Rubinstein discusses “The Holly.”

#books-and-literature, #denver-colo, #how-the-word-is-passed-a-reckoning-with-the-history-of-slavery-across-america-book, #murders-attempted-murders-and-homicides, #rubinstein-julian, #slavery-historical, #smith-clint-poet, #the-holly-five-bullets-one-gun-and-the-struggle-to-save-an-american-neighborhood-book, #united-states

An Iowa County Chooses to Be Named for a Black Professor, Not a Slaveowner

Johnson County selected Lulu Merle Johnson, a Black educator and historian, as its official eponym, replacing Richard Mentor Johnson, the ninth U.S. vice president.

#awards-decorations-and-honors, #black-people, #colleges-and-universities, #discrimination, #graduate-schools-and-students, #historically-black-colleges-and-universities, #iowa, #iowa-city-iowa, #lulu-merle-johnson, #names-geographical, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #university-of-iowa, #van-buren-martin, #vice-presidents-and-vice-presidency-us, #women-and-girls

How Americans are Celebrating Juneteenth: Photos Across the US

From Brooklyn to Galveston, there were scenes of joy and reflections on the meaning of the holiday. “We have to celebrate that we survived,” one man said.

#adams-reginald-c-1972, #bivins-joy, #galveston-tex, #holidays-and-special-occasions, #juneteenth, #new-york-city, #slavery-historical, #washington-dc

Juneteenth Reminds Us Just How Far We Have to Go

Abolishing slavery was only one step on a winding journey.

#black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #discrimination, #federal-state-relations-us, #juneteenth, #law-and-legislation, #lincoln-abraham, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #thirteenth-amendment-us-constitution, #united-states

Encounters With Ghosts on Georgia’s Golden Isles

“I’ve spent a lifetime trying to outrun the ghosts of the South,” writes the author, whose African American grandparents were born in Georgia. A road trip reveals both the weight of the past and hope for the future.

#abrams-stacey-y, #black-people, #discrimination, #georgia, #slavery-historical, #st-simons-island-ga, #travel-and-vacations

The Enslaved Artist Whose Pottery Was an Act of Resistance

Poetic jars by David Drake are setting records at auction and starring in art museums, showcasing the artistry of enslaved African Americans.

#auctions, #black-people, #ceramics-and-pottery, #content-type-personal-profile, #drake-david-dave-the-potter, #fine-arts-museums-of-san-francisco, #gates-theaster, #international-african-american-museum, #metropolitan-museum-of-art, #museums, #slavery-historical

What Walmart Doesn’t Get About Juneteenth

Emancipation from slavery has been celebrated on different days in different places.

#black-people, #holidays-and-special-occasions, #juneteenth, #slavery-historical

Juneteenth Is a Federal Holiday Now. Can It Still Be Black?

Juneteenth is now a national holiday. But is it for everyone?

#barbecue, #black-people, #emancipation-proclamation-1863, #juneteenth, #knowles-beyonce, #louisiana, #picnics, #slavery-historical, #texas

Biden Signs Law Making Juneteenth a Federal Holiday

The law went into effect immediately, making Friday the first federal Juneteenth holiday in American history.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #black-people, #holidays-and-special-occasions, #juneteenth, #slavery-historical, #united-states-politics-and-government

Juneteenth Poll: Most Americans Know Little or Nothing About Holiday

Academics believe that increases in the number of Americans familiar with the holiday, which commemorates the end of slavery in the U.S., may be a result of last summer’s protests against racism.

#black-people, #gallup-poll, #george-floyd-protests-2020, #holidays-and-special-occasions, #juneteenth, #polls-and-public-opinion, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical

House Passes Bill to Make Juneteenth a Federal Holiday

The measure would designate June 19 as a federal holiday to commemorate the end of slavery. More than a dozen Republicans voted against it.

#civil-war-us-1861-65, #emancipation-proclamation-1863, #holidays-and-special-occasions, #house-of-representatives, #johnson-ron-1955, #juneteenth, #law-and-legislation, #markey-edward-j, #senate, #slavery-historical, #thirteenth-amendment-us-constitution, #united-states-politics-and-government

On a Kentucky Riverbank, a Path to Remembrance

Hannah Drake’s Un(Known) Project in Louisville is both a memorial to enslaved people whose stories will never be uncovered, and a challenge to unearth narratives hidden in attics and archives.

#art, #black-people, #content-type-personal-profile, #hannah-drake, #louisville-ky, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #slavery-historical, #taylor-breonna-1993-2020, #underground-railroad-19th-century

Telling Stories of Slavery, One Person at a Time

A new exhibition in Amsterdam reconstructs personal histories to confront the Netherlands’ extensive and little-discussed involvement in the international trade of enslaved people during the colonial era.

#art, #dibbits-taco, #dutch-east-india-co, #dutch-west-india-company, #netherlands, #rijksmuseum, #slavery-historical, #van-rijn-rembrandt-harmenszoon

The Remains of Nathan Bedford Forrest Are Being Exhumed in Memphis

The remains of Nathan Bedford Forrest, a slave trader and leader of the Ku Klux Klan, will be moved from Memphis to a Confederate museum 200 miles away.

#black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #confederate-states-of-america, #forrest-nathan-bedford, #ku-klux-klan, #memphis-tenn, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #sons-of-confederate-veterans, #tennessee

A Veteran Tried to Credit Black Americans on Memorial Day. His Mic Got Muted.

Retired Army Lt. Col. Barnard Kemter was speaking at an American Legion service in Hudson, Ohio, on Monday when he was intentionally silenced.

#american-legion, #black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #hudson-ohio, #kemter-barnard, #memorial-day, #ohio, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical

Book Review: ‘How the Word Is Passed,’ by Clint Smith

In “How the Word Is Passed,” the poet and journalist Clint Smith visits nine places to assess how we are reckoning with our racial history and its legacy.

#books-and-literature, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #how-the-word-is-passed-a-reckoning-with-the-history-of-slavery-across-america-book, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #slavery-historical, #smith-clint-poet

Targeting ‘Critical Race Theory,’ Republicans Rattle American Schools

In a culture-war brawl that has spilled into the country’s educational system, Republicans at the local, state and national levels are trying to block curriculums that emphasize systemic racism.

#black-people, #discrimination, #education, #history-academic-subject, #race-and-ethnicity, #republican-party, #slavery-historical, #state-legislatures, #trump-donald-j, #united-states-politics-and-government

This Seminary Built on Slavery and Jim Crow Has Begun Paying Reparations

#black-people, #colleges-and-universities, #endowments, #labor-and-jobs, #race-and-ethnicity, #reparations, #slavery-historical, #virginia-theological-seminary

Nikole Hannah-Jones Weighs Legal Action Against U.N.C.

Nikole Hannah-Jones, a creator of the 1619 Project who is scheduled to start as a professor at the university this summer, has retained lawyers to represent her in a dispute over tenure.

#1619-project, #colleges-and-universities, #hannah-jones-nikole, #journalism-schools, #naacp-legal-defense-fund, #new-york-times, #news-and-news-media, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #suits-and-litigation-civil, #tenure, #university-of-north-carolina, #writing-and-writers

Tribes to Confront Bias Against Descendants of Enslaved People

The Choctaw Nation and the Muscogee (Creek) Nation in Oklahoma said they would consider granting citizenship to the Freedmen.

#black-people, #choctaw-nation, #discrimination, #haaland-deb, #interior-department, #muscogee-creek-nation-okumlgee-okla, #native-americans, #oklahoma, #slavery-historical

Was the Constitutional Right to Bear Arms Designed to Protect Slavery?

In her provocative new book, “The Second,” the historian Carol Anderson examines America’s history of racist legal decisions around gun rights, arguing that the Second Amendment was intended to guarantee white slaveholders a fighting force to suppress slave insurrections.

#anderson-carol-author, #black-people, #books-and-literature, #discrimination, #gun-control, #second-amendment-us-constitution, #slavery-historical, #the-second-race-and-guns-in-a-fatally-unequal-america-book, #united-states

Nikole Hannah-Jones Receives Support in Tenure Dispute

More than 200 writers and cultural figures signed a letter opposing the University of North Carolina’s failure to give the Times Magazine correspondent tenure with her position there.

#coates-ta-nehisi, #hannah-jones-nikole, #journalism-schools, #new-york-times, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #tenure, #university-of-north-carolina

‘The Underground Railroad’ Tells a Deeper Story of Slavery

In his Amazon show, Barry Jenkins doesn’t present a story of slavery for the white gaze.

#black-people, #jenkins-barry, #slavery-historical, #television, #the-underground-railroad-tv-program, #whitehead-colson

The Making of ‘High on the Hog,’ Bringing Black Food History to TV

The new Netflix series tapped years of scholarship and the life experience of its creators to chart how African Americans have shaped the country’s cuisine.

#black-people, #books-and-literature, #cooking-and-cookbooks, #documentary-films-and-programs, #food, #harris-jessica-b, #high-on-the-hog-how-african-american-cuisine-transformed-america-tv-program, #netflix-inc, #satterfield-stephen, #slavery-historical, #television, #united-states, #williams-roger-ross

Before the Civil War, America Was a ‘House Divided’ in More Ways Than One

Alan Taylor’s “American Republics” describes a nation that was less a united country than a congeries of feuding geographical entities.

#american-republics-book, #books-and-literature, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #mexican-american-war-1846-48, #slavery-historical, #states-us, #taylor-alan

Mandate Covid Vaccines for Students

Now that those 12 and older will be eligible, a former principal urges that they be required to be vaccinated when they return to school. Also: Underpaid workers; a fund for black colleges; fewer showers.

#coronavirus-reopenings, #historically-black-colleges-and-universities, #slavery-historical, #united-states-politics-and-government, #vaccination-and-immunization, #wages-and-salaries

Spotlighting a History of Slavery in N.Y.C.

A campaign draws attention to streets, subway stations and neighborhoods named after some of the city’s most famous families.

#boerum-hill-brooklyn-ny, #new-york-city, #prospect-lefferts-gardens-brooklyn-ny, #slavery-historical

The Stealth Sticker Campaign to Expose New York’s History of Slavery

Peter Stuyvesant was an enslaver. So were other prominent New Yorkers whose names are all over the city.

#black-people, #slavery-historical, #stuyvesant-peter, #underground-railroad-19th-century

Macron Condemns Napoleon’s Restoration of Slavery

The French president’s speech on the 200th anniversary of the emperor’s death combined a rebuke for a betrayal of the Enlightenment and recognition of his achievements.

#bonaparte-napoleon, #discrimination, #france, #macron-emmanuel-1977, #politics-and-government, #slavery-historical

Tennessee Lawmaker Is Criticized for Remarks on Three-Fifths Compromise

Justin Lafferty, a state representative, was rebuked after offering a historical defense of the agreement, under which three-fifths of a state’s enslaved people counted toward its population.

#black-people, #lafferty-justin-1971, #republican-party, #slavery-historical, #state-legislatures, #tennessee, #united-states-politics-and-government

Is America a Racist Country?

The answer is “yes,” and that’s not a radical statement.

#black-people, #discrimination, #graham-lindsey, #race-and-ethnicity, #scott-timothy-eugene, #slavery-historical, #united-states-politics-and-government, #whites

Psychiatry Confronts Its Racist Past, and Tries to Make Amends

Critics say the field has a long way to go — from the lack of Black psychiatrists to the way it treats African-Americans.

#american-psychiatric-assn, #black-people, #discrimination, #doctors, #mental-health-and-disorders, #psychiatry-and-psychiatrists, #race-and-ethnicity, #slavery-historical, #tweedy-damon-s-1974

Jane Austen Museum to Address Ties to Slavery

Exhibits at the house where the writer lived in the early 1800s are being updated to add historical context. Not everyone is thrilled.

#austen-jane, #black-lives-matter-movement, #colonization, #hampshire-england, #museums, #slavery-historical

Korean Court Rejects Suit Against Japan Over Sexual Slavery

The decision contradicted an earlier court ruling in South Korea that said the Japanese government must compensate so-called comfort women.

#decisions-and-verdicts, #human-rights-and-human-rights-violations, #japan, #prostitution, #reparations, #slavery-historical, #south-korea, #women-and-girls, #world-war-ii-1939-45

The Historian Annette Gordon-Reed Gets Personal in ‘On Juneteenth’

Gordon-Reed’s new book is a series of short, moving essays about her family’s history and about the end of legalized slavery in Texas.

#books-and-literature, #gordon-reed-annette, #juneteenth, #on-juneteenth-book, #slavery-historical, #texas

Archaeologists Solve a Decades-Old Harriet Tubman Mystery

State and federal officials announced on Tuesday that they had located the site of the Maryland cabin where the Underground Railroad conductor lived as a young adult.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #harriet-tubman-underground-railroad-visitor-center-church-creek-md, #humanities, #larson-kate-clifford-1958, #maryland, #maryland-department-of-transportation, #slavery-historical, #tubman-harriet, #underground-railroad-19th-century

What Should Museums Do With the Bones of the Enslaved?

As one museum has pledged to return skulls held in an infamous collection, others, including the Smithsonian, are reckoning with their own holdings of African-American remains.

#black-people, #bunch-lonnie-g-iii, #colleges-and-universities, #harvard-university, #morton-samuel-george, #museums, #native-americans, #race-and-ethnicity, #skull-body-part, #slavery-historical, #smithsonian-institution, #university-of-pennsylvania-museum-of-archaeology-and-anthropology

Descendants Challenge Catholic Order’s Pledge on Slave Trade

The deal had been hammered out in a series of private meetings between the Jesuits and three descendant leaders.

#american-descendants-of-slavery, #black-people, #georgetown-university, #jesuit-conference-of-canada-and-the-united-states, #race-and-ethnicity, #roman-catholic-church, #slavery-historical, #united-states