80 Years Ago the Nazis Planned the ‘Final Solution.’ It Took 90 Minutes.

As Germany observes the anniversary of the Wannsee Conference, witnesses of the Nazi era are dying and antisemitism is resurgent in Europe and the United States.

#auschwitz-concentration-camp, #berlin-germany, #concentration-camps, #eichmann-adolf, #goebbels-joseph, #hitler-adolf, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #lipstadt-deborah-e, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #politics-and-government, #wannsee-conference, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45

U.N. Approves Israeli Measure to Condemn Holocaust Denial

The resolution was aimed at combating what Israel and other countries have described as an epidemic of disinformation about the murder of nearly six million Jews and millions of others by the Nazis.

#auschwitz-concentration-camp, #concentration-camps, #general-assembly-un, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #israel, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Scholars Doubt New Theory on Anne Frank’s Betrayal

A new book that names a Jewish notary as a suspect made headlines. Now that World War II and Holocaust experts have had time to review its claims, many doubt the methods and conclusion.

#books-and-literature, #frank-anne, #frank-anne-house, #frank-otto, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #horn-dara, #jews-and-judaism, #sullivan-rosemary-1947, #van-twisk-pieter, #world-war-ii-1939-45

New Research Tracks Ancient Artifacts Looted by the Nazis

Scholars are increasingly focusing attention on the seizure and excavation of antiquities from Greece and other countries by German forces during World War II.

#archaeology-and-anthropology, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #crete-greece, #evans-arthur-1851-1941, #greek-civilization, #himmler-heinrich, #hitler-adolf, #museums, #national-archaeological-museum-athens, #rosenberg-alfred-ernst-1893-1946, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Charles E. McGee, Tuskegee Airman Promoted by Trump, Dies at 102

In three wars, he flew a total of 409 combat missions. “We shattered all the myths,” he said of the accomplishments of Black pilots in World War II.

#deaths-obituaries, #discrimination, #mcgee-charles-edward, #race-and-ethnicity, #tuskegee-airmen, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Memoir of a Young Girl’s Survival Amid Mounting Horrors

In “Mala’s Cat,” Mala Kacenberg describes her time hiding out in the forest during World War II after losing her family.

#books-and-literature, #content-type-personal-profile, #germany, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #kacenberg-mala, #poland, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Lawrence N. Brooks, 112, Oldest American World War II Veteran, Dies

He served in the largely African American 91st engineering unit at a time of segregation in the Army.

#brooks-lawrence-n-1909-2021, #deaths-obituaries, #veterans, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Soldier Sent a Letter to His Mom in 1945. It Was Just Delivered.

A letter from a 22-year-old U.S. Army sergeant serving in Germany was finally delivered last month to his widow in Woburn, Mass.

#letters, #postal-service-us, #postal-service-and-post-offices, #woburn-mass, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Edward D. Shames, Last Living ‘Band of Brothers’ Officer, Dies at 99

His company’s exploits in World War II were recounted in a best-selling book and later in an HBO mini-series.

#band-of-brothers-book, #band-of-brothers-tv-program, #deaths-obituaries, #shames-edward-d-1922-2021, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-war-ii-1939-45

How the Kremlin Is Militarizing Russian Society

With a “youth army,” a cathedral honoring the military and state media promoting patriotism, the government is preparing Russians for the possibility of a fight.

#crimea-ukraine, #defense-and-military-forces, #education-k-12, #levada-center, #muratov-dmitri-a, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #politics-and-government, #putin-vladimir-v, #russia, #ukraine, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #war-and-armed-conflicts, #world-war-ii-1939-45

How a World War II Bomber Pilot Became ‘the King of Artificial Trees’

Si Spiegel, a bomber pilot, can claim a dual legacy: as a war hero and as a father of the artificial tree.

#christmas-trees, #content-type-personal-profile, #england, #germany, #greenwich-village-manhattan-ny, #jews-and-judaism, #roosevelt-field, #united-states-army, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Pearl Harbor and the Capacity for Surprise

Could we avert a similar catastrophe in the future? 

#china, #defense-and-military-forces, #international-relations, #iran, #olympic-games-2022, #pearl-harbor-hawaii, #russia, #united-states, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-international-relations, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Military Project That Identified 355 Crew Members Who Died at Pearl Harbor EndsIt’s a

The remains of 355 sailors and Marines from the U.S.S. Oklahoma were identified using DNA and dental records, but 33 crew members could not be.

#cemeteries, #defense-department, #defense-pow-mia-accounting-agency, #dna-deoxyribonucleic-acid, #hawaii, #missing-in-action, #nebraska, #pearl-harbor-hawaii, #research, #ships-and-shipping, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #united-states-marine-corps, #united-states-navy, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Bob Dole, Old Soldier and Stalwart of the Senate, Dies at 98

Mr. Dole, a son of the Kansas prairie who was left for dead on a World War II battlefield, became one of the longest-serving Republican leaders.

#deaths-obituaries, #dole-bob, #elections-senate, #politics-and-government, #presidential-election-of-1996, #republican-party, #senate, #united-states-politics-and-government, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘Call Me Dog Tag Man’: Pacific Island Is Full of War Relics and Human Remains

More than 75 years after the Battle of Biak ended, collectors are still finding remnants of the fight, and U.S. authorities are hoping to bring closure to families of soldiers still missing.

#biak-indonesia, #collectors-and-collections, #defense-and-military-forces, #defense-pow-mia-accounting-agency, #indonesia, #macarthur-douglas, #new-guinea, #united-states-army, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘Looking for the Good War’ Says Our Nostalgia for World War II Has Done Real Harm

Elizabeth D. Samet demystifies the cultural narrative that has shrouded the historical reality.

#books-and-literature, #looking-for-the-good-war-book, #samet-elizabeth-d, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Hayao Miyazaki Prepares to Cast One Last Spell

No artist has explored the contradictions of humanity as sympathetically and critically as the Japanese animation legend. Now, at 80, he’s coming out of retirement with another movie.

#animated-films, #content-type-personal-profile, #culture-arts, #holiday-issue-2021, #howls-moving-castle-movie, #japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-2011, #miyazaki-hayao, #movies, #my-neighbor-totoro-movie, #porco-rosso-movie, #princess-mononoke-movie, #studio-ghibli, #suzuki-toshio, #takahata-isao, #world-war-ii-1939-45

The Decision That Cost Hitler the War

“Hitler’s American Gamble,” by Brendan Simms and Charlie Laderman, examines Hitler’s ill-fated choice to declare war on the United States.

#books-and-literature, #churchill-winston-leonard-spencer, #germany, #great-britain, #hitler-adolf, #japan, #laderman-charlie, #roosevelt-franklin-delano, #simms-brendan, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Justus Rosenberg, Beloved Professor With a Heroic Past, Dies at 100

As a teenager, he helped provide safe passage to artists and intellectuals out of Vichy France. He went on to teach literature at Bard College for six decades.

#bard-college, #colleges-and-universities, #deaths-obituaries, #france, #french-resistance, #fry-varian, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #refugees-and-displaced-persons, #rosenberg-justus-1921, #shoah-foundation, #world-war-ii-1939-45

For a 96-Year-Old Veteran, the Parade Came to Him

Jack Le Vine, usually spends the holiday doing “nothing.” His Brooklyn neighbors had other plans.

#brooklyn-nyc, #fire-department-nyc, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #veterans, #veterans-day-us, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Sunao Tsuboi, 96, Dies; Hiroshima Victim Who Lived to Tell His Story

After suffering through the agony of the attack and its aftermath, he devoted himself to spreading the message that nuclear weapons should be abolished.

#arms-control-and-limitation-and-disarmament, #deaths-obituaries, #hiroshima-japan, #nuclear-weapons, #obama-barack, #tsuboi-sunao-1925-2021, #world-war-ii-1939-45

To Cover World War II, These Women Journalists Fought Sexism at Home

“The Correspondents,” by Judith Mackrell, is a group portrait of six pioneering female war correspondents, and the considerable challenges they faced.

#books-and-literature, #europe, #gellhorn-martha, #hollingworth-clare-1911-2017, #mackrell-judith, #miller-lee-1907-77, #news-and-news-media, #the-correspondents-six-women-writers-on-the-front-lines-of-world-war-ii-book, #women-and-girls, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Jo-Carroll Dennison, Miss America During World War II, Dies at 97

The oldest surviving former Miss America, she was among the first to object to wearing a swimsuit during her reign.

#actors-and-actresses, #beauty-contests, #contests-and-prizes, #deaths-obituaries, #dennison-jo-carroll, #miss-america-organization, #silvers-phil, #texas, #the-al-jolson-story-movie, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Book Review: ‘Churchill’s Shadow,’ by Geoffrey Wheatcroft

“Churchill’s Shadow,” by Geoffrey Wheatcroft, may be the best single-volume indictment of Churchill yet written.

#books-and-literature, #churchill-winston-leonard-spencer, #churchills-shadow-the-life-and-afterlife-of-winston-churchill-book, #johnson-boris, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #roberts-andrew-author, #wheatcroft-geoffrey, #world-war-i-1914-18, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Jewish Far-Right Pundit Splits the French Jewish Community as He Rises

Éric Zemmour, eyeing the presidency, tries to rehabilitate the wartime Vichy regime that collaborated with the Nazis as part of a campaign filled with provocations.

#anti-semitism, #discrimination, #france, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #le-pen-jean-marie, #le-pen-marine, #levy-bernard-henri, #national-front-france, #national-rally-france, #petain-philippe, #politics-and-government, #terrorism, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zemmour-eric

Overlooked No More: Kim Hak-soon, Who Broke the Silence for ‘Comfort Women’

Her public testimony about the horrors of sexual slavery that Japan had engineered for its World War II military encouraged other survivors to step forward.

#biographical-information, #defense-and-military-forces, #japan, #kim-hak-soon-1924-97, #politics-and-government, #sex-crimes, #south-korea, #women-and-girls, #world-war-ii-1939-45

U.S.C. to Issue Honorary Degrees to Displaced Japanese Students

Jonathan Kaji, former president of the Asian Pacific Alumni Association at the University of Southern California, has been pushing the school to apologize for its treatment of its Nisei students since 2007.

#awards-decorations-and-honors, #colleges-and-universities, #discrimination, #folt-carol-l, #japanese-americans, #jonathan-kaji, #nisei, #university-of-southern-california, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Van Gogh Watercolor, Once Seized by Nazis, to be Sold at Auction

Christie’s estimates the work could fetch as much as $30 million, and is being sold under the terms of an agreement between the current owner and the heirs of Jewish collectors who once owned it.

#art, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #auctions, #christies, #cox-edwin-1921-2020, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #meules-de-ble, #van-gogh-vincent, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Conductor’s Impossible Legacy

The sublime artistry of Wilhelm Furtwängler collided with his role as de facto chief conductor of the Nazi regime.

#classical-music, #content-type-personal-profile, #furtwangler-wilhelm, #germany, #hitler-adolf, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #warner-music-group, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Nazi Legacy Haunts a Museum’s New Galleries

The Kunsthaus Zurich built an extension to display masterpieces from a private Swiss collection. But critics say the works are tainted by the source of their owner’s wealth.

#architecture, #art, #arts-and-antiquities-looting, #books-and-literature, #buhrle-e-g-foundation, #buhrle-emil-g, #chipperfield-david, #collectors-and-collections, #gloor-lukas, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #keller-erich-historian, #kunsthaus-zurich, #the-contaminated-museum-book, #world-war-ii-1939-45, #zurich-switzerland

U.S. Holocaust Museums Are Updating Content and Context

Many organizations are now trying to reach wider and younger audiences, and to tackle topics beyond the Holocaust.

#archives-and-records, #concentration-camps, #conference-on-jewish-material-claims-against-germany, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #holocaust-memorial-resource-and-education-center-of-florida, #holocaust-museum-for-hopehumanity, #jews-and-judaism, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #museums, #orlando-fla, #shoah-foundation, #spielberg-steven, #st-louis-kaplan-feldman-holocaust-museum, #united-states-holocaust-memorial-museum, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Neal Sher, U.S. Government’s Leading Nazi Hunter, Dies at 74

He pursued former Nazis who had gotten into the United States illegally and become citizens. One target was John Demjanjuk, accused of being “Ivan the Terrible.”

#deaths-obituaries, #demjanjuk-john, #deportation, #fort-hood-shooting-2014, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #justice-department, #sher-neal, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Germany Sets Aside an Additional $767 Million for Holocaust Survivors, Officials Say

Many of those now eligible for reparations are Russian Jews who survived the Nazi siege of Leningrad. They will receive annual pensions of about $5,200, or 4,500 euros.

#compensation-for-damages-law, #conference-on-jewish-material-claims-against-germany, #eastern-europe, #eizenstat-stuart-e, #france, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #israel, #jews-and-judaism, #reparations, #romania, #russia, #st-petersburg-russia, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Tech-Savvy Holocaust Memorial in Ukraine Draws Critics and Crowds

Traditionalists chafe at the contemporary-art approach to Holocaust commemoration being employed at Babyn Yar, a site of mass shootings in World War II. But it has brought visitors for an anniversary.

#art, #babyn-yar-holocaust-memorial-center-kyiv-ukraine, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #khrzhanovsky-ilya, #kyiv-ukraine, #mass-shootings, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #politics-and-government, #social-media, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘America’s Oldest Park Ranger’ Is Only Her Latest Chapter

Betty Reid Soskin has fought to ensure that American history includes the stories that get overlooked. As she turns 100, few stories have been more remarkable than hers.

#black-history-continued-2021, #black-people, #national-park-service, #parks-and-other-recreation-areas, #soskin-betty-reid, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Did Nazis Produce These Uranium Cubes? Researchers Look for an Answer.

Determining whether the cubes were produced by Nazi Germany could lead to more questions, such as whether the Nazis could have had enough to create a critical reaction.

#brown-kate-historian, #cold-war-era, #dirty-bombs-and-radiological-weapons, #germany, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #nuclear-weapons, #pacific-northwest-national-laboratory, #science-and-technology, #united-states-international-relations, #university-of-maryland, #uranium, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A Personal Pilgrimage to a Downed Warplane in Papua New Guinea

Thirty-three years after his first visit to the site, a photographer traveled to a remote jungle in search of a World War II plane that crashed there in 1944.

#airlines-and-airplanes, #papua-new-guinea, #travel-and-vacations, #united-states-army, #world-war-ii-1939-45

The Holocaust Stories We Still Aren’t Hearing

More than 70 years after World War II, we’re still learning about new facets of the Holocaust.

#eastern-europe, #history-academic-subject, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Inge Ginsberg, Holocaust Survivor With a Heavy Metal Coda, Dies at 99

Her rich life, spanning three continents and 11 decades, entailed wartime espionage, volumes of poetry, songwriting and a late-career turn as a rock band’s frontwoman.

#concentration-camps, #deaths-obituaries, #ginsberg-inge-1922, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #music, #pop-and-rock-music, #world-war-ii-1939-45

How 2 Jewish Sisters Built a Cultural Oasis During World War II

In “The Sisters of Auschwitz,” a best seller in the Netherlands for more than two years, Roxane van Iperen writes about the way Janny and Lien Brilleslijper staged their own form of resistance.

#books-and-literature, #brilleslijper-janny, #brilleslijper-lien, #content-type-personal-profile, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #jews-and-judaism, #netherlands, #the-sisters-of-auschwitz-book, #van-iperen-roxane, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45

American Vet Returns to Italy to Greet ‘Bambini’ He Last Saw in 1944

The daughter of a World War II veteran used the internet to track down three children he was photographed with 77 years ago — after almost firing on them. On Monday, they finally met face to face.

#italy, #photography, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Life at Seven Miles Below the Sea

Helen Scales talks about “The Brilliant Abyss,” and Rebecca Donner discusses “All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days.”

#all-the-frequent-troubles-of-our-days-the-true-story-of-the-american-woman-at-the-heart-of-the-german-resistance-to-hitler-book, #books-and-literature, #donner-rebecca, #scales-helen, #the-brilliant-abyss-exploring-the-majestic-hidden-life-of-the-deep-ocean-and-the-looming-threat-that-imperils-it-book, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Felix Hall, a Soldier Lynched at Fort Benning, Is Remembered After 80 Years

No one was ever charged in his death in 1941. This month, a memorial was dedicated in Georgia — and a historian finally found a photograph of the young soldier.

#bishop-sanford-d-jr, #black-people, #discrimination, #felix-hall, #fort-benning-ga, #lynching, #military-bases-and-installations, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #united-states-army, #world-war-ii-1939-45

A World War II Spy Didn’t Live to Tell Her Tale. Her Great-Great-Niece Will.

In her book, “All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days,” Rebecca Donner examines the life of Mildred Harnack, part of the anti-Nazi resistance in Germany.

#all-the-frequent-troubles-of-our-days-the-true-story-of-the-american-woman-at-the-heart-of-the-german-resistance-to-hitler-book, #archives-and-records, #berlin-germany, #books-and-literature, #content-type-personal-profile, #donner-rebecca, #espionage-and-intelligence-services, #fish-harnack-mildred, #grandparents, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #little-brownco, #world-war-ii-1939-45

The War on History Is a War on Democracy

A scholar of totalitarianism argues that new laws restricting the discussion of race in American schools have dire precedents in Europe.

#1776-commission, #black-people, #discrimination, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #politics-and-government, #race-and-ethnicity, #stalin-joseph, #ukraine, #ussr-former-soviet-union, #world-war-ii-1939-45

City Approves Landmarks Honoring Chinese Americans and Native Americans

The Kimlau War Memorial in Manhattan has long been a symbolic gateway to Chinatown, while an archaeological site in Staten Island dates back 8,000 years.

#aakawaxung-munahanung-staten-island-ny, #chinatown-manhattan-ny, #chinese-americans, #historic-buildings-and-sites, #kimlau-war-memorial, #landmarks-preservation-commission, #monuments-and-memorials-structures, #native-americans, #tottenville-staten-island-ny, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Ashes of Hideki Tojo, Japan’s Wartime Leader, Were Secretly Scattered at Sea

For more than 70 years, the location of the remains of the wartime Japanese prime minister had been a puzzle. Now, documents reveal that U.S. forces secretly scattered his ashes into the Pacific Ocean.

#archives-and-records, #classified-information-and-state-secrets, #hideki-tojo, #japan, #united-states-army, #war-crimes-genocide-and-crimes-against-humanity, #world-war-ii-1939-45

Eighty Years Later, Biden and Johnson Revise the Atlantic Charter for a New Era

The original was the work of Churchill and Roosevelt at the dawn of World War II. The new version pledges cooperation against 21st century global challenges and rivalries.

#biden-joseph-r-jr, #churchill-winston-leonard-spencer, #cornwall-england, #cyberwarfare-and-defense, #democracy-theory-and-philosophy, #european-union, #great-britain, #great-britain-withdrawal-from-eu-brexit, #group-of-seven, #humanitarian-aid, #johnson-boris, #north-atlantic-treaty-organization, #northern-ireland, #roosevelt-franklin-delano, #united-states-international-relations, #world-war-ii-1939-45

David Dushman, Soviet Soldier Who Helped Liberate Auschwitz, Dies at 98

Mr. Dushman is believed to have been the last surviving liberator of the camp. He went on to become a decorated fencer.

#auschwitz-concentration-camp, #fencing-sport, #holocaust-and-the-nazi-era, #olympic-games-1972, #red-army-soviet-union, #world-war-ii-1939-45

‘Apocalypse ’45’ Review: Graphic Images of Wartime

Candid testimonies from World War II veterans accompanies vivid archival footage in this immersive documentary that showcases the myths we tell ourselves about war.

#apocalypse45-movie, #documentary-films-and-programs, #japan, #nelson-erik-filmmaker, #united-states, #united-states-defense-and-military-forces, #world-war-ii-1939-45