Italy Salutes a War Hero and the Values He Fought For

Mario Fiorentini, Italy’s most decorated resistance fighter, died at age 103 this week, and his mourners want his legacy to live on.

#awards-decorations-and-honors, #content-type-personal-profile, #funerals-and-memorials, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #italy, #mario-fiorentini, #mathematics, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Guadalcanal Anniversary Marked by a Kennedy

At a ceremony to mark the 80th anniversary of a crucial battle in the Pacific, two daughters of men who served there reflected on the lessons of war.

#china, #far-east-south-and-southeast-asia-and-pacific-areas, #guadalcanal-solomon-islands, #kennedy-caroline, #kennedy-john-fitzgerald, #sherman-wendy-r, #united-states-international-relations, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A French University Confronts Medical Crimes and Its Nazi Past

A report on the University of Strasbourg’s takeover by Nazis during World War II and on medical crimes they committed there sheds light on a period that had been mostly scrubbed from official memory.

#colleges-and-universities, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #strasbourg-france, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Book Review: “Agent Josephine,” by Damien Lewis

In “Agent Josephine,” Damien Lewis makes the case that the legendary cabaret star was a daring World War II-era spy.

#baker-josephine-1906-75, #books-and-literature, #content-type-personal-profile, #espionage-and-intelligence-services, #france, #great-britain, #lewis-damien-1966, #music, #paris-france, #world-war-ii-1939-45

History Haunts Ukraine’s Undiplomatic Voice in Berlin

Debate over a Ukrainian nationalist leader’s role in the Holocaust has exposed how views of the past shape European allies’ relationships with Kyiv.

#andriy-melnyk, #appointments-and-executive-changes, #bandera-stepan-1909-59, #diplomatic-service-embassies-and-consulates, #eastern-europe, #europe, #germany, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #nationalism-theory-and-philosophy, #organization-of-ukrainian-nationalists, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #scholz-olaf-1958, #steinmeier-frank-walter, #ukraine, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zelensky-volodymyr

Nazi Tapes Provide a Chilling Sequel to the Eichmann Trial

Sixty years after the execution of Adolf Eichmann, the logistics chief of the Holocaust, an Israeli documentary airs his confessions in his own voice.

#eichmann-adolf, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #israel, #movies, #television, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Army Bases That Honor Confederate Traitors Could Soon Be Renamed for These Heroes

The names “embody the best of the United States Army and America,” a commission established by Congress wrote in announcing its choices.

#awards-decorations-and-honors, #black-people, #civil-war-us-1861-65, #eisenhower-dwight-david, #fort-a-p-hill-va, #fort-benning-ga, #fort-bragg-nc, #fort-gordon-ga, #fort-hood-tex, #fort-lee-va, #fort-pickett-va, #fort-polk-la, #fort-rucker-ala, #harlem-hellfighters, #johnson-henry-lincoln-1897-1929, #moore-harold-g-1922-2017, #united-states-army, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Artists Scrutinize Nazi Family Past of Julia Stoschek

As word circulated of a link between Julia Stoschek’s fortune and forced labor in World War II, some began questioning the ethics of working with the billionaire art patron.

#art, #brose-max-1884-1968, #collectors-and-collections, #germany, #high-net-worth-individuals, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #stoschek-julia, #stoschek-julia-collection, #world-war-ii-1939-45

DNA Can Identify Unknown Soldiers. It Also Reveals Old Mistakes.

With modern tools, the U.S. military is learning that some unidentified remains from 20th century battles are those of service members it thought were found and sent home long ago.

#bones, #cemeteries, #deaths-fatalities, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #lebanon-tenn, #missing-in-action, #tarawa-kiribati, #tests-medical, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #walker-edward-glen, #world-war-ii-1939-45

In This Small Thai Village, American History Runs Deep

In 1944, a U.S. military plane crashed in a spot the locals named “Deadman’s Torso Flat.” A team has found remains that it hopes are those of the airman.

#aviation-accidents-safety-and-disasters, #defense-pow-mia-accounting-agency, #military-aircraft, #thailand, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-war-ii-1939-45

France’s New Prime Minister Overcame Tragedy in Her Youth

Élisabeth Borne’s father, a World War II resistance member and a Holocaust survivor, killed himself when she was 11, an experience she has rarely discussed in detail.

#auschwitz-concentration-camp, #borne-elisabeth, #concentration-camps, #content-type-personal-profile, #europe, #france, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #macron-emmanuel-1977, #politics-and-government, #women-and-girls, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Russia’s War on Ukraine Shows That It Is Fascist

If Vladimir Putin prevails in Ukraine, fascists around the world will take comfort.

#hitler-adolf, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #stalin-joseph, #ukraine, #world-war-ii-1939-45

How Putin Co-opted Russia’s Biggest Holiday

The commemoration of victory over Nazi Germany in World War II has been skewed for political purposes.

#audio-neutral-informative, #defense-and-military-forces, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Biden Speeds Up Military Aid to Ukraine, Drawing U.S. Deeper Into War

President Biden signed the Lend-Lease Act, which will waive time-consuming requirements on the provision of arms to Ukraine.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #law-and-legislation, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government, #world-war-ii-1939-45

In Victory Day Speech, Putin Shows Reluctance in Demanding Too Much of Russians

The Russian president, in a much-anticipated speech on his country’s most important holiday, did not proclaim an escalation of the fight in Ukraine.

#moscow-russia, #propaganda, #putin-vladimir-v, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #world-war-ii-1939-45

In Victory Day Speech, Putin Told Russians What He Wanted Them to Hear

The Russian president, in a much-anticipated speech on his country’s most important holiday, did not proclaim an escalation of the fight in Ukraine.

#moscow-russia, #propaganda, #putin-vladimir-v, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Appease or Confront

It’s Victory Day in Europe — a holiday honoring World War II that has long been important to Vladimir Putin.

#internal-storyline-no, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #united-states-international-relations, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Both Sides Harden Positions on Anniversary of Nazi Defeat in Europe

The war in Ukraine was marked by posturing and signaling, with each side ramping up its rhetoric as the battle ground on.

#biden-jill-tracy-jacobs, #defense-and-military-forces, #europe, #european-union, #group-of-seven, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zelenska-olena, #zelensky-volodymyr

May 9 Is a Revered Day in Russia. For Many, Putin Has Hijacked It.

Under President Vladimir V. Putin, Victory Day, marking the defeat of Nazi Germany, has come to celebrate modern Russian military might. The war in Ukraine is shifting its meaning further.

#defense-and-military-forces, #parades, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Two Europes Confront Each Other Over the Glory, or Shame, of War

On Monday, Vladimir Putin will mark Russia’s Victory Day by extolling the virtues of force. France’s leader, Emmanuel Macron, will honor a very different anniversary.

#cold-war-era, #defense-and-military-forces, #europe, #european-union, #france, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #international-relations, #macron-emmanuel-1977, #moscow-russia, #nationalism-theory-and-philosophy, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #red-army-soviet-union, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #united-states-international-relations, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #western-europe, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Russia’s Grave Miscalculation: Ukrainians Would Collaborate

Besides their military failures, the Russians entered the war believing they could persuade Ukrainians in the east to join their side. Those efforts have failed spectacularly.

#donetsk-ukraine, #kherson-ukraine, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #yanukovych-viktor-f

Goodwill Sold a Bust for $34.99. It’s an Ancient Roman Relic.

Its 2,000-year journey to Texas remains a mystery, but the buyer is returning it to the German state of Bavaria, its pre-World War II home.

#antiques, #art, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #austin-tex, #bavaria-germany, #goodwill-industries, #museums, #roman-civilization, #san-antonio-museum-of-art, #thrift-shops, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Congress Clears Bill to Allow Lending Arms to Ukraine

House passage of the measure, which invoked the World War II-era Lend-Lease Act, sent it to President Biden for his signature.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #defense-and-military-forces, #house-of-representatives, #law-and-legislation, #roosevelt-franklin-delano, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #united-states-international-relations, #united-states-politics-and-government, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘The Survivor’ Delves Into Harry Haft’s Boxing Dilemma at Auschwitz

Ordered to win fights or be put to death, Harry Haft, the subject of a new film, was haunted by the fates of his opponents.

#auschwitz-concentration-camp, #boxing, #content-type-personal-profile, #foster-ben, #haft-harry-1925-2007, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #levinson-barry, #movies, #the-survivor-movie, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Nazi Soldier Stole a Watch in 1942. It Turned Up 80 Years Later.

The watch, made as a gift in 1910, has been returned to the maker’s family in the Netherlands. It still works.

#belgium, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #netherlands, #overstrijd-alfred, #robberies-and-thefts, #rotterdam-netherlands, #snijders-rob, #watches-and-clocks, #world-war-ii-1939-45

World War II Navy Ship Is Tilting Into Lake Erie

The U.S.S. The Sullivans, which survived combat in the Pacific, suffered a hull breach this week at a naval park in Buffalo. “We have a problem and we don’t know what it is,” a park official said.

#brown-byron-w, #buffalo-ny, #buffalo-and-erie-county-naval-and-military-park, #erie-county-ny, #maritime-accidents-and-safety, #ships-and-shipping, #united-states-navy, #uss-the-sullivans, #world-war-ii-1939-45

When Classical Music Was an Alibi

The idea that musicians and their work are apolitical flourished after World War II, in part thanks to the process of denazification.

#camilla-williams, #classical-music, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #music, #schoenberg-arnold, #world-war-ii-1939-45

College Became the Default. Let’s Rethink That.

Imagine a world that gave high schoolers more options.

#bard-college, #colleges-and-universities, #education-k-12, #internal-sub-only-nl, #national-public-radio, #obama-barack, #podcasts, #rutgers-the-state-university-of-new-jersey, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Book Review: ‘Blood and Ruins,’ by Richard Overy

Richard Overy’s prodigious “Blood and Ruins” is a sweeping history of World War II packed with lessons for the future.

#blood-and-ruins-the-last-imperial-war-1931-1945-book, #books-and-literature, #europe, #overy-richard, #russia, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘Babi Yar: Context’ Review: Unearthing Footage of a Nazi Massacre

Sergei Loznitsa’s new documentary, about the mass murder of Ukrainian Jews in 1941, arrives in theaters with a grim context of its own.

#babi-yar-context-movie, #documentary-films-and-programs, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #loznitsa-sergei, #movies, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Seven Decades Later, the 1950 Census Bares Its Secrets

Federal law kept the answers on millions of census forms secret for 72 years. The forms go online on Friday, a bonanza for historians, genealogists and the merely curious.

#archives-and-records, #census, #census-bureau, #computers-and-the-internet, #genealogy, #history-academic-subject, #national-archives-and-records-administration, #population, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Vera Gissing, Who Was Rescued by ‘Britain’s Schindler,’ Dies at 93

She was not quite 11 when train convoys organized by a London stockbroker carried her and hundreds of other Jewish children from Czechoslovakia on the eve of World War II.

#children-and-childhood, #czechoslovakia, #deaths-obituaries, #gissing-vera-1928, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #rescues, #winton-nicholas-1909-2015, #world-war-ii-1939-45

How to Live to 100

For one sturdy wartime survivor, living intensely has been the best revenge.

#content-type-personal-profile, #elderly, #harley-natalie-1922, #luxury-goods-and-services, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘A Frightening Repeat’: Ukrainian World War II Survivors Face Conflict Again

Nearly 80 years after Ukraine emerged from a devastating world war that killed more than five million of its people, Russia’s invasion has stirred memories that the country had struggled to overcome.

#babyn-yar-holocaust-memorial-center-kyiv-ukraine, #romania, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #sharhorod-ukraine, #transnistria-moldova, #ukraine, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zelensky-volodymyr

Germany Is Ready to Lead Militarily. Its Military is Not.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine prompted Germany to revolutionize its security doctrine. But the war has also exposed how weak a link the German military is in NATO.

#cold-war-era, #defense-and-military-forces, #europe, #european-union, #germany, #government-contracts-and-procurement, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #lithuania, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #scholz-olaf-1958, #ukraine, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Zelensky and Churchill Are True Leaders

The pivotal and motivating power of individual charismatic leadership.

#churchill-winston-leonard-spencer, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #speeches-and-statements, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Town on Ukraine’s Edge, Determined to Escape Its Past

Przemysl’s history has been intertwined with war. This time, like much of Poland, it wants to do things differently.

#animals, #defense-and-military-forces, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #poland, #politics-and-government, #przemysl-poland, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Putin Got Ukraine Completely Wrong

In assuming history favors his invasion, he profoundly miscalculated.

#crimea-ukraine, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #ukraine, #world-war-i-1914-18, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Why Vladimir Putin Invokes Nazis to Justify His Invasion of Ukraine

The language of Russia’s invasion has been dominated by the word “Nazi” — a puzzling assertion about a country whose leader is Jewish.

#bandera-stepan-1909-59, #fringe-groups-and-movements, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #kyiv-ukraine, #moscow-russia, #neo-nazi-groups, #putin-vladimir-v, #right-wing-extremism-and-alt-right, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zelensky-volodymyr

Arnold Schwarzenegger Tapes Video to Russia, Telling Putin: ‘Stop This War’

The movie star and former governor of California addressed Russians and Russian soldiers, saying, “ “your lives, your limbs, your futures are being sacrificed for a senseless war.”

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #schwarzenegger-arnold, #ukraine, #video-recordings-downloads-and-streaming, #world-war-ii-1939-45

The Museum Ships and Submarines That Are National Landmarks 

According to the National Park Service, some 120 vessels in the United States are designated as national historic landmarks.

#aircraft-carriers, #albany-ny, #baltimore-md, #camden-nj, #charleston-sc, #fishermans-wharf-san-francisco-calif, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #honolulu-hawaii, #independence-seaport-museum, #manitowoc-wis, #marinersmuseum, #museum-of-science-and-industry-chicago, #museums, #national-park-service, #national-parks-monuments-and-seashores, #newport-news-va, #pearl-harbor-hawaii, #restoration-and-renovation, #submarines-and-submersibles, #travel-and-vacations, #united-states-navy, #uss-arizona-bb-39-ship, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Truth Is the First Casualty of War. These Reporters Tried to Save It.

Deborah Cohen’s “Last Call at the Hotel Imperial” tells the story of four foreign correspondents who sounded the alarm from Europe before World War II.

#books-and-literature, #cohen-deborah-1968, #content-type-personal-profile, #europe, #gunther-john-1901-70, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #last-call-at-the-hotel-imperial-the-reporters-who-took-on-a-world-at-war-book, #news-and-news-media, #newspapers, #world-war-ii-1939-45

She Discovered What Happened to 400 Dutch Jews Who Disappeared

In a new exhibition, Wally de Lang, a Dutch historian, has tracked what happened to each of the men rounded up in the first Nazi raids on Dutch Jews, whose fates have largely been a mystery for decades.

#amsterdam-netherlands, #germany, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #wally-de-lang, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Monique Hanotte, Savior of Allied Airmen, Dies at 101

Using her knowledge of the Belgium-France border and quick thinking, she guided dozens of downed Allied airmen to safety during World War II.

#belgium, #deaths-obituaries, #defense-and-military-forces, #france, #hanotte-monique-1920-2022, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Recreating a Family’s Lost Holocaust History, Step by Step

During the pandemic lockdown, when solitude dredged up the regret of missed opportunities, one writer hiked over the Pyrenees Mountains to better understand her father.

#anti-semitism, #benjamin-walter, #blum-leon, #france, #hikes-and-hiking, #hitler-adolf, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #immigration-and-emigration, #jews-and-judaism, #letters, #mediterranean-sea, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #pyrenees-mountains, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #spain, #spanish-civil-war-1936-39, #united-states-holocaust-memorial-museum, #vichy-france, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #wiesel-elie, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Ukraine War Bares U.S. Army Delay in Creating New ‘Monuments Officers’

Civilian specialists are tracking the threat to landmarks in Ukraine as the U.S. Army struggles after more than two years to appoint new cultural heritage preservation specialists modeled after the “Monuments Men.”

#historic-buildings-and-sites, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #monuments-men, #russian-invasion-of-ukraine-2022, #smithsonian-institution, #ukraine, #united-states-army, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Japan Wants to Showcase Gold Mines’ History. Just Not All of It.

A bid for a UNESCO World Heritage designation is the latest flash point between Japan and South Korea over Japanese colonial abuses during World War II.

#forced-labor, #japan, #mines-and-mining, #south-korea, #united-nations-educational-scientific-and-cultural-organization, #world-heritage-sites, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Ukraine’s Zelensky Accuses Western of Appeasement

President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine reminded his Western counterparts of what was supposed to be an unforgettable lesson from Europe’s past.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #cold-war-era, #defense-and-military-forces, #international-relations, #munich-germany, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #peace-process, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #ukraine, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zelensky-volodymyr

Latvia Parliament Approves Holocaust Reimbursement for Jewish Community

“This law cannot bring back a destroyed community or a destroyed synagogue,” said a chairman of a group backing the effort. “But what it can do is recognize what happened.”

#holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #latvia, #synagogues, #world-jewish-restitution-organization, #world-war-ii-1939-45

He Survived the Holocaust and Was Killed Crossing the Street at Age 99

Jack Mikulincer was on his way to synagogue to observe the Sabbath when he was hit by an SUV in Brooklyn, the police and family members said.

#holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #traffic-accidents-and-safety, #world-war-ii-1939-45